2018 rose bowl uniforms

2018 rose bowl uniforms

This is the patch for the Rose Bowl game, played between the Penn State and USC. Designed for commemorative, nostalgic display, and collection. It's a nod to the Rose Bowl uniforms the Ducks sported vs. Oregon Ducks Team-Issued #1 Yellow/Black Jersey from the There has been some speculation on what uniforms Georgia and Oklahoma would wear for the Monday, January 1, Rose Bowl game. 2018 rose bowl uniforms

2018 rose bowl uniforms - recommend

Game played at the Rose Bowl. United States Naval Academy Exhibits
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    Rose Bowl Game

    For the most recent game, see Rose Bowl.

    Annual US college gridiron football postseason game

    Rose Bowl Game
    presented by Capital One Venture X
    The Granddaddy of Them All
    Rose Bowl Game presented by Capital One casinoextra.fr

    Rose Bowl logo

    StadiumRose Bowl
    LocationPasadena, California
    Previous stadiumsTournament Park
    (, –)
    Temporary venueDuke Stadium, Durham, North Carolina ()[a]
    AT&T Stadium, Arlington, Texas ()[b]
    Operated, –present
    Championship affiliation
    Conference tie-insBig Ten, Pacific Coast/Pac
    PayoutUS$35 million/conference (As of [update])[2]
    • Tournament East–West football game (, –)
    • Rose Bowl (–)
    • Rose Bowl presented by AT&T (–)
    • Rose Bowl presented by PlayStation 2 ()
    • Rose Bowl presented by Citi (–)
    • Rose Bowl presented by Vizio (–)
    • Rose Bowl Game presented by Northwestern Mutual (–)
    • Rose Bowl Game presented by Capital One ()
    Alabama vs. Notre Dame (Alabama 31–14)
    Utah vs. Ohio State (Ohio State 48–45)

    The Rose Bowl Game is an annual American college footballbowl game, usually played on January 1 (New Year's Day) at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California. When New Year's Day falls on a Sunday, the game is played on Monday, January 2. The Rose Bowl Game is nicknamed "The Granddaddy of Them All" because it is the oldest currently operating bowl game. It was first played in as the Tournament East–West football game, and has been played annually since Since , it has been the highest attended college football bowl game.[3] Since , the game has been sponsored by Capital One, and will be officially known as Rose Bowl Game Presented by Capital One Venture X in Previous sponsors include Northwestern Mutual (–), Vizio (–), Citi (–), Sony/PlayStation 2 (), and AT&T (–). The game is a part of the Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association's "America's New Year Celebration", which also includes the historic Rose Parade. Winners of the game received the Leishman Trophy, named for former Tournament of Roses presidents, William L. Leishman and Lathrop K. Leishman who played an important part in the history of this game.

    The Rose Bowl Game has traditionally hosted the conference champions from the Big Ten and Pac conferences (or their predecessors). Since , the Rose Bowl Game has occasionally deviated from its traditional matchups for use in "national championship" systems. In and (the and seasons), under the Bowl Championship Series (BCS) system, the Rose Bowl was designated as its championship game, and hosted the top two teams determined by the BCS system. Beginning in , the Rose Bowl has been part of the College Football Playoff (CFP) as one of the New Year's Six bowls—the top six major bowl games in the national championship system—hosting one of the semifinal games every three years. During non-CFP years, the Rose Bowl reverts to its traditional Pac/Big Ten matchup, unless the champions from those conferences are selected to play in the College Football Playoff.

    History[edit]

    Originally titled the "Tournament East–West football game",[4] the first Rose Bowl was played on January 1, , starting the tradition of New Year's Day bowl games. The football game was added in to help fund the cost of the Rose Parade.[5] The inaugural game featured Fielding H. Yost's dominating Michigan team, representing the East, which crushed a previously 3–1–2 team from Stanford University, representing the West, by a score of 49–0 after Stanford quit in the third quarter. Michigan finished the season 11–0 and was crowned the national champion. Yost had been Stanford's coach the previous year. The game was so lopsided that for the next thirteen years, the Tournament of Roses officials ran chariot races, ostrich races, and other various events instead of football.[6] But, on New Year's Day , football returned to stay as the State College of Washington (now Washington State University) defeated Brown University in the first of what was thereafter an annual tradition.

    Tournament Park and Rose Bowl stadium[edit]

    The very first Rose Bowl Game at Tournament park in Michigan v Stanford

    Before the Rose Bowl was built, games were played in Pasadena's Tournament Park, approximately three miles (5&#;km) southeast of the current Rose Bowl stadium, near the campus of Caltech. Tournament Park was found to be unsuitable for the increasingly large crowds gathering to watch the game and a new, permanent home for the game was commissioned.

    The Rose Bowl stadium, designed after the Yale Bowl in New Haven, hosted its first "Rose Bowl" game on January 1, The name of the stadium was alternatively "Tournament of Roses Stadium" or "Tournament of Roses Bowl," until the name "Rose Bowl" was settled on before the game.[7]

    The stadium seating has been reconfigured several times since its original construction in For many years, the Rose Bowl stadium had the largest football stadium capacity in the United States, eventually being surpassed by Michigan Stadium in [8][9] The maximum stated seating capacity was , from to Capacity was lowered after the game; the game, which was also the BCS championship game, attracted a crowd of 93,; and there were 94, spectators at the game between TCU and Wisconsin.[10] As of , the Rose Bowl is number seven on the list of American football stadiums by capacity with a current official seating capacity of 92, and is still the largest stadium that hosts post-season bowl games.[11] The Rose Bowl is also the only CFP bowl game that is held in a non-NFL stadium.

    Team selection –[edit]

    In the game's early years, except during World War I, the Rose Bowl always pitted a team—not necessarily the conference champion—from the Pacific Coast Conference (PCC), the predecessor of the current Pac Conference, against an opponent from the Eastern U.S. During the last two years of World War I, teams from military bases met in the Rose Bowl. During its history, a number of notable matchups have been made with the top football teams and top coaches of the time. These include the game, with Knute Rockne's Notre Dame and their Four Horsemen, against "Pop" Warner's Stanford; the edition saw the Alabama Crimson Tide's win over Washington; and featured Howard Jones' USC Trojans against Bob Neyland's Tennessee Volunteers. During this period, there were ten games in which undefeated teams were matched.

    World War II – venue change to Durham, North Carolina[edit]

    See also: Rose Bowl and Rose Bowl

    After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, , and a series of attacks on West Coast shipping beginning on December 18,[12] there were concerns about a possible Japanese attack on the West Coast. The Rose Parade, with a million watchers, and the Rose Bowl, with 90, spectators, were presumed to be ideal targets for the Japanese. Lieutenant General John L. DeWitt recommended that the Rose Parade and Rose Bowl festivities be cancelled.[13][14][15] The Rose Bowl committee originally planned to cancel the game. On December 16, Duke University invited the game and Oregon State to Duke's home stadium in Durham, North Carolina.[16][17] After the Allied victory in the Battle of Midway and the end of the Japanese offensives in the Pacific Theater during , it was deemed that a large portion of the West Coast was no longer vulnerable to attack (in spite of the Aleutian Islands Campaign), and the Rose Bowl game continued on in the Rose Bowl Stadium. Few Georgia fans were able to make the trip to the Rose Bowl because of wartime travel restrictions.[18] There were a large number of military servicemen in attendance.[19] The Tournament of Roses parade itself still was not held in because of the war.[20]

    Big Nine–PCC agreement[edit]

    During World War II, many college football schools had dropped some conference opponents and instead played football against local military base teams. Many colleges could not even field teams because of the draft and manpower requirements.[21] After the war was over, demobilization and the G.I. Bill enabled returning servicemen to attend college. The season was the first true post-war college football season with travel restrictions lifted and civilian college opponents returning to schedules.

    The Big Nine and PCC were of the same accord when it came to treating players as amateurs, as compared to the semi-professional status that the Southern Universities proposed. Also, the Big Nine and PCC both had the same attitudes towards desegregation and allowing African-Americans to play football.[22] Many other universities were still segregated. None of the Southeastern Conference schools had an African American athlete until The Cotton Bowl, Orange Bowl, and Sugar Bowl would not be integrated until , , and respectively.[23]

    The Big Nine agreed in , after eight years of negotiating over payments, rules, and ticket allocations, to a five-year exclusive deal with the Rose Bowl to send the conference champion to meet the PCC champion.[24] UCLA, USC, Minnesota and Illinois all voted against it.[25] The Rose Bowl, with UCLA meeting Illinois, was the first game under this agreement.

    Big Ten–AAWU/Pac-8/10/12 agreement[edit]

    When the PCC dissolved prior to the season following a pay-for-play scandal in , there was no official agreement in force. The Tournament of Roses selected from the former members of PCC and invited Washington, the first champion of the newly formed Athletic Association of Western Universities (AAWU), to play Big Ten champion Wisconsin in the Rose Bowl. The Big Ten authorized its members to accept any Rose Bowl invitation at their discretion.

    The AAWU signed an agreement with the Rose Bowl that remained in force from the Rose Bowl until the advent of the BCS era in In , after Minnesota changed its vote against pursuing a new agreement (resolving a 5–5 voting deadlock which had prevented any new negotiations for years), a Big Ten agreement was finalized, which went into effect with the Rose Bowl and lasted until the BCS era.

    While the Big Ten supplied the "East" representative and the PCC, AAWU, or Pac-8/10 supplied the "West" representative from the Rose Bowl to the BCS era, an "exclusive" Rose Bowl agreement did not exist throughout this period. In particular, the Big Ten was not part of any agreement for at least the and games. In particular, the Big Ten champion Ohio State, declined the invitation to play in the Rose Bowl without penalty.

    The AAWU used "Big Five", "Big Six", and "Pacific-8" as unofficial nicknames (each reflecting the number of conference members). It officially adopted the "Pacific-8" name for the season. The name changed to "Pacific" with the arrival of Arizona and Arizona State in , its last official name change prior to the formation of the BCS in The Big Ten Conference retained the same name throughout this period, even though it had eleven members by the start of the BCS era because of the addition of Penn State in

    Both conferences had a "no repeat" rule in force for a number of years. Under this rule, any team that had appeared in the Rose Bowl game the previous season could not go, even if they were the conference champion. The notable exceptions to this rule were Washington playing in the and games and Minnesota playing in the and games during the period when the conference agreements were in a state of flux. The Big Ten abolished this rule in The AAWU/Pac-8 had abandoned its no-repeat rule by the time Southern California played in four consecutive Rose Bowl games from to

    Both conferences also had "exclusive agreements" with the Rose Bowl game, in the sense that member schools were not allowed to play in any other bowl game. Both conferences abolished this rule before the NCAA Division I football season. As a result, Michigan and USC were allowed to play in the Orange Bowl and the Liberty Bowl, respectively.

    Bowl Championship Series[edit]

    The Rose Bowlwith the banners for the Rose Bowl Game (the right scoreboard had been removed during the renovation)

    As of the season, with the creation of the Bowl Championship Series (BCS), team selection for the Rose Bowl was tied to the other three BCS bowls, although in any given year the Rose Bowl still attempted, if possible, to maintain the traditional Pac (Pac after the addition of Utah and Colorado in ) versus Big Ten format (though if the champion from either or both conference was ranked BCS #1 or #2, they were allowed into the national championship game and were replaced by another team, typically from the same conference as the team being replaced). Twice in this era, the Rose Bowl had served as the BCS championship game.

    The game served as the BCS championship game between the BCS No. 1–ranked Miami, then a member of the Big East Conference, and the BCS No. 2–ranked Nebraska, then a member of the Big 12 Conference. The Nebraska selection as the BCS No. 2 team was controversial because Oregon was ranked No. 2 in both the AP and Coaches Polls, while Nebraska was ranked No. 4 in both polls and did not play in its conference championship game (No. 3 Colorado, who would play Oregon in that year's Fiesta Bowl, did and won the Big 12's automatic bid to the BCS). This prevented a West Coast team playing in the Rose Bowl for the first time, and it also marked the first matchup since not to feature the traditional pairing of Pac vs. Big Ten teams.

    The Rose Bowl game featured offensive powerhouses Texas, riding a game winning streak, and USC, which entered the game with a game winning streak and two Heisman Trophy winners. Texas won 41– The game had a television viewership of million,[26] the highest for college football contest since the Fiesta Bowl between Penn State and Miami.

    On two other occasions during the BCS era, Rose Bowl participation had expanded beyond the Big Ten and Pac The Rose Bowl couldn't select Big Ten co-champion and automatic qualifier Ohio State, who finished No. 2 in the BCS and thus received a bid to the Fiesta Bowl to play for the national championship. The Rose Bowl was poised to select Big Ten co-champion Iowa as an at-large in order to preserve the traditional Big Ten/Pac match up. However, the Orange Bowl, which selected ahead of the Rose Bowl that year, chose the Hawkeyes. As a result, the Rose Bowl featured the first appearance by Oklahoma, who faced Pac Champion Washington State. The game featured Texas of the Big 12 Conference, selected, amid some controversy, over California of the Pac, marking the second time a West Coast team did not make the Rose Bowl. The controversy was the result of the BCS computer rankings which elevated Texas over California. Texas went on to defeat Michigan in the game, featuring a four-touchdown performance by Vince Young, foreshadowing his yard performance a year later in the defeat of USC that won the National Title for Texas.

    The game is also noteworthy. In this game, USC defeated Michigan, 28–14, thus earning the top ranking in the AP Poll and a share of the national championship with BCS champion LSU. USC, despite being No. 1 in the AP poll, did not qualify for the BCS championship game because of their standing in the BCS system.

    The second BCS-era Rose Bowl arrangement ran from through The Big Ten and Pac (the new name of the Pac) retained their bids, but a provision was inserted mandating that the first time that either conference could not fill their bid (because a school from the Big Ten or Pac qualifies for the BCS National Championship Game), and if a non-BCS conference school qualified, the Rose Bowl was required to take that school.[27] As a result, Texas Christian University (TCU) became the first team from a non-automatic qualifying conference to play in the Rose Bowl in the BCS era. The TCU Horned Frogs finished their second consecutive regular season at 12–0, were back-to-back champions of the Mountain West Conference, and ranked No. 3 in the final BCS Poll. TCU defeated No. 5 Wisconsin 21–19 in the Rose Bowl. TCU's appearance satisfied the 'first time' clause of the agreement.

    The th Rose Bowl Game featured a traditional pairing of Big Ten champion versus Pac champion, with Michigan State playing against Stanford on January 1, Michigan State won the game, 24–

    The Bowl Championship Series format ended with the BCS National Championship Game, played at the Rose Bowl Stadium on January 6.

    [edit]

    The BCS was replaced in by the College Football Playoff, which selects four teams for two national semifinal games, leading to a championship game. As part of the arrangement, the Rose Bowl game functions as a semifinal playoff game every three years. In years when the Rose Bowl is not hosting a semifinal, it takes the Pac and Big Ten champions, unless one or both teams qualify for the semifinals, in which case they are replaced by another team from the same conference.

    The first game under the new arrangement was played on January 1, , and was known as the College Football Playoff semifinal at the Rose Bowl Game presented by Northwestern Mutual. It featured the Oregon Ducks of the Pac Conference and the Florida State Seminoles, the first Atlantic Coast Conference team to participate in the Rose Bowl. Oregon defeated Florida State, 59–20, ending the Seminoles' game winning streak, which dated back to the end of the season. As a result, Oregon advanced to the College Football Playoff National Championship played on January The 59 points were a new Rose Bowl Game scoring record for a team.

    The Rose Bowl featured Pac champions Stanford against Big Ten West Division champions Iowa. Stanford defeated Iowa 45–16, scoring 35 points in the first half, the most points ever scored in the first half of a Rose Bowl. Big Ten champions Michigan State defeated Iowa 16–13 in the Big Ten championship Game, but lost 38–0 to Alabama in a CFP semifinal on New Year's Eve. There was some controversy over the selection of the Big Ten's Rose Bowl representative, given that both Iowa and Ohio State finished their seasons with only one loss, both losing to Michigan State. In the end, the College Football Playoff Committee ranked Iowa ahead of Ohio State, which led to Iowa's first Rose Bowl berth since [28][29] Iowa was ranked fifth in the final College Football Playoff rankings, and Stanford sixth, meaning that the Rose Bowl featured the strongest matchup that was not part of the College Football Playoff.

    In the Rose Bowl, the Georgia Bulldogs (12–1) defeated the Oklahoma Sooners (12–1), 54–48, in double overtime in a semifinal playoff game to advance to the College Football Playoff National Championship game. It was the first Rose Bowl game to go into overtime.

    Relocation[edit]

    Main article: Rose Bowl

    In early December , it was announced that the Rose Bowl, a CFP semifinal game, would be contested behind closed doors without fans, due to California GovernorGavin Newsom's orders in response to the COVID pandemic in California.[30] This was met with criticism,[31] including from Notre Dame head coach Brian Kelly, who wanted players' families to be allowed to attend.[32] On December 19, it was reported that a request by the Tournament of Roses to the State of California, requesting a special exemption to allow some fans to attend, was denied.[33] Later that day, the CFP announced that the semifinal game would be moved from Pasadena to AT&T Stadium in Arlington, Texas.[34] It was not immediately clear if the game would still be called the Rose Bowl.[35] A press release from the Pasadena Tournament of Roses stated:[36]

    "It is not yet determined if the CFP semifinal in Dallas will be called the CFP Semifinal at the Rose Bowl Game presented by Capital One. The name is a part of the Master License Agreement and is co-owned by the Pasadena Tournament of Roses and the City of Pasadena."

    On December 30, the City of Pasadena and the Tournament of Roses announced that the game in Arlington could use the Rose Bowl name.[37] The only prior instance of the game being played outside of Pasadena was the edition.[33]

    Sponsorship and broadcasting rights[edit]

    [edit]

    For many years the Rose Bowl eschewed sponsorship, but in , it became "The Rose Bowl Game presented by AT&T." Unlike the other bowl games, the sponsor was not added to the title of the game, but instead as a presenter.[39] In it was branded The Rose Bowl Game presented by PlayStation 2. From to , after the agreement with Sony expired, the game was presented by Citi.

    In June , Citi decided to end sponsorship of the Rose Bowl games, including the National Championship game.[40] In October , HDTV maker Vizio signed a 4-year contract to be the official sponsor of the Rose Bowl games through [41][42] After Vizio declined to renew sponsorship in , financial services giant Northwestern Mutual became the new presenting sponsor.[43] From to , the game was sponsored by Northwestern Mutual and officially known as the Rose Bowl Game presented by Northwestern Mutual.[44]

    The edition, sponsored by Capital One, was officially known as the Rose Bowl Game presented by Capital One.[46] As the sponsor of the Orange Bowl, Capital One became the first company to sponsor two New Year's Six bowls. Capital One continued their sponsorship of the game, with the edition officially being named the Rose Bowl Game presented by Capital One Venture X after the company's travel rewards credit card.[47]

    Broadcasters[edit]

    Main article: List of Rose Bowl Game broadcasters

    The Rose Bowl was first televised in on W6XYZ,[48] an experimental station out of Los Angeles that would eventually become KTLA.[49] The game was the first nationally televised bowl game and the first nationally televised college game of any sport.[50] From to ,[51] the Rose Bowl was televised by NBC at 2 p.m. PST, and in most years was the only New Year's Day bowl airing at that time. The Rose Bowl has the highest TV rating of all college bowl games, watched by % of all people in the US with TV sets.[52] The game was the first college football game broadcast in color. Television ratings for the Rose Bowl declined as the number of bowl games increased.[52] The other bowl games also provided more compelling match-ups, with higher-ranked teams.[52] In , NBC gave up the broadcast rights, as the television share dropped in below [52]

    From to , the game was broadcast on ABC, usually at 2 p.m. PST.[52] The first 9-year contract in started at about $11 million, which is what NBC had been paying.[52] The Rose Bowl was the first broadcast not set at the traditional pm West Coast time.[53] The visual of the afternoon sun setting on the San Gabriel Mountains on New Year's Day is recognized as an important part of the tradition of the game.[54][55]

    The edition was the first one broadcast in HDTV. Beginning in , FOX had the broadcast rights to the other Bowl Championship Series games, but the Rose Bowl, which negotiates its own television contract independent of the BCS, had agreed to keep the game on ABC. Beginning with the season, ESPN (majority-owned by ABC's parent company, The Walt Disney Company) now broadcasts all the BCS/CFP games, including the Rose Bowl game.[56][57] The game is also broadcast nationally by ESPN Radio and by ESPN International for Latin America. In , ESPN Deportes provided the first Spanish language telecast in the U.S. of the Rose Bowl Game.[58]

    The Rose Bowl game contract with ESPN was extended on June 28, , to , for a reportedly $80 million per year.[59][60]

    Game results[edit]

    Winners appear in boldface while the use of italics denotes a tie game.
    Team rankings are taken from the AP Poll (inaugurated in , prior to the Rose Bowl) before each game was played.

    Date played West / Pac East / Big Ten Attendance[61]Notes
    January 1, Stanford0Michigan498,notes
    January 1, Washington State14Brown07,notes
    January 1, Oregon14Penn026,notes
    January 1, [c]Mare Island – USMC19Camp Lewis – US Army7N/Anotes
    January 1, [c]Mare Island – USMC0Great Lakes – US Navy17N/Anotes
    January 1, Oregon6Harvard730,notes
    January 1, California28Ohio State042,notes
    January 2, California0Washington & Jefferson040,notes
    January 1, USC14Penn State343,notes
    January 1, Washington14Navy1440,notes
    January 1, Stanford10Notre Dame2753,notes
    January 1, Washington19Alabama2050,notes
    January 1, Stanford7Alabama757,notes
    January 2, Stanford7Pittsburgh665,notes
    January 1, California7Georgia Tech866,notes
    January 1, USC47Pittsburgh1472,notes
    January 1, Washington State0Alabama2460,notes
    January 1, USC21Tulane1275,notes
    January 2, USC35Pittsburgh078,notes
    January 1, Stanford0Columbia735,notes
    January 1, Stanford13Alabama2984,notes
    January 1, Stanford7SMU084,notes
    January 1, #5 Washington0#3 Pittsburgh2187,notes
    January 1, #2 California13#4 Alabama090,notes
    January 2, #7 USC7#3 Duke389,notes
    January 1, #3 USC14#2 Tennessee092,notes
    January 1, #2 Stanford21#7 Nebraska1391,notes
    January 1, #12 Oregon State20#2 Duke1656,[a]notes
    January 1, #13 UCLA0#2 Georgia993,notes
    January 1, USC29#12 Washington068,notes
    January 1, #7 USC25#12 Tennessee091,notes
    January 1, #11 USC14#2 Alabama3493,notes
    January 1, #4 UCLA14#5 Illinois4590,notes
    January 1, #8 USC0#2 Michigan4993,notes
    January 1, #4 California14#7 Northwestern2093,notes
    January 2, #3 California14#6 Ohio State17,notes
    January 1, #5 California6#9 Michigan1498,notes
    January 1, #7 Stanford7#4 Illinois4096,notes
    January 1, #5 USC7#11 Wisconsin0,notes
    January 1, #5 UCLA20#3 Michigan State28,notes
    January 1, #17 USC7#1 Ohio State2089,notes
    January 2, #4 UCLA14#2 Michigan State17,notes
    January 1, #10 Oregon State19#3 Iowa3597,notes
    January 1, Oregon7#2 Ohio State1098,notes
    January 1, #16 California12#2 Iowa3898,notes
    January 1, #8 Washington44#6 Wisconsin8,notes
    January 2, #6 Washington17#1 Minnesota797,notes
    January 1, #16 UCLA3#6 Minnesota2198,notes
    January 1, #1 USC42#2 Wisconsin3798,notes
    January 1, Washington7#3 Illinois1796,notes
    January 1, #8 Oregon State7#4 Michigan34,notes
    January 1, #5 UCLA14#1 Michigan State12,notes
    January 2, USC13#7 Purdue14,notes
    January 1, #1 USC14#4 Indiana3,notes
    January 1, #2 USC16#1 Ohio State27,notes
    January 1, #5 USC10#7 Michigan3,notes
    January 1, #12 Stanford27#2 Ohio State17,notes
    January 1, #16 Stanford13#4 Michigan12,notes
    January 1, #1 USC42#3 Ohio State17,notes
    January 1, #7 USC21#4 Ohio State42,notes
    January 1, #5 USC18#3 Ohio State17,notes
    January 1, #11 UCLA23#1 Ohio State10,notes
    January 1, #3 USC14#2 Michigan6,notes
    January 2, #13 Washington27#4 Michigan20,notes
    January 1, #3 USC17#5 Michigan10,notes
    January 1, #3 USC17#1 Ohio State16,notes
    January 1, #16 Washington6#5 Michigan23,notes
    January 1, #12 Washington28#13 Iowa0,notes
    January 1, #5 UCLA24#19 Michigan14,notes
    January 2, UCLA45#4 Illinois9,notes
    January 1, #18 USC20#6 Ohio State17,notes
    January 1, #13 UCLA45#4 Iowa28,notes
    January 1, #7 Arizona State22#4 Michigan15,notes
    January 1, #16 USC17#8 Michigan State20,notes
    January 2, #5 USC14#11 Michigan22,notes
    January 1, #12 USC17#3 Michigan10,notes
    January 1, #8 Washington46#17 Iowa34,notes
    January 1, #2 Washington34#4 Michigan14,notes
    January 1, #9 Washington31#7 Michigan3894,notes
    January 1, #14 UCLA16#9 Wisconsin21,notes
    January 2, #12 Oregon20#2 Penn State38,notes
    January 1, #17 USC41#3 Northwestern32,notes
    January 1, #2 Arizona State17#4 Ohio State20,notes
    January 1, #8 Washington State16#1 Michigan21,notes
    January 1, #6 UCLA31#9 Wisconsin3893,notes
    January 1, #22 Stanford9#4 Wisconsin1793,notes
    January 1, #4 Washington34#14 Purdue2494,notes
    January 3, [d]#4 Nebraska14#1 Miami (FL)3793,notes
    January 1, #7 Washington State14#8 Oklahoma3486,notes
    January 1, #1 USC28#4 Michigan1493,notes
    January 1, #6 Texas38#13 Michigan3793,notes
    January 4, [d]#1 USC38#2 Texas4193,notes
    January 1, #8 USC32#3 Michigan1893,notes
    January 1, #6 USC49#13 Illinois1793,notes
    January 1, #5 USC38#6 Penn State2493,notes
    January 1, #7 Oregon17#8 Ohio State2693,notes
    January 1, #3 TCU21#4 Wisconsin1994,notes
    January 2, #6 Oregon45#9 Wisconsin3891,notes
    January 1, #8 Stanford20#23 Wisconsin1493,notes
    January 1, #5 Stanford20#4 Michigan State2495,notes
    January 1, [e]#3 Oregon59#2 Florida State2091,notes
    January 1, #5 Stanford45#6 Iowa1694,notes
    January 2, #9 USC52#5 Penn State4995,notes
    January 1, [e]#2 Oklahoma48#3 Georgia5492,notes
    January 1, #9 Washington23#5 Ohio State2891,notes
    January 1, #7 Oregon28#11 Wisconsin2790,notes
    January 1, [e]#1 Alabama31#4 Notre Dame1418,[b]notes
    January 1, #11 Utah45#6 Ohio State4887,notes

    Source:[62]

    Future games[edit]

    See also: New Year's Six §&#;Future games

    SeasonDateDay
    January 2, Monday
    daggerJanuary 1, Monday
    January 1, Wednesday
    January 1, Thursday

    dagger denotes game is a College Football Playoff semifinal

    Appearances and win–loss records[edit]

    The below tables list results by teams competing as members of the Big Ten conference, Pac conference, and all other participants. Included in Pac results are teams who competed as a member of the Pacific Coast Conference, Pacific-8 Conference, or Pacific Conference—predecessors of the Pac

    Updated through the January edition ( games, total appearances).

    dagger Some teams who are members of the Pac and Big Ten made appearances while not members; thus, the following results are included in the "Other teams" table:

    • Penn State's January loss predates their joining of the Big Ten
    • Nebraska's January and January losses predates their joining of the Big Ten
    • Stanford's January loss predates formation of the Pacific Coast Conference, predecessor of the Pac
    • Washington State's January win predates formation of the Pacific Coast Conference, predecessor of the Pac

    ‡ The Southeastern Conference has one current member and two former members who made additional appearances in the Rose Bowl while those schools were not members of the SEC. Alabama made additional appearances in , , and before becoming a charter member of the SEC in Another SEC charter member, Georgia Tech, made an appearance in , and left the SEC in Tulane, also a charter member, made an appearance in , prior to the SEC's establishment in December of that year. Tulane left the SEC in

    Frequent participants[edit]

    If there are any Big Ten teams that shoot for a national championship, they're damn fools You play to win the Big Ten championship, and if you win it and go to the Rose Bowl and win it, then you've had a great season.

    —&#;Bo Schembechler of Michigan, July [65]

    Among Pac-8/10/12 and Big Ten schools, the record for longest drought since a team's last Rose Bowl appearance is held by California (), followed by Minnesota (), Oregon State (), and Indiana ().

    Among Pac-8/10/12 and Big Ten schools who have played in at least one Rose Bowl, the record for the longest period since a win is held jointly by Indiana and Nebraska, who have never won, followed by Washington State (), Cal (), Oregon State (), Northwestern (), and Iowa (). As of , head coaches Howard Jones (5–0) and John Robinson (4–0) lead the list of undefeated Rose Bowl records.[66]


    Archie Griffin of Ohio State and Brian Cushing of USC are the only players to ever start in four Rose Bowl games. Legendary coach Woody Hayes led Ohio State to the Rose Bowl from to , while USC head coach Pete Carroll led the Trojans to the Rose Bowl from to

    Rose Bowl records at the Hall of Champions

    Current members of the Pac or the Big Ten to have not appeared in the Rose Bowl are Arizona (who joined the then-Pac in ) and Colorado (who joined the Pac in ), and Maryland and Rutgers (who both joined the Big Ten in ), though California appeared in the Rose Bowl only as a member of a predecessor league to the Pac[67] Similar to Cal, Nebraska played in the and games, but was not a member of the Big Ten Conference at these times. Idaho and Montana, who were members of the Pacific Coast Conference from until and respectively, never finished near the top in the PCC football standings. Former Big Ten member Chicago withdrew from the league prior to the bowl arrangement being set.

    USC has played the most Big Ten schools in the Rose Bowl. As of , the only opponents remaining for the Trojans are Iowa, Nebraska, Minnesota, and the two newest Big Ten schools that have yet to appear in the Rose Bowl: Maryland and Rutgers. Michigan has played the most schools in the Pac in the Rose Bowl. The remaining opponents for the Wolverines are Oregon, Utah, and the two Pac schools that have yet to appear in the Rose Bowl: Arizona and Colorado.

    Common matchups[edit]

    The most frequent Rose Bowl matchup is USC–Michigan, occurring for the eighth time in , with USC holding a 6–2 advantage (including rare meetings outside the Rose Bowl, USC leads this series 6–4). The next most frequent matchup is USC–Ohio State, occurring for the seventh time in , with USC holding a 4–3 advantage.

    Matchups that have occurred more than once:

    # of Times West / Pac East / Big Ten Record Years Played
    8 USC Michigan USC, 6–2 , , , , , , ,
    7 USC Ohio State USC, 4–3 , , , , , ,
    4 Washington Michigan Tied, 2–2 , , ,
    3 USC Penn State USC, 3–0 , ,
    3 UCLA Michigan State Michigan State, 2–1 , ,
    2 Stanford Michigan Tied, 1–1 ,
    2 California Ohio State Tied, 1–1 ,
    2 Stanford Alabama Alabama, 1–0–1 ,
    2 USC Pittsburgh USC, 2–0 ,
    2 USC Tennessee USC, 2–0 ,
    2 UCLA Illinois Tied, 1–1 ,
    2 USC Wisconsin USC, 2–0 ,
    2 Oregon Ohio State Ohio State, 2–0 ,
    2 Washington Iowa Washington, 2–0 ,
    2 UCLA Wisconsin Wisconsin, 2–0 ,
    2 Stanford Wisconsin Tied, 1–1 ,
    2 Oregon Wisconsin Oregon, 2–0 ,

    Top-ranked teams[edit]

    No. 1 ranked teams at the end of the regular season that have played in the Rose Bowl game are listed below:

    • No. 1 Ohio State defeated No. 17 USC, 20–7
    • No. 6 Washington defeated No. 1 Minnesota, 17–7
    • No. 1 USC defeated No. 2 Wisconsin, 42–37
    • No. 5 UCLA defeated No. 1 Michigan State, 14–12
    • No. 1 USC defeated No. 4 Indiana, 14–3
    • No. 1 Ohio State defeated No. 2 USC, 27–16
    • No. 1 USC defeated No. 3 Ohio State,
    • No. 11 UCLA defeated No. 1 Ohio State,
    • No. 3 USC defeated No. 1 Ohio State, 17–16
    • No. 1 Michigan defeated No. 8 Washington State, 21–16
    • (BCS National Championship Game): No. 1 Miami defeated No. 4 Nebraska, 37–14
    • No. 1 USC defeated No. 4 Michigan, 28–14
    • (BCS National Championship Game): No. 2 Texas defeated No. 1 USC, 41–38
    • (CFP Semifinal Game): No. 1 Alabama defeated No. 4 Notre Dame, 31–14

    Twice in a season[edit]

    Of the 24 bowl rematches of regular season games, five have taken place in the Rose Bowl. In three of those instances, the same team won both the regular season game and the Rose Bowl Game. UCLA won three of those five Rose Bowl games, including both instances in which a different team lost the regular season game but won the Rose Bowl Game.

    • Iowa 14, Oregon State 13
    • Michigan State 13, UCLA 3
    • Ohio State 41, UCLA 20
    • UCLA 31, Michigan 27
    • Michigan State 27, USC 13

    Game arrangements[edit]

    Rose Bowl: Texas defeated Southern California 41–38 on January 4,

    Beginning with the Rose Bowl, the Pacific Coast representative was the home team, and the Big Nine representative was the visitor. This arrangement would alternate each year. The stadium seating started with the Big Nine representatives in the end zone, but eventually was set with the Big Ten fans and team on the West (press box) side, and Pacific fans and team on the East side. The home team wears their darkest home jerseys, and the visiting team wears the white visiting jerseys. There have been exceptions to the uniform arrangement: UCLA wore their home jerseys, light blue, in the , , and Rose Bowl games, with the Big Ten opponent also wearing their home uniforms.

    From through , the Big Ten team was the home team in odd-numbered years, and the Pac team was the home team in even-numbered years. In , Washington State was the home team, as a non-Big Ten or Pac school (Oklahoma of the Big 12) was the opponent; the same applied in , when Michigan played another Big 12 school, Texas.

    Beginning with the Rose Bowl, Nebraska was home, with team and fans on the East sideline. From through , the home team had been the team with the highest BCS season ending ranking. For the Rose Bowl, the Michigan team was on the East sideline; Texas was the visiting team and was on the West sideline. For the Rose Bowl, USC was the home team and Texas was the visiting team on the West sideline. Traditionally, the Big Ten (or its BCS replacement) is on the West side (press box) and the Pac team is on the East side.

    During the BCS era, the institution with the higher BCS ranking performed the national anthem, and performed first at halftime. With the exception of BCS championship years, the National Anthem was performed by the band. In BCS Championship years, a performer was invited to sing the Anthem, the last being LeAnn Rimes in The Rose Bowl does not have other performers (including notable recording artists) during the halftime show besides the school marching bands. As part of the television contract, a portion of each band's halftime performance is shown on television. Each school and each conference are allocated television spots to advertise. For the th game on January 1, , Merry Clayton, Lisa Fischer, Judith Hill and Darlene Love sang the national anthem in honor of the song's th anniversary. This was the first time in Rose Bowl history that the anthem was performed by singers rather than by a marching band.[68] Today, the institution with the higher ranking by the CFP selection committee performs the national anthem and performs first at halftime.

    The coin toss was usually presented by the grand marshal of the Rose Parade or the president of the Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association (if the grand marshal was unable to attend the game).

    Rose Bowl Most Valuable Player Award[edit]

    The most valuable player in the Rose Bowl game is given a crystal trophy that is the Rose Bowl Most Valuable Player Award.[69][70] The award was created in and awarded retroactively for players all the way back to the Rose Bowl. Occasionally, the award has been shared by two players. Beginning with the Rose Bowl Game, the Rose Bowl MVP Award has been given to both an offensive and defensive player.[71] Four players have been named the MVP of more than one Rose Bowl: Bob Schloredt, Washington (, ), Charles White, USC (, ), Ron Dayne, Wisconsin (, ), and Vince Young, Texas (, ).

    MVPs , –[edit]

    MVPs –present[edit]

    Game records[edit]

    Team Performance vs. opponent Year
    Most points scored 59, Oregon vs. Florida State (20)
    Most points scored (losing team) 49, Penn State vs. USC (52)
    Most points scored (both teams) , Georgia (54) vs. Oklahoma (48)
    Most points scored in a half 41 (second half), Oregon vs. Florida State
    Most points scored in a half (both teams) 56, shared by:

    (first half), Oregon vs. Wisconsin
    (first half), Utah vs. Ohio State


    Fewest points allowed 0, Washington vs. Iowa (tied with 17 others)
    Largest margin of victory 49, shared by:
    Michigan (49) vs. Stanford (0)
    Michigan (49) vs. USC (0)


    First downs 33, USC vs Penn State
    Rushing yards , Michigan vs. Stanford
    Passing yards , Ohio State vs. Utah
    Total yards , Ohio State vs. Utah
    Individual Performance, team vs. opponent Year
    Total offense, C. J. Stroud, Ohio State vs Utah
    Touchdowns6, C. J. Stroud, Ohio State vs Utah
    Rushing yards, Charles White, USC vs. Ohio State (39 attempts, 1 TD)
    Rushing TDs5, Neil Snow, Michigan vs. Stanford
    Passing yards, C. J. Stroud, Ohio State vs Utah (, 6 TD)
    Passing TDs6, C. J. Stroud, Ohio State vs Utah
    Receptions15, Jaxon Smith-Njigba, Ohio State vs Utah
    Receiving yards, Jaxon Smith-Njigba, Ohio State vs Utah
    Receiving TDs3, Marvin Harrison Jr., Ohio State vs Utah (tied with 3 others)
    All-purpose Yards, Christian McCaffrey, Stanford vs. Iowa
    Tackles17, John Boyett, Oregon vs. Wisconsin (tied with 1 other)
    Sacks3, Kenny Rowe, Oregon vs. Ohio State (tied with 3 others)
    Interceptions3, Bill Paulman, Stanford vs. SMU (tied with 1 other)
    Long playsPerformance, team vs. opponentYear
    Touchdown run91, De'Anthony Thomas, Oregon vs. Wisconsin
    Touchdown pass76, Rick Leach to Curt Stephenson, Michigan vs. Washington
    Kickoff return, Al Hoisch, UCLA vs. Illinois (TD)
    Punt return86, Aramis Dandoy, USC vs. Ohio State (TD)
    Interception return78, Elmer Layden, Notre Dame vs. Stanford (TD)
    Fumble return58, Tony Washington, Oregon vs. Florida State (TD)
    Punt73, Don Bracken, Michigan vs. Washington
    Field goal55, Rodrigo Blankenship, Georgia vs. Oklahoma

    Note: When there is a tie, the most recent one will be listed.

    Rose Bowl Hall of Fame[edit]

    Inductees (by year)[72]

    • – C.W. "Bump" Elliott, Michigan; W.W. "Woody" Hayes, Ohio State; Howard Jones, USC; Jim Plunkett, Stanford
    • – Archie Griffin, Ohio State; Bob Reynolds, Stanford; Neil Snow, Michigan; Wallace Wade, Brown, Alabama, & Duke; Charles White, USC
    • – Rex Kern, Ohio State; John McKay, USC; Ernie Nevers, Stanford; Roy Riegels, California; Bob Schloredt, Washington; John Sciarra, UCLA; Russell Stein, Washington & Jefferson; Charley Trippi, Georgia; Ron Vander Kelen, Wisconsin; George Wilson, Washington
    • – Frank Albert, Stanford; Bob Chappuis, Michigan; Sam Cunningham, USC; Bill Daddio, Pittsburgh; Bob Griese, Purdue; Hollis Huntington, Oregon & Mare Island Marines; Shy Huntington, Oregon; Elmer Layden, Notre Dame; Jim Owens, Washington
    • – Frank Aschenbrenner, Northwestern; Dixie Howell, Alabama; Don Hutson, Alabama; Curly Morrison, Ohio State; Brick Muller, California; Julius Rykovich, Illinois; Bo Schembechler, Michigan; O. J. Simpson, USC; Bob Stiles, UCLA; Buddy Young, Illinois
    • – Vic Bottari, California; Jim Hardy, USC; Don James, Washington; Bob Jeter, Iowa; Lay Leishman, Tournament of Roses; Pat Richter, Wisconsin; Henry Russell "Red" Sanders, UCLA
    • – Gary Beban, UCLA; Dick Butkus, Illinois; Harry Gilmer, Alabama; Pat Haden, USC; Al Krueger, USC; Doyle Nave, USC; Ted Shipkey, Stanford
    • – Eric Ball, UCLA; Pete Beathard, USC; John Ferraro, USC; Stan Hahn, Tournament of Roses; John Ralston, Stanford; Bill Tate, Illinois
    • – Terry Donahue, UCLA; Jim Grabowski, Illinois; Warren Moon, Washington; Erny Pinckert, USC; Ken Ploen, Iowa; Sandy Stephens, Minnesota
    • – Jack Crabtree, Oregon; Don Durdan, Oregon State; J.K. McKay, USC; Rick Neuheisel, UCLA; Bill Nicholas, Tournament of Roses; Butch Woolfolk, Michigan
    • – Al Hoisch, UCLA; Keith Jackson, ABC Sports; Dave Kaiser, Michigan State
    • – Johnny Mack Brown, Alabama; Marv Goux, USC
    • – No inductees
    • – Ambrose "Amblin' Amby" Schindler, USC; Mel Anthony, Michigan
    • – Harriman Cronk, Tournament of Roses; Danny O'Neil, Oregon; John Robinson, USC
    • – Alan Ameche, Wisconsin; Rudy Bukich, USC; Wayne Duke, Big Ten; Jim Stivers, Tournament of Roses
    • – Richard N. Frank, Lawry's Restaurants (Beef Bowl); Curt Gowdy, Sports Broadcaster
    • – Steve Emtman, Washington; Rube Samuelsen, Sports Journalist; Jeff Van Raaphorst, Arizona State
    • – Pete Johnson, Ohio State; Tom Ramsey, UCLA; Dennis Swanson, Television Executive
    • – Keyshawn Johnson, USC; Virgil "Virg" Lubberden, USC (administrator); Chuck Ortmann, Michigan
    • – Barry Alvarez, Wisconsin; Tom Hansen, Pacific Conference; John Hicks, Ohio State
    • – Brad Budde, USC; Hayden Fry, Iowa; Leroy Keyes, Purdue
    • – Ron Dayne, Wisconsin; Dick Enberg, NBC; George Fleming, Washington
    • – John Cooper, Arizona State and Ohio State; Brian Griese, Michigan; and Ron Yary, USC
    • – Lloyd Carr, Michigan; Orlando Pace, Ohio State; Lynn Swann, USC
    • – Knute Rockne, Notre Dame; Dick Vermeil, UCLA and Ki-Jana Carter, Penn State[73]
    • – Mark Brunell, Washington; Jim Muldoon (Pac); Fritz Pollard, Brown; and Tyrone Wheatley, Michigan[74]
    • – Bobby Bell, Minnesota; Ricky Ervins, USC; Tommy Prothro, UCLA and Art Spander, UCLA[75]
    • – Mack Brown, Texas; Cade McNown, UCLA; Charles Woodson, Michigan; and Dr. Charles West, Washington & Jefferson
    • – George Halas, Great Lakes Navy; Randall McDaniel, Arizona State; Pop Warner, Stanford; Vince Young, Texas
    • – Eddie Casey, Harvard; Cornelius Greene, Ohio State; Matt Leinart, USC; Jacque Robinson, University of Washington[76]
    • – None
    • – Anthony Davis, USC; Jim Delany, Big Ten Conference; Ron Simpkins, Michigan

    All-Century Class[edit]

    The Rose Bowl Game All-Century Class was announced on December 28, [77]

    They are:

    In addition to being named as All-Century representatives for their respective decades, John McKay and Archie Griffin were named the th Rose Bowl Game All-Century Coach and Player respectively.

    The finalists:

    • – Paddy Driscoll (Great Lakes Navy, ), Neil Snow (Michigan, ) and George Halas (Great Lakes Navy, )[78]
    • – Ernie Nevers (Stanford, ), Elmer Layden (Notre Dame, ) and Johnny Mack Brown (Alabama, )[79]
    • – Millard "Dixie" Howell (Alabama, ), Don Hutson (Alabama, ) and Howard Jones (USC, , –33, –40)[80]
    • – Bob Chappuis (Michigan, ), Harry Gilmer (Alabama, ) and Charley Trippi (Georgia, )[81]
    • – Alan Ameche (Wisconsin, ),
    Источник: [casinoextra.fr]

    Rose Bowl (stadium)

    Outdoor athletic stadium, in Pasadena, California, United States

    "Rose Bowl Stadium" redirects here. For the cricket stadium, see Rose Bowl (cricket ground). For other uses, see Rose Bowl (disambiguation).

    Rose Bowl (stadium) casinoextra.fr
     Over the Rose Bowl, Pasadena, CA USA () (cropped).jpg

    Aerial view from south in

    Rose Bowl Stadium is located in California
    Rose Bowl Stadium

    Rose Bowl Stadium

    Location in California

    Show map of California
    Rose Bowl Stadium is located in the United States
    Rose Bowl Stadium

    Rose Bowl Stadium

    Location in the United States

    Show map of the United States
    Address Rose Bowl Drive
    LocationPasadena, California, United States
    Coordinates34°09′40″N°10′05″W / °N °W / ; Coordinates: 34°09′40″N°10′05″W / °N °W / ;
    Public transitcasinoextra.frL Line&#; Memorial Park (via shuttle bus)
    OwnerCity of Pasadena
    OperatorRose Bowl Operating Company
    Capacity88,
    Record&#;attendance,[1]
    ( Rose Bowl)
    SurfaceGrass
    Broke ground[2]
    OpenedOctober 28,
    first Rose Bowl game:
    January 1,
    Construction cost$,
    ($&#;million in [3])
    ArchitectMyron Hunt[4]
    Rose Bowl Game (NCAA) –present
    Caltech Beavers (NCAA) –
    Loyola Lions (NCAA)
    CSULA Diablos –, –
    Los Angeles Wolves (NASL)
    Pasadena Bowl –, –
    Los Angeles Aztecs (NASL) –
    UCLA Bruins (NCAA) –present
    Los Angeles Galaxy (MLS) –

    The Rose Bowl

    U.S. National Register of Historic Places

    U.S. National Historic Landmark

    Rose Bowl, casinoextra.fr

    Panorama in October , hosting Arizona

    NRHP&#;reference&#;No.[5]
    Added to NRHPFebruary 27,
    Designated&#;NHLFebruary 27, [6]

    The Rose Bowl[a] is an outdoor athletic stadium located in Pasadena, California. Opened in October , the stadium is recognized as a National Historic Landmark and a California Historic Civil Engineering landmark.[6] At a modern capacity of an all-seated configuration at 92,,[10] the Rose Bowl is the 16th-largest stadium in the world, the 11th-largest stadium in the United States, and the 10th-largest NCAA stadium. The stadium is 10 miles northeast of downtown Los Angeles.

    One of the most famous venues in sporting history,[11] the Rose Bowl is best known as a college football venue, specifically as the host of the annual Rose Bowl Game for which it is named. Since , it has served as the home stadium of the UCLA Bruins football team. Five Super Bowl games, third most of any venue, have been played in the stadium. The Rose Bowl is a noted soccer venue, having hosted the FIFA World Cup Final, FIFA Women's World Cup Final, and the Olympic Soccer Gold Medal Match, as well as numerous CONCACAF and United States Soccer Federation matches.[12]

    The stadium and adjacent Brookside Golf and Country Club are owned by the city of Pasadena and managed by the Rose Bowl Operating Company, a non-profit organization whose board is selected by council members of the city of Pasadena. UCLA and the Pasadena Tournament of Roses also have one member on the company board.

    History[edit]

    Design and construction[edit]

    Construction in ; note the original horseshoe shape

    Through January , the bowl now known as the Rose Bowl Game was played at Tournament Park, about 3 miles (&#;km) southeast, adjacent to the campus of the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). The Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association, the game's organizer, realized the temporary stands were inadequate for a crowd of more than 40,, and sought to build a better, permanent stadium.

    The stadium was designed by architect Myron Hunt in His design was influenced by the Yale Bowl in New Haven, Connecticut, which opened in The Arroyo Seco was selected as the location for the stadium. The Rose Bowl was under construction from Feb. 27, to October [13][14] The nearby Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum also was under construction during this time and would be completed in May , shortly after the Rose Bowl was completed. Originally built as a horseshoe, the stadium was expanded several times. The southern stands were completed in , enclosing the stadium into a complete bowl.

    The field's alignment is nearly north–south, offset slightly northwest, and the elevation at street level is approximately feet (&#;m) above sea level.

    The stadium's name was alternatively "Tournament of Roses Stadium" or "Tournament of Roses Bowl", until being settled as "Rose Bowl" before the Rose Bowl game,[15] in reference to the unusually named (at the time) Yale Bowl.

    The stadium can be very difficult to access due to the traffic caused by single-lane residential street access. It has no dedicated parking lot for visitors and parking issues have routinely caused visitors to spend two to three hours completing the last mile to the stadium on game days. In , Rose Bowl contracted ParkJockey to streamline parking in and around the stadium. When constructed, the majority of visitors arrived to the bowl via the Pacific Electric interurban streetcar system; however, this service ended in

    There are also shuttles to help visitors get to the stadium and mobile lights powered by generators to provide visibility for people walking on the golf course at night.

    Dedication[edit]

    The first game was a regular season contest in , when California defeated USC12–0 on October This was the only loss for USC and Cal finished the season undefeated. California declined the invitation to the Rose Bowl game and USC went instead. The stadium was dedicated officially on January 1, , when USC defeated Penn State14–3.

    Seating[edit]

    The stadium seating has been reconfigured several times since its construction in The South end was filled in to complete the bowl and more seats have been added. The original wooden benches were replaced by aluminum benches in All new grandstand and loge seats had been installed since [16] New red seat backs had been added on 22, seats prior to the Rose Bowl.[16] A Rose Bowl improvement was conducted because of UCLA's move and the Summer Olympics. This resulted in new seat backs for 50, seats.[16]

    For many years, the Rose Bowl had the largest football stadium capacity in the United States, eventually being surpassed by Michigan Stadium (,).[17][18] The Rose Bowl's maximum stated seating capacity was , from to [16] Some of the seats closest to the field were never used during this time for UCLA regular season games, and were covered by tarps. Official capacity was lowered following the Rose Bowl. Slightly different figures are given for the current capacity, for the lower-level seats behind the team benches are not used for some events since the spectators can not see through the standing players or others on the field. UCLA reports the capacity at 91,[19] The Tournament of Roses reports the capacity at 92,[20] The Rose Bowl game, which was also the BCS championship game, had a crowd of 93,[21] In the contest between TCU and Wisconsin, the listed attendance is 94, As of , the Rose Bowl is the 11th largest football stadium, and is still the largest stadium that hosts post-season bowl games.[22] For concerts held there, the Rose Bowl holds almost 60, people. The stadium's remodeling removed the lower "lettered row" seats on each side behind the players' benches and provided access in and out of the stadium for the lower sections of the Rose Bowl, restoring its original design.

    For the season, UCLA began using a tarp to decrease capacity and cover the north upper end zone, the tarp spells out U-C-L-A with advertisements on the side. This brought official capacity down to 69, seats.[23]

    Renovations[edit]

    Exterior of the Rose Bowl stadium before the renovation

    The press box was updated before the Rose Bowl with an elevator and two rows. The cost was $, The Press Box was refurbished for UCLA's move in and the Summer Olympics.[16] In and , the press box was undergoing renovation as part of the larger renovation originally budgeted at $ million in [24] Costs had increased to $ million during construction.[25] Work proceeded during the football season, and was expected to be completed before the UCLA Bruins' first home game in [25] Some unforeseen problems had been encountered due to the stadium's age and some renovations done in the early s.[25] Most of the planned renovations were completed in Because of the increased construction cost, items deferred for the future are additional new restrooms, the historic field hedge, new entry-gate structures, ribbon boards & additional new concession stands. The stadium has started "The Brick Campaign" to help pay for some of the cost of the renovations.[26] The Brick Campaign, completed in , features a large logo of the Pasadena Tournament of Roses and the donor bricks arranged by universities in front of the south main entrance to the stadium. A large 30 feet (&#;m) tall by 77 feet (23&#;m) wide LED video display board was added to the north end of the stadium as a part of the renovation.

    Court of Champions and Rose Plaza[edit]

    The Court of Champions is at the stadium's south end. Rose Bowl game records along with the names of the coaches and the MVP players, are shown on the plaques attached to the exterior wall. The Hall of Fame statue is also at the Court of Champions. The renovation allows more plaques to be placed on the wall and floor for future games. The statue of Jackie Robinson, who played football with Pasadena City College, was dedicated in In , Brandi Chastain's statue was added outside of the south gate. The statue portrays Brandi in her celebration of her winning penalty kick in the FIFA Women's World Cup final, where she exposed her sports bra after removing her jersey.[27] The image of her celebration was described in The New York Times as "most iconic photograph ever taken of a female athlete",[28] and it has been considered one of the more famous photographs of a woman celebrating an athletic victory.[29][30] To honor Keith Jackson, the longtime ABC broadcaster who had called many games from the Rose Bowl, was unveiled on December 14, , at the stadium's Rose Plaza. The commemorative bricks are located in front of Gate A. There are sections reserved for the City of Pasadena, Tournament of Roses, Rose Bowl, and each school of the Pac and Big Ten conferences.

    Terry Donahue Pavilion[edit]

    The seven-story Terry Donahue Pavilion is named for the former UCLA football head coach, who was the most successful coach in UCLA and Pac history. It houses the press boxes, broadcast booths, premium seating, boxes and suites. There are 54 luxury suites, 48 loge boxes, 1, club seats, state-of-the-art press boxes and a new broadcast center. The previous press box was replaced by a new self-contained media area capable of accommodating credentialed working press facility along with a separate level dedicated to game day operations, including TV and radio broadcasting, instant replay booths, coaching staffs and an emergency command center.[31] The radio and TV booths were renamed "The Keith Jackson Broadcast Center" in December Jackson, the former ABC-TV sportscaster, coined the phrase "The Granddaddy of Them All" for the Rose Bowl game.[32]

    Venue rankings[edit]

    In , Sports Illustrated listed the Rose Bowl at number 20 in the Top 20 Venues of the 20th Century.[33] In , Sports Illustrated named the Rose Bowl the number one venue in college sports.[34]

    [edit]

    Rose Bowl Game[edit]

    Main article: Rose Bowl Game

    The Rose Bowl stadium is best known in the U.S. for its hosting of the Rose Bowl, a postseasoncollege football game. The game is played after the Tournament of Roses Parade on New Year's Day, or, if January 1 is a Sunday, on Monday, January 2. The stadium's name has given rise to the term "bowl game" for postseason football games, regardless of whether they are played in a bowl-shaped or "Bowl"-named stadium. The Rose Bowl Game is commonly referred to as "The Granddaddy of Them All" because of its stature as the oldest of all the bowl games. The visual of the afternoon sun setting on the San Gabriel Mountains on New Year's Day is recognized as an important part of the tradition of the game.[35][36][37] Since , the Rose Bowl has been the highest attended college football bowl game.[38]

    Since its opening, the Rose Bowl stadium has hosted the bowl game every year except in and The Rose Bowl was moved to Durham, North Carolina, at the campus of Duke University. Duke, which played in the game on January 1, volunteered to host the contest because of security concerns on the West Coast in the weeks following the attack on Pearl Harbor.[39][40] The Rose Bowl was played at AT&T Stadium in Arlington, Texas due to capacity restrictions in place in California due to the COVID Pandemic.

    BCS National Championship[edit]

    Main article: BCS National Championship Game

    Starting with the season, the Rose Bowl became part of the Bowl Championship Series (BCS). The and games also were the BCS Championship games, matching the #1 and #2 BCS teams in the nation. The BCS National Championship Game was played six days after the Rose Bowl game as a completely separate event from the Tournament of Roses, though it managed the event. The stadium hosted the BCS National Championship Game, the final game before the BCS was replaced by the current College Football Playoff, when it celebrated its th anniversary of the Rose Bowl game.[41]

    Note: *USC later vacated all wins during the season.

    [edit]

    Main article: College Football Championship Game

    The Rose Bowl Game is one of the six primary bowls of the College Football Playoff (CFP), which replaced the BCS effective with the season. Every three years, the Rose Bowl will match two of the top four teams selected by the system's selection committee to compete for a spot at the national championship game. The first CFP semifinal game at the Rose Bowl was the Rose Bowl, whose winner advanced to the championship game on January 12 at AT&T Stadium in Texas. AT&T Stadium later hosted the Rose Bowl, also a CFP semifinal, with limited attendance due to the COVID pandemic.

    Though the Rose Bowl is eligible to bid on hosting the College Football PlayoffChampionship Game in years it is not hosting a semifinal, it has no plans to do so.[42]

    [edit]

    Main article: UCLA Bruins football

    Previous edition of Rose Bowl records at Hall of Champions
    UCLA–USC football game at the Rose Bowl; the edition marked a return to the tradition of both teams wearing home jerseys

    The Rose Bowl stadium has been the home football field for UCLA since [19] The UCLA Bruins had played their home games at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum since There was an attempt to build a 44,seat stadium on campus, at the site where Drake Stadium eventually was built. However, the proposal was blocked by influential area residents, as well as some politicians.[43][44]

    At the start of the NFL season, with the Oakland Raiders scheduled to move into the Coliseum, UCLA decided to relocate its home games to the Rose Bowl Stadium.[45] The Bruins went on to play two straight Rose Bowl games in their new home stadium, the Rose Bowl and the Rose Bowl. UCLA has participated in five Rose Bowl games since moving to the stadium. The stadium is the host of the UCLA–USC rivalry football game on even numbered years, alternating with the Coliseum. In the first rivalry game at the stadium between UCLA and USC in , USC fans sat on the west side of the stadium and UCLA fans sat on the east side of the stadium, mirroring an arrangement that existed when the teams shared the Coliseum. Both teams also wore their home uniforms. In , USC fans were moved to the end zone seats, which ended the tradition of shared stadium. Because of the shared arrangement, and the participation of USC in a number of Rose Bowl games, both schools have winning records in each other's home stadium. The Bruins travel 26 miles from campus to Pasadena to play home games, but only 14 miles to their biggest road game at USC every other year.[43]

    [edit]

    Caltech, a university located in Pasadena, played most home games in the Rose Bowl from the time of its construction until the school dropped football in Caltech jovially claimed to play before the greatest number of empty seats in the nation.[46]

    Junior Rose Bowl[edit]

    The stadium hosted the Junior Rose Bowl from to and to Between and and and , the game pitted the California Junior College football champions against the NJCAA football champions for the national championship. It was organized by the Pasadena Junior Chamber of Commerce. The Junior Rose Bowl became the Pasadena Bowl from to ; it was billed as the Junior Rose Bowl the first two years, but instead two teams from the NCAA College Division competed (then later the University Division, usually featuring teams that were not invited to other major bowls).

    Army–Navy game[edit]

    The Rose Bowl stadium is the only site west of the Mississippi River to host an Army–Navy Game (). The city of Pasadena paid for the traveling expenses of all the students and supporters of both the U.S. Naval Academy and U.S. Military Academy.[47] The attendance was 81,[48][49] The game was brought to the Rose Bowl as there are a large number of military installations and servicemen and women, along with many retired military personnel, on the West Coast.[47] The game has been held in multiple locations, but outside the game in Chicago and this game, it has been played in the Northeast megalopolis, most frequently in Philadelphia, followed by the New York area and the Baltimore–Washington area.

    Super Bowl[edit]

    Main article: Super Bowl

    The stadium has hosted the Super Bowl five times. The first was Super Bowl XI in January , when the Oakland Raiders beat the Minnesota Vikings 32&#; The game was also played there in (XIV), (XVII), (XXI) and (XXVII). The Rose Bowl is one of two venues (with Stanford Stadium) to host a Super Bowl though having never served as the full-time home stadium for an NFL or AFL team (Stanford Stadium hosted one San Francisco 49ers game after the Loma Prieta earthquake).

    Season Date Super Bowl Visiting team Points Home team Points Spectators
    January 9, XIOakland Raiders32Minnesota Vikings14,
    January 20, XIVLos Angeles Rams19Pittsburgh Steelers31,
    January 30, XVIIMiami Dolphins17Washington Redskins27,
    January 25, XXIDenver Broncos20New York Giants39,
    January 31, XXVIIBuffalo Bills17Dallas Cowboys52&#; 98,

    Because the NFL has a policy limiting the hosting of a Super Bowl to metropolitan areas with NFL teams, the Super Bowl has not been played at the Rose Bowl since the Rams and Raiders departed the Los Angeles area in The most recent Super Bowl held in Southern California was XXXVII in San Diego in January The next L.A.-based Super Bowl (LVI) is scheduled for February at the Rams' and Chargers' SoFi Stadium in Inglewood (the Rams returned to Los Angeles in , the Chargers the following year).

    See also: History of the National Football League in Los Angeles

    Although proposed, no NFL team has called the Rose Bowl a regular season home. After losing both its local teams in the Los Angeles market in , the National Football League began looking to either start or relocate a franchise to the Los Angeles area. The closest the Rose Bowl came to being the home of an NFL team was in when the Seattle Seahawks announced a relocation to Los Angeles with the Rose Bowl as their planned stadium but the move was blocked by the NFL.[50] After many years of varying offers, no deal could be struck between the NFL owners, the stadium's owner, and the City of Pasadena, following a vote of disapproval by its residents in November [51]

    On November 19, , Pasadena officials approved a proposal which could have allowed an NFL team to temporarily play in the Rose Bowl.[52][53] The Rose Bowl, however, never ended up acting as a home field for an NFL team. When the Los Angeles Rams moved from St. Louis prior to the NFL season, the Rose Bowl was considered as a temporary home before the Rams ultimately settled on playing in USC's Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, the Rams' home from to The Los Angeles Chargers went to Dignity Health Sports Park as their temporary venue in

    Soccer[edit]

    Though best known as an American football stadium, the Rose Bowl is also one of the most decorated soccer (association football) venues in the world. The stadium hosted the prestigious FIFA World Cup Final (an event watched by over million people worldwide), the FIFA Women's World Cup Final (the most attended women's soccer match in history), and the Olympic Gold Medal Match, making it the only venue in the world to host all three of international soccer's major championship matches.[54] The United States men's national soccer team has played 17 games in the Rose Bowl, the fourth most of any venue. It has hosted 5 U.S. women's national team matches. It has also hosted MLS Cup and the and CONCACAF Gold Cup Finals. Mexico has played a number of friendlies in the stadium against nations other than the United States.

    In the past, it was also the home ground of two North American Soccer League clubs, the Los Angeles Wolves in and the Los Angeles Aztecs in and From through , the stadium was the home ground of Major League Soccer club Los Angeles Galaxy.[55]

    Major soccer tournaments[edit]

    The Rose Bowl is one of two stadiums to have hosted the FIFA World Cup finals for both men and women. The Rose Bowl hosted the men's final in and the women's final in (The only other stadium with this honor is the Råsunda Stadium near Stockholm, Sweden, which hosted the men's final in and the women's final in ) Both Rose Bowl finals were scoreless after double extra time and decided on penalty shootouts; Brazil beating Italy in the FIFA World Cup Final 3&#;2, and the United States beating China in the women's final 5&#;4.[56][57]

    The Rose Bowl also hosted group stage matches of the Copa América Centenario in [58] It also hosted several matches including the final of the Olympics men's soccer tournament. On July 27, , the Rose Bowl hosted a International Champions Cup match between Chelsea and Liverpool. Chelsea won the match 1–0. The Rose Bowl also hosted a International Champions Cup match between F.C. Barcelona and Tottenham Hotspur where Barcelona won 5–3 in penalty kicks after a 2–2 draw. It has also regularly featured CONCACAF Gold Cup matches including two finals.

    The Rose Bowl is a candidate to host matches in the FIFA World Cup, and will be a venue in the Summer Olympics.[59]

    FIFA World Cup[edit]

    FIFA Women's World Cup[edit]

    Other events and usage[edit]

    Pasadena events[edit]

    4th of July Fireworks over the Rose Bowl

    The Rose Bowl has hosted the Pasadena "Americafest" Independence Day celebration annually since [60] The annual fireworks show is considered one of the top fireworks shows in the nation. Another local event is the Rose Bowl Flea Market held the second Sunday of each month, on the stadium parking lots. Hosted by promoter R.G. Canning, it claims to be the largest Flea market on the West Coast.[61] The stadium host the annual "Turkey Tussle" homecoming football game between John Muir High School and Pasadena High School, in early November. The Rose Bowl hosted its annual graduation ceremonies for Blair High School, John Muir High School and Pasadena High School until , before staging it at the individual schools until Currently all three high schools along with John Marshall Fundamental Secondary School hold their graduation ceremonies at the Pasadena Civic Auditorium in early June until On June 4, , the Pasadena Unified School District used the Rose Bowl to hold their high school graduation ceremonies for all four high schools, along with Rose City High School and Center for Independent Studies.

    Summer Olympics[edit]

    Main article: Cycling at the Summer Olympics

    The Rose Bowl was the track cycling venue for the Summer Olympics.[62]

    Concerts[edit]

    Date Performer(s) Opening act(s) Tour/Event Attendance Notes
    September 15, [63]Big Brother and the Holding CompanyN/A N/A N/A N/A
    June 6, [64][65]N/A Peace Sunday: We Have a Dream N/A N/A
    July 2, [66]JourneyBlue Öyster Cult
    Triumph
    Aldo Nova
    Escape Tour83, N/A
    August 1, [67]N/A Budweiser Superfest N/A N/A
    June 18, [68]Depeche ModeOrchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark
    Thomas Dolby
    Music for the Masses Tour60, The concert was filmed and recorded for the group's documentary-concert film and live album . The show also marked the first ever "waving wheat" arm movement by fans in attendance during "Never Let Me Down Again" live performances.
    June 27, [69]The CureCranes
    Dinosaur Jr.
    Wish Tour 35, The show attracted the lowest attendance for a single concert in the history of the stadium.
    October 3, [70]Metallica & Guns N' RosesMotörheadGuns N' Roses/Metallica Stadium Tour68, Comedian Andrew Dice Clay opened for Guns N' Roses and introduced the band when they came onstage.
    January 31, Michael JacksonN/A Super Bowl XXVII halftime show N/A N/A
    July 31, Juan GabrielN/A N/A N/A Becomes the first Latin American singer to perform at the Rose Bowl.
    April 16, [71]Pink FloydN/A The Division Bell Tour, The band became the first ever act to perform two consecutive nights at the stadium.
    April 17, [71]
    July 17, [72]Kenny G
    Whitney Houston
    N/A FIFA World Cup closing ceremony N/A N/A
    October 19, [73]The Rolling StonesRed Hot Chili Peppers
    Buddy Guy
    Voodoo Lounge Tour,
    October 21, [73]
    January 21, [74]EaglesSheryl CrowHell Freezes Over Tour 60, N/A
    June 27, Lilith FairN/A Tour N/A N/A
    July 10, Jennifer LopezN/A FIFA Women's World Cup closing ceremony N/A N/A
    July 17, [75]Lilith FairN/A Tour N/A N/A
    June 9, [76]'N SyncP!nkNo Strings Attached TourN/A N/A
    July 24, [77]Eden's Crush
    Samantha Mumba
    PopOdyssey62, N/A
    June 15, [78]Various artists N/A Wango TangoN/A N/A
    May 17, [78]
    May 15, [78]
    October 25, [79]U2The Black Eyed PeasU2 ° Tour97, The concert was streamed on the group's official YouTube channel, and also filmed for the band's concert film U° at the Rose Bowl. The show also attracted the highest attendance for a single concert in the history of the stadium.
    July 28, [80]Justin Timberlake
    Jay Z
    DJ CassidyLegends of the Summer63, N/A
    August 2, Beyoncé
    Jay Z
    N/A On the Run Tour96, N/A
    August 3,
    August 7, Eminem
    Rihanna
    N/A The Monster Tour, N/A
    August 8,
    September 11, One Direction5 Seconds of Summer
    Jamie Scott
    Where We Are Tour, During the performance on September 13, the band performed a cover of "Happy Birthday" by Mildred J. Hill dedicated to Niall; and also of "I Gotta Feeling" by The Black Eyed Peas, "Beautiful Girls" by Sean Kingston, "Stand by Me" by Ben E. King and "Rock Your Body" by Justin Timberlake, along with a snippet of "I Want". The band also became the first ever act to perform three consecutive nights at the stadium.
    September 12,
    September 13,
    July 25, Kenny Chesney
    Jason Aldean
    Brantley Gilbert
    Cole Swindell
    Old Dominion
    The Big Revival Tour
    Burn It Down Tour
    53, N/A
    May 14, Beyoncé DJ KhaledThe Formation World Tour55, Big Sean, Yo Gotti, Ne-Yo, Ty Dolla $ign, Fat Joe, Remy Ma, Trey Songz, and Snoop Dogg joined DJ Khaled during the opening act. Beyoncé becomes the first female headliner at the stadium.[81]
    August 20, ColdplayBishop Briggs
    Alessia Cara
    Stargate
    A Head Full of Dreams Tour, The concert was streamed in China and the Philippines.[82]
    August 21, Bishop Briggs
    Alessia Cara
    N/A
    May 20, U2 The LumineersThe Joshua Tree Tour , N/A
    May 21, N/A
    July 29, Metallica Avenged Sevenfold
    Gojira
    WorldWired Tour60, N/A
    September 16, [83]Green DayCatfish and the BottlemenRevolution Radio Tour36, [84]
    October 6, [85]Coldplay Tove Lo
    Alina Baraz
    A Head Full of Dreams Tour 64, The proceeds from these shows went towards the relief efforts for the Central Mexico earthquake.[86]
    May 18, [87]Taylor SwiftCamila Cabello
    Charli XCX
    Taylor Swift's reputation Stadium Tour, Shawn Mendes was the surprise guest. Swift performed "There's Nothing Holdin' Me Back" with Shawn.
    May 19, Troye Sivan and Selena Gomez were the surprise guests. Swift performed "My My My!" with Troye and "Hands To Myself" with Selena.
    August 18, [88]Ed SheeranSnow Patrol
    Anne-Marie
    ÷ Tour62, N/A
    September 22, Beyoncé
    Jay Z
    Chloe X Halle and DJ KhaledOn the Run II Tour, N/A
    September 23, N/A
    May 4, [89]BTSN/A BTS World Tour Love Yourself: Speak Yourself, Becomes the first South Korean act to perform at The Rose Bowl.[90]
    May 5, [91]
    August 22, The Rolling Stones KaleoNo Filter Tour56, This concert was originally scheduled to take place on May 11,
    Cancelled BTSN/A Map of the Soul TourBTS’ second stadium tour. Originally scheduled to take place on May 2, 3, and 5 of , but was postponed and later cancelled due to the COVID pandemic.
    Cancelled N/A
    Cancelled N/A
    Cancelled Justin BieberKehlani
    Jaden Smith
    Changes TourJustin Bieber's fourth concert tour. Originally scheduled to take place on May 29, , but was postponed and eventually renamed to the Justice World Tour due to the COVID pandemic. The Rose Bowl date got cancelled and instead instead 2 dates were given to casinoextra.fr Arena in Los Angeles and 1 to The Forum in Inglewood.

    Other events[edit]

    The stadium was used for midget car racing in the s.[92]

    The stadium held its first country music festival in June , named A Day in the Country The event was produced by Richard Flanzer of AtlanticPacific Music.

    The stadium hosted the Drum Corps International World Championships August 7 through August 11, The Rose Bowl was the final stadium to host the championship before DCI moved their corporate offices to Indianapolis with the championships being held at Lucas Oil Stadium until at least This was the first (and only) time the DCI championships had ever been held west of Denver, Colorado in the year history of DCI.

    It hosted auditions for the top American television show, American Idol, on August 8, The stadium has also been used as part of the music video shoot for the song "The Last Song", the second single released by the American rock band The All-American Rejects, which features the band performing the song in the middle of the stadium to an empty crowd.

    The stadium's Court of Champions was the site of a "Roadblock" from seventeenth season of the CBS reality TV show The Amazing Race where teams had to help decorate three sections of the theme float for the New Year's Day Rose Parade.[93]

    In November , the International Churches of Christ (Los Angeles) gathered at the Rose Bowl for their Worship Service, with an attendance of 17,[94]

    The Brookside Golf Course hosted the Los Angeles Open on the PGA Tour in , won by Billy Casper in late January.[95]

    The Rose Bowl was used for high school graduation ceremonies for the Alhambra Unified School District's Alhambra High School, Mark Keppel High School and San Gabriel High School on May 27, , La Cañada Unified School District's La Cañada High School on June 3, , and Glendale Unified School District's Glendale High School and Herbert Hoover High School on June 10, , and Crescenta Valley High School on June 11, , instead of holding at their respective campuses due to the COVID restrictions.

    Present status[edit]

    The Rose Bowl and adjacent golf course are managed by the Rose Bowl Operating Company, a non-profit organization whose board is selected by council members of the City of Pasadena. UCLA and the Pasadena Tournament of Roses also have one member on the company board. In it was reported that Rose Bowl stadium itself runs on a yearly operational loss.[51] While it generated funds with the annual lease with UCLA ($ million), the Tournament of Roses ($,), and a regularly hosted flea market ($,), it makes up the loss by relying on funds generated by the adjacent city-owned golf course ($2 million).[51] The stadium at the time was unable to finance many of the capital improvements it needed to be considered a modern facility, including new seats, wider aisles, additional exits, a wider concourse, a renovated press box, a state-of-the-art video scoreboard, new field lighting, ribbon boards, extra suites and a club. The estimated cost for such improvements ranges from $&#;million and $&#;million.[51] The stadium had long-term leases with its two major tenants, the Pasadena Tournament of Roses () and UCLA (). In , the Rose Bowl and the City of Pasadena launched a $&#;million capital improvement program that benefited both UCLA and the Tournament of Roses. New locker rooms for both UCLA and visiting teams, as well as a new media interview area were constructed.[19] The USC Athletic department attempted to negotiate with the Rose Bowl to play games there in , out of concerns that the Los Angeles Coliseum Commission would not negotiate, in a decade-long rent impasse between the commission and the university.[97]

    In April , The Rose Bowl Operating Company unveiled a Rose Bowl Strategic Plan, which addressed the objectives to improve public safety; enhance fan experience; maintain national historic landmark status; develop revenue sources to fund long-term improvements; and enhance facility operations. On October 11, , the Pasadena City Council approved a $ million financing plan for the major renovation of the stadium.[98] Groundbreaking ceremonies for the first of three phases of the project were held on January 25, The newly constructed video board was used for the June 25, CONCACAF Gold Cup Final. The costs increased as the project went on, and by December were estimated at $ Million and the project to be completed by [99] The Rose Bowl and UCLA leases were extended to and respectively.[99][] The renovations were completed in [31] In , the Rose Bowl reported a profit of $,[] However, golf course usage has declined year after year, and UCLA football attendance has waned.[] The stadium had reported $ million in outstanding debt at the beginning of [] The Rose Bowl is limited by law to 15 major events per year. But it can host an unlimited number of small events, such as weddings, for which it made $ million in []

    Notable dates[edit]

    Seating and attendance records[edit]

    • Rose Bowl Game records: Rose Bowl, January 1, , Attendance: , Number 1 ranked and undefeated USC vs. number 3 Ohio State. This is the stadium record, as well as the NCAA bowl game record.[1][19][38] The smallest Rose Bowl game crowd in the stadium was the Rose Bowl with 35, in attendance to see Columbia defeat Stanford.[38] Three days of rain had turned the stadium into a small lake, and it rained on New Year's Day in , one of the few times in the history of the tournament.[] The largest crowd to watch a Rose Bowl Game after the Rose Bowl and seating reconfiguration, was 95, in the Rose Bowl.
    • NFL Super Bowl record:Super Bowl XIV, Pittsburgh Steelers – Los Angeles Rams, January 20, , Attendance: , This is an NFL post-season record.[] This also stood as an overall NFL record until broken by a Pre-season game played at Estadio Azteca (Aztec Stadium) in Mexico City.[][]
    • Summer Olympics (Games of the XXIII Olympiad) Football (Soccer) Tournament – France defeated Brazil 2–0 in the final to win the gold medal on August The attendance was , setting a record for the largest crowd for a soccer game held in the United States (since broken by a Manchester United-Real Madrid exhibition at the Michigan Stadium in Ann Arbor, Michigan which drew ,). The attendance was also the Olympic football record until the Final of the Olympic Football Tournament at the Stadium Australia in Sydney which drew ,[]
    • College football regular season record:UCLA–USC, November 19, , Attendance: ,[] Undefeated second-ranked USC (9&#;0) and quarterback Rodney Peete met sixth-ranked UCLA (9&#;1) and quarterback Troy Aikman with a berth in the Rose Bowl Game on the line. Since the renovations, the largest regular season crowd was for the UCLA-USC game, with an attendance of 91,[] The largest attendance for a UCLA game, with an opponent other than USC, is 88,, for the game against the Michigan Wolverines.[] The lowest attendance with fans in seats for a UCLA regular season game was 32,, against Oregon State on November 7, [][] The first game played at the Rose Bowl, on October 28, , between USC and Cal had an attendance of 35,[] All four UCLA home games during the football season had an official attendance of zero, due to restrictions from the Impact of the COVID pandemic on sports.[]
    • Professional soccer record: June 16, In an historic doubleheader witnessed by 92, fans, the U.S. men's national team played Mexico for the championship of U.S. Cup, followed by the MLS conference leaders Los Angeles Galaxy vs. Tampa Bay Mutiny. The crowd was the largest ever to see a U.S. professional soccer league match.
    • FIFA World Cup:The final, held on July 17 saw Brazil defeat Italy after a penalty shootout. Attendance was 94,
    • FIFA Women's World Cup:The final on July 10, , was the most attended women's sports event in history with an official attendance of 90, The USA defeated China 5–4 in a penalty shootout.
    • CONCACAF Gold Cup: 93, fans saw Mexico defeating the United States 4–2 in the Gold Cup Championship match on June 25,
    • Soccer, exhibition match: On August 1, , an attendance of 93, showed up when FC Barcelona defeated the Los Angeles Galaxy 2–1 in an exhibition match, making it the largest soccer attendance in the United States since the World Cup.[] The Tour game between Manchester United vs. Los Angeles Galaxy had a crowd of 86, on July 23, , after recent renovation of the stadium.[]
    • Concert: British-Irish boy band One Direction played 3 sold out nights at the Rose Bowl in September on the same tour, making them the first act ever to accomplish this.

    Other notable dates[edit]

    See also[edit]

    Notes[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ ab NCAA Records book - Attendance RecordsArchived at the Wayback Machine page (PDF)
    2. ^"Dirt Moving For Great Stadium". Pasadena Star-News: March 4,
    3. ^McCusker, J. J. (). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States: Addenda et Corrigenda(PDF). American Antiquarian Society.McCusker, J. J. (). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States(PDF). American Antiquarian Society. –present: Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) –". Retrieved January 1,
    4. ^Charleton, James H. (October 18, ). "The Rose Bowl"(pdf). National Register of Historic Places – Inventory Nomination Form. National Park Service. Retrieved 21 May
    5. ^"National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. April 15,
    6. ^ abNational Historic Landmarks Program - Rose BowlArchived at the Wayback Machine United States National Park Service
    7. ^Perego, Dylan. "Rose Bowl named 'Spieker Field' after UCLA alum donates $10 million". casinoextra.fr. Retrieved 6 December
    8. ^Bolch, Ben (19 September ). "Donor of $10 million to have name put on hedges of Rose Bowl field". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 6 December
    9. ^Rose Bowl Stadium on Facebook. "Welcome to Spieker Field at the Rose Bowl Stadium, ladies and gentleman!". Retrieved 6 December
    10. ^"History". Rose Bowl Stadium. Rose Bowl Stadium. Retrieved 28 November
    11. ^"Famed Rose Bowl to host FC Barcelona v LA Galaxy". casinoextra.fr. FC Barcelona. Retrieved 9 July
    12. ^"Rose Bowl Stadium". casinoextra.fr. International Champions Cup. Archived from the original on 10 July Retrieved 9 July
    13. ^"Stadium saucer is begun by workmen". Pasadena Star-News: 7. February 28,
    14. ^"Vast Stadium Awaits Inaugural Throngs". Los Angeles Times. XLI: II 1. October 8,
    15. ^HUGE FLAGSTAFF FOR PASADENA. Enormous Steel Pole and ½ Feet Long Will Stand in Rose Bowl. Los Angeles Times, December 10, MONDAY afternoon at 2 o'clock the new flagstaff of the Tournament of Roses stadium, now called the Rose Bowl, will be put in place with suitable ceremony under auspices of the Pasadena Lions Club, donor of the pole.
    16. ^ abcdeDellins, Marc (), "The Rose Bowl", UCLA FOOTBALL MEDIA GUIDE, Los Angeles: UCLA Sports Information Office, p.&#;
    17. ^"Michigan Stadium Story". casinoextra.fr. Retrieved 29 July
    18. ^University of Michigan Official Athletics siteArchived at the Wayback Machine – Michigan Stadium
    19. ^ abcdUCLA Football – UCLA Football (Media Guide). UCLA Athletic Department (), page (PDF copy available at casinoextra.fr)
    20. ^Rose Bowl StadiumArchived at the Wayback Machine – History of the Rose Bowl Stadium
    21. ^Tournament of Roses Parade FAQsArchived at the Wayback Machine. The Rose Bowl Game is a contractual sellout. In , attendance was 93,
    22. ^Historic information on the Rose Bowl StadiumArchived at the Wayback Machine
    23. ^casinoextra.fr
    24. ^Toby Zwikel, Noah Gold, Brian Robin, Brener Zwikel & Associates, Inc – Pasadena City Council approves $ million renovation of iconic Rose Bowl City of Pasadena, October 12,
    25. ^ abcPiasecki, Joe – Renovation Costs at Rose Bowl now estimated at $ million. Los Angeles Times, September 23,
    26. ^Rose Bowl America's Stadium, Los Angeles Times Advertising Supplement, August 29,
    27. ^"Rose Bowl statue honors Brandi Chastain's '99 World Cup win". NBC Sports. July 11, Retrieved July 11,
    28. ^Jere Longman (July 5, ). "The Sports Bra Seen Round the World Has New Meaning 20 Years Later". New York Times.
    29. ^Jere Longman (July 5, ). "The Sports Bra Seen Round the World". New York Times.
    30. ^ Greatest Sports Photos of All Time #14
    31. ^ abSmith, Kevin - Rose Bowl is finally nearing completion on its $ million Renovation Pasadena Star News, August 28,
    32. ^Keith Jackson Broadcast CenterArchived at the Wayback Machine, casinoextra.fr, November 5,
    33. ^SI's Top 20 Venues of the 20th Century. Sports Illustrated, June 7, "The Rose Bowl is more a postcard than a stadium, designed to seduce pasty Midwesterners with the California fantasy. How many Big Ten fans tuned in on those wintry New Year's Days to gawk at the blooming bougainvillea and started packing their station wagons at halftime? "
    34. ^Top 10 College Sports Venues: Number 1 – Rose BowlSports Illustrated. Text: Mallory Rubin. July 13,
    35. ^Witz, Billy - In Pasadena, Moving the Rose Bowl Makes For Unusual Rancor - The New York Times (casinoextra.fr). New York Times, January 1,
    36. ^Mandel, Stewart - CFP may relocate from Rose Bowl due to California restrictions: Sources. The Athletic, December 14, This is “The Granddaddy of Them All” for a reason. The Big Ten may have 14 teams and the Big 12 may have 10, but the Rose Bowl on New Year’s Day has always made sense. Every CFP decision has been made around the Rose Bowl’s reluctance to part with its coveted 5 p.m. ET time slot - and that stunning sunset over the San Gabriel Mountains — so embedded in the sport is the game. - Matt Fortuna - staff writer
    37. ^Lapointe, Joe - ON COLLEGE FOOTBALL; The Rose Bowl Loses Some of Its Luster, but Mystique Lingers. New York Times, January 4,
    38. ^ abcNCAA Division 1 football records book. NCAA, Edition, pages Major Bowl Game Attendance
    39. ^"Rose Bowl Timeline". Pasadena Tournament of Roses. Archived from the original on Retrieved
    40. ^Zimmerman, Paul "Scene of Rose Bowl Shifted to Durham, N.C." Los Angeles Times, December 16, Perpetuation of the annual Rose Bowl intersectional football, classic was assured yesterday when the Tournament of Roses officials and Oregon State College accepted the hospitality of Duke University.
    41. ^Beth Harris, Vizio to be new Rose Bowl sponsor, AP via BusinessWeek, October 19,
    42. ^Fornelli, Tom. "Rose Bowl will not bid for College Football Playoff title game". CBS Sports. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 8 July
    43. ^ abCrowe, Jerry – "There goes the neighborhood: How UCLA stadium bid was scuttled."Los Angeles Times, November 16,
    44. ^Reich, Ken "Stadium for UCLA Given Support – Architect's Study Cites Project as 'Desirable' STADIUM SUPPORT". Los Angeles Times, November 18, UCLA officials--still reportedly trying to decide whether to recommend the building of a 44,seat football stadium on campus--have released details of an architectural feasibility study.
    45. ^UCLA History Project - This Month in History Aug. 18, … A gridiron home – includes a photograph of the Rose Bowl game from an overhead shot
    46. ^The Discovery of Anti-Matter: The autobiography of Carl David Anderson, The Youngest Man To Win the Nobel Prize. Published by World Scientific (ISBN&#;)
    47. ^ abClark, N. Brooks – This Week Sports Illustrated, December 5,
    48. ^No. 1 Army vs. Navy Athlon Sports
    49. ^Army Navy Football Score: Navy 42 – Army 13

      The Buckeyes are headed back to Pasadena, and they&#;re apparently packing their normal uniforms for the trip.

      The Ohio State football social media account tweeted out a teaser shot of the uniforms the Bucks will wear for the Rose Bowl.

      The center of the picture shows a circular Rose Bowl patch on the upper left section of the chest, just above the heart.

      However, in the corner, you can also see the black, white, and scarlet stripes of what has served as the team&#;s base uniform this season.

      It will be the first time OSU has worn scarlet in Pasadena since the Rose Bowl. The Buckeyes lost that game, , their only loss of the year.

      They wore their traditional road whites in the , , and Rose Bowls.

      There were rumors that the Buckeyes were going to wear their alternate jerseys with the gray shoulder stripes and black numbers on the shoulders for the Michigan game, but those proved to be untrue.

      The only time they wore alternate jerseys this season was when the team had all-black uniforms for the Nebraska game.

      It&#;s not clear if they will go with their traditional helmets for the Rose Bowl, or with something else.

      Odds are, they&#;ll go with the usual jersey and traditional helmet. That would mirror the look the team wore when Urban Meyer was a graduate assistant with the program in and

      With this being his final game as OSU head coach, it would be a fitting look in which for his team to send him out.

      If they did change up the helmets, it wouldn&#;t be the first time it happened.

      The Buckeyes opted for the mix-and-match route in the Michigan game, pairing the gray-striped jerseys with the all-black &#;Cannonball&#; helmets that they previously wore with the Chic Harley throwback jerseys.

      You can see the original tweet from the OSU football program about the Rose Bowl jersey below.

      Источник: [casinoextra.fr]

      Rose Bowl Game

      For the most recent game, see Rose Bowl.

      Annual US college gridiron football postseason game

      Rose Bowl Game
      presented by Capital One Venture X
      The Granddaddy of Them All
      Rose Bowl Game presented by Capital One casinoextra.fr

      Rose Bowl logo

      StadiumRose Bowl
      LocationPasadena, California
      Previous stadiumsTournament Park
      (, 2018 rose bowl uniforms, 2018 rose bowl uniforms venue
      Duke Stadium, Durham, North Carolina ()[a]
      AT&T Stadium, Arlington, Texas ()[b]
      Operated, –present
      Championship affiliation
      Conference tie-insBig Ten, Pacific Coast/Pac
      PayoutUS$35 million/conference (As of [update])[2]
      • Tournament East–West football game (, –)
      • Rose Bowl (–)
      • Rose Bowl presented by AT&T (–)
      • Rose Bowl presented by PlayStation 2 ()
      • Rose Bowl presented by Citi (–)
      • Rose Bowl presented by Vizio (–)
      • Rose Bowl Game presented by Northwestern Mutual (–)
      • Rose Bowl Game presented by Capital One ()
      Alabama vs. Notre Dame (Alabama 31–14)
      Utah vs. Ohio State (Ohio State 48–45)

      The Rose Bowl Game is an annual American college footballbowl game, usually played on January 1 (New Year's Day) at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California. When New Year's Day falls on a Sunday, the game is played on Monday, January 2. The Rose Bowl Game is nicknamed "The Granddaddy of Them All" 2018 rose bowl uniforms it is the oldest currently operating bowl game. It was first played in as the Tournament East–West football game, and has been played annually since Sinceit has been the highest attended college football bowl game.[3] Sincethe game has been 2018 rose bowl uniforms by Capital One, and will be officially known as Rose Bowl Game Presented by Capital One Venture X in Previous sponsors include Northwestern Mutual (–), Vizio (–), Citi (–), Sony/PlayStation 2 (), and AT&T (–). The game is a part of the Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association's "America's New Year Celebration", which also includes the historic Rose Parade. Winners of the game received the Leishman Trophy, named for former Tournament of Roses presidents, William L. Leishman and Lathrop K. Leishman who played an important part in the history of this game.

      The Rose Bowl Game has traditionally hosted the conference champions from the Big Ten and Pac conferences (or their predecessors). Sincethe Rose Bowl Game has occasionally deviated from its traditional matchups for use in "national championship" systems. In and (the and seasons), under the Bowl Championship Series (BCS) system, the Rose Bowl was designated as its championship game, and hosted the top two teams determined by the BCS system. Beginning inthe Rose Bowl has been part of the College Football Playoff (CFP) as one of the New Year's Six bowls—the top six major bowl games in the national championship system—hosting one of the semifinal games every three years, 2018 rose bowl uniforms. During non-CFP years, the Rose Bowl reverts to its traditional Pac/Big Ten matchup, unless the champions from those conferences are selected to play in the College Football Playoff.

      History[edit]

      Originally titled the "Tournament East–West football game",[4] the first Rose Bowl was played on January 1,2018 rose bowl uniforms, starting the tradition of New Year's Day bowl games. The football baby swimming training courses was added in to help fund the cost of the Rose Parade.[5] The inaugural game featured Fielding H. Yost's dominating Michigan team, representing the East, which crushed a previously 3–1–2 team from Stanford University, representing the West, by a score of 49–0 after Stanford quit in the third quarter. Michigan finished the season 11–0 and was crowned the national champion. Yost had been Stanford's coach the previous year. The game was so lopsided that for the next thirteen years, the Tournament of Roses officials ran chariot races, ostrich races, and other various events instead of football.[6] But, on New Year's Dayfootball returned to stay as the State College of Washington (now Washington State University) defeated Brown University in the first of what was thereafter an annual tradition, 2018 rose bowl uniforms.

      Tournament Park and Rose Bowl stadium[edit]

      The very first Rose Bowl Game at Tournament park in Michigan v Stanford

      Before the Rose Bowl was built, games were played in Pasadena's Tournament Park, approximately three miles (5&#;km) southeast of the current Rose Bowl stadium, near the campus of Caltech, 2018 rose bowl uniforms. Tournament Park was found to be unsuitable for the increasingly large crowds gathering to watch the game and a new, permanent home for the game was commissioned.

      The Rose Bowl stadium, designed after the Yale Bowl in New Haven, hosted its first "Rose Bowl" game on January 1, The name of the stadium was alternatively "Tournament of Roses Stadium" or "Tournament of Roses Bowl," until the name "Rose Bowl" was settled on before the game.[7]

      The stadium seating has been reconfigured several times since its original construction in For many years, the Rose Bowl stadium had the largest football stadium capacity in the United States, eventually being surpassed by Michigan Stadium in [8][9] The maximum stated seating capacity wasfrom to Capacity was lowered after the game; the game, which was also the BCS championship game, attracted a crowd of 93,; and there were 94, spectators at the game between TCU and Wisconsin.[10] As ofthe Rose Bowl is number seven on the list of American football stadiums by capacity with a current official seating capacity of 92, and is still the largest stadium that hosts post-season bowl flamenco figure skating dress The Rose Bowl is also the only CFP bowl game that is held in a non-NFL stadium, 2018 rose bowl uniforms.

      Team selection –[edit]

      In the game's early years, except during World War I, the Rose Bowl always pitted a team—not necessarily the conference champion—from the Pacific Coast Conference (PCC), the predecessor of the current Pac Conference, against an opponent from the Eastern U.S. During the last two years of World War I, teams from military bases met in the Rose Bowl. During its history, a number of notable matchups have been made with the top football teams and top coaches of the time. These include the game, with Knute Rockne's Notre Dame and their Four Horsemen, against "Pop" Warner's Stanford; the edition saw the Alabama Crimson Tide's 2018 rose bowl uniforms over Washington; and featured Howard Jones' USC Trojans against Bob Neyland's Tennessee Volunteers. During this period, 2018 rose bowl uniforms, there were ten games in which undefeated teams were matched.

      World War II – venue change to Durham, 2018 rose bowl uniforms, North Carolina[edit]

      See also: Rose Bowl and Rose Bowl

      After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7,and a series of attacks on Malta open snooker Coast shipping beginning on December 18,[12] there were concerns about a possible Japanese attack on the West Coast. The Rose Parade, with a million watchers, and the Rose Bowl, with 90, spectators, were presumed to be ideal targets for the Japanese. Lieutenant General John L. DeWitt recommended that the Rose Parade and Rose Bowl festivities be cancelled.[13][14][15] The Rose Bowl committee originally planned to cancel the game. On December 16, Duke University invited the game and Oregon State to Duke's home stadium in Durham, North Carolina.[16][17] After the Allied victory in the Battle of Midway and the end of the Japanese offensives in the Pacific Theater duringit was deemed that a large portion of the West Coast was no longer vulnerable to attack (in spite of the Aleutian Islands Campaign), and the Rose Bowl game continued on in the Rose Bowl Stadium. Few Georgia fans were able to make the trip to the Rose Bowl because of wartime travel restrictions.[18] There were a large number of military servicemen in attendance.[19] The Tournament of Roses parade itself still was not held in because of the war.[20]

      Big Nine–PCC agreement[edit]

      During World War II, many college football schools had dropped some conference opponents and instead played football against local military base teams, 2018 rose bowl uniforms. Many colleges could not even field teams because of the draft and manpower requirements.[21] After the war was over, demobilization and the G.I. Bill enabled returning servicemen 2018 rose bowl uniforms attend college. The season was the first true post-war college football season with travel restrictions lifted and civilian college opponents returning to schedules.

      The Big Nine and PCC were of the same accord when it came to treating players as amateurs, as compared to the semi-professional status that the Southern Universities proposed. Also, the Big Nine and PCC both had the same attitudes towards desegregation 2018 rose bowl uniforms allowing African-Americans to play football.[22] Many other universities were still segregated. None of the Southeastern Conference schools had an African American athlete until The Cotton Bowl, Orange Bowl, and Sugar Bowl would not be integrated until, and respectively.[23]

      The Big Nine agreed inafter eight years of negotiating over payments, rules, and ticket allocations, to a five-year exclusive deal with the Rose Bowl to send the conference champion to meet the PCC champion.[24] UCLA, USC, Minnesota and Illinois all voted against it.[25] The Rose Bowl, with UCLA meeting Illinois, 2018 rose bowl uniforms, was the first game under this agreement.

      Big Ten–AAWU/Pac-8/10/12 agreement[edit]

      When the PCC dissolved prior to the season following a pay-for-play scandal inthere was no official agreement in force. The Tournament of Roses selected from the former members of PCC and invited Washington, the first champion of the newly formed Athletic Association of Western Universities (AAWU), to play Big Ten champion Wisconsin in the Rose Bowl. The Big Ten authorized its members to accept any Rose Bowl invitation at their discretion.

      The AAWU signed an agreement with the Rose Bowl that remained in force from the Rose Bowl until the advent of the BCS era in Inafter Minnesota changed its vote against pursuing a new agreement (resolving a 5–5 voting deadlock which had prevented any new negotiations for years), a Big Ten agreement was finalized, which went into effect with the Rose Bowl and lasted 2018 rose bowl uniforms the BCS era.

      While the Big Ten supplied the "East" representative and the PCC, AAWU, or Pac-8/10 supplied the "West" representative from the Rose Bowl to the BCS era, an "exclusive" Rose Bowl agreement did not exist throughout this period. In particular, the Big Ten was not part of any agreement for at least the and games. In particular, the Big Ten champion Ohio State, declined the invitation to play in the Rose Bowl without penalty.

      The AAWU used "Big Five", "Big Six", and "Pacific-8" as unofficial nicknames (each reflecting the number of conference members). It officially adopted the "Pacific-8" name for the season. The name changed to "Pacific" with the arrival of Arizona and Arizona State inits last official name change prior to the formation of the BCS in The Big Ten Conference retained the same name throughout this period, even though it had eleven members by the start of the BCS era because of the addition of Penn State in

      Both conferences had a "no repeat" rule in force for a number of years. Under this rule, any team that had appeared in the Rose Bowl game the previous season could not go, even if they were the conference champion. The notable exceptions to this rule were Washington playing in the and games and Minnesota playing in the and games during the period when the conference agreements were in a state of flux. The Big Ten abolished this rule in The AAWU/Pac-8 had abandoned its no-repeat rule by the time Southern California played in four consecutive Rose Bowl games from to

      Both conferences also had "exclusive agreements" with the Rose Bowl game, in the sense that member schools were not allowed 2018 rose bowl uniforms play in any other bowl game. Both conferences abolished this rule before the NCAA Division I football season. As a result, Michigan and USC were allowed to play in the Orange Bowl and the Liberty Bowl, respectively.

      Bowl Championship Series[edit]

      The Rose Bowlwith the banners for the Rose Bowl Game (the right scoreboard had been removed during the renovation)

      As of the season, with the 2018 rose bowl uniforms of the Bowl Championship Series (BCS), team selection for the Rose Bowl was tied to the other three BCS bowls, although in any given year the Rose Bowl still attempted, if possible, to maintain the traditional Pac (Pac after the addition of Utah and Colorado in ) versus Big Ten format (though if the champion from either or both conference was ranked BCS #1 or #2, they were allowed into the national championship game and were replaced by another team, typically from the same conference as the team being replaced). Twice in this era, the Rose Bowl had served as the BCS championship game.

      The game served as the BCS championship game between the BCS No. 1–ranked Miami, then a member of the Big East Conference, and the BCS No. 2–ranked Nebraska, then a member of the Big 12 Conference. The Nebraska selection as the BCS No. 2 team was controversial because Oregon was ranked No. 2 in both the AP and Coaches Polls, while Nebraska was ranked No. 4 in both polls and did not play in its conference championship game (No. 3 Colorado, who would play Oregon in that year's Fiesta Bowl, did and won the Big 12's automatic bid to the BCS). This prevented a West Coast team playing in the Rose Bowl for the first time, and it also marked the first matchup since not to feature the traditional pairing of Pac vs. Big Ten teams.

      The Rose Bowl game featured offensive powerhouses Texas, riding a game winning streak, and USC, which entered the game with a game winning streak and two Heisman Trophy winners. Texas won 41– The game had a television viewership of million,[26] the highest for college football contest since the Fiesta Bowl between Penn State and Miami.

      On two other occasions during the BCS era, Rose Bowl participation had expanded beyond the Big Ten and Pac The Rose Bowl couldn't select Big Ten co-champion and automatic qualifier Ohio State, who finished No. 2 in the BCS and thus received a bid to the Fiesta Bowl to play for the national championship. The Rose Bowl was poised to select Big Ten co-champion Iowa as an at-large in order to preserve the traditional Big Ten/Pac match up. However, the Orange Bowl, which selected ahead of the Rose Bowl that year, chose the Hawkeyes. As a result, the Rose Bowl 2018 rose bowl uniforms the first appearance by Oklahoma, who faced Pac Champion Washington State. The game featured Texas of the Big 12 Conference, selected, amid some controversy, over California of water fed telescopic window cleaning pole kit Pac, marking the second time a West Coast team did not make the Rose Bowl. The controversy was the result of the BCS computer rankings which elevated Texas over California. Texas went on to defeat Michigan in the game, featuring a four-touchdown performance by Vince Young, foreshadowing his yard performance a year later in the defeat of USC that won the National Title for Texas.

      The game is also noteworthy. In this game, USC defeated Michigan, 28–14, thus earning the top ranking in the AP Poll and a share of the national championship with BCS champion LSU. USC, despite being No. 1 in the AP poll, did not qualify for the BCS championship game because of their standing in the BCS system.

      The second BCS-era Rose Bowl arrangement ran from through The Big Ten and Pac (the new name of the Pac) retained their bids, but a provision was inserted mandating that the first time that either conference could not fill their bid (because a school from the Big Ten or Pac qualifies for the BCS National Championship Game), and if a non-BCS conference school qualified, the Rose Bowl was required to take that school.[27] As a result, Texas Christian University (TCU) became the first team from a non-automatic qualifying conference to play in the Rose Bowl in the BCS era. The TCU Horned Frogs finished their second consecutive regular season at 12–0, were back-to-back champions of the Mountain West Conference, and ranked No. 3 in the final BCS Poll. TCU defeated No. 5 Wisconsin 21–19 in the Rose Bowl. TCU's appearance satisfied the 'first time' clause of the agreement.

      The th Rose Bowl Game featured a traditional pairing of Big Ten champion versus Pac champion, with Michigan State playing against Stanford on January 1, Michigan State won the game, 24–

      The Bowl Championship Series format ended with the BCS National Championship Game, played at the Rose Bowl Stadium on January 6.

      [edit]

      The BCS was replaced in richfield mens basketball league the College Football Playoff, which selects four teams for two national semifinal games, leading to a championship game. As part of the arrangement, the Rose Bowl game functions as a semifinal playoff game every three years. In years when the Rose Bowl is not hosting a semifinal, it takes the Pac and Big Ten champions, unless one or both teams qualify for the semifinals, in which case they are replaced by another team from the same conference.

      The first game under the new arrangement was played on January 1,and was known as the College Football Playoff semifinal at the Rose Bowl Game presented by Northwestern Mutual. It featured the Oregon Ducks of the Pac Conference and the Florida State Seminoles, the first Atlantic Coast Conference team to participate in the Rose Bowl. Oregon defeated Florida State, 59–20, ending the Seminoles' game winning streak, which dated back to the end of the season. As a result, Oregon advanced to the College Football Playoff National Championship played on January The 59 points were a new Rose Bowl Game scoring record for a team.

      The Rose Bowl featured Pac champions Stanford against Big Ten West Division champions Iowa. Stanford defeated Iowa 45–16, scoring 35 points in the first half, the most points ever scored in the first half of a Rose Bowl. Big Ten champions Michigan State defeated Iowa 16–13 in the Big Ten championship Game, but lost 38–0 to Alabama in a CFP semifinal on New Year's Eve. There was some controversy over the selection of the Big Ten's Rose Bowl representative, given that both Iowa and Ohio State finished their seasons with only one loss, both losing to Michigan State. In the end, the College Football Playoff Committee ranked Iowa ahead of Ohio State, which led to Iowa's first Rose Bowl berth since [28][29] Iowa was ranked fifth in the final College Football Playoff rankings, and Stanford sixth, meaning that the Rose Bowl featured the strongest matchup that was not part of the College Football Playoff.

      In the Rose Bowl, the Georgia Bulldogs (12–1) defeated the Oklahoma Sooners (12–1), 54–48, in double overtime in a semifinal playoff game to advance to the College Football Playoff National Florida mojo volleyball game. It was the first Rose Bowl game to go into overtime. 2018 rose bowl uniforms Relocation[edit]

      Main article: Rose Bowl

      In early Decemberit was announced that the Rose Bowl, a CFP semifinal game, would be contested behind closed doors without fans, due to California GovernorGavin Newsom's orders in response to the COVID pandemic in California.[30] This was met with criticism,[31] including from Notre Dame head coach Brian Kelly, who wanted players' families to be allowed to attend.[32] On December 19, it was reported that a request by the Tournament 2018 rose bowl uniforms Roses to the State of California, requesting a special exemption to allow some fans to attend, was denied.[33] Later that day, 2018 rose bowl uniforms, the CFP announced that the 2018 rose bowl uniforms game would be moved from Pasadena to AT&T Stadium in Arlington, Texas.[34] It was not immediately clear if the game would still be called the Rose Bowl.[35] A press release from the Pasadena Tournament of Roses stated:[36]

      "It is not yet determined if the CFP semifinal in Dallas will be called the CFP Semifinal at the Rose Bowl Game presented by Capital One. The name is a part of the Master License Agreement and is co-owned by the Pasadena Tournament of Roses and the City of Pasadena."

      On December 30, the City of Pasadena and the Tournament of Roses announced that the game in Arlington could use the Rose Bowl name.[37] The only prior instance of the game being played outside of Pasadena was the edition.[33]

      Sponsorship and broadcasting rights[edit]

      [edit]

      For many years the Rose Bowl eschewed sponsorship, but init became "The Rose Bowl Game presented by AT&T." Unlike the other bowl games, the sponsor was not added to the title of the game, but instead as a presenter.[39] In it was branded The Rose Bowl Game presented by PlayStation 2. From toafter the agreement with Sony expired, the game was presented by Citi.

      In JuneCiti decided to end sponsorship of the Rose Bowl games, including the National Championship game.[40] In OctoberHDTV maker Vizio signed a 4-year contract to be the official sponsor of the Rose Bowl games through [41][42] After Vizio declined to renew sponsorship infinancial services giant Northwestern Mutual became the new presenting sponsor.[43] From tothe game was sponsored by Northwestern Mutual and officially known as the Rose Bowl Game presented by Northwestern Mutual.[44]

      The edition, sponsored 2018 rose bowl uniforms Capital One, was officially known as the Rose Bowl Game presented by Capital One.[46] As the sponsor of the Orange Bowl, Capital One became the first company to sponsor two New Year's Six bowls. Capital One continued their sponsorship of the game, with the edition officially being named the Rose Bowl Game presented by Capital One Venture X after the company's travel rewards credit card.[47]

      Broadcasters[edit]

      Main article: List of Rose Bowl Game broadcasters

      The Rose Bowl was first televised in on W6XYZ,[48] an experimental station out of Los Angeles that would eventually become KTLA.[49] The game was the first nationally televised bowl game and the first nationally televised college game of any sport.[50] From to ,[51] the Rose Bowl was televised by NBC at 2 p.m. PST, and in most years was the only New Year's Day bowl airing at that time. The Rose Bowl has the highest TV rating of all college bowl games, watched by % of all people in the US with TV sets.[52] The game was the first college football game broadcast in color. Television ratings for the Rose Bowl declined as the number of bowl games increased.[52] The other bowl games also provided more compelling match-ups, with higher-ranked teams.[52] InNBC gave up the broadcast rights, as the television share dropped in below [52]

      From tothe game was broadcast on ABC, usually at 2 p.m. PST.[52] The first 9-year contract in started at about $11 million, which is what NBC had been paying.[52] The Rose Bowl was the first broadcast not set at the traditional pm West Coast time.[53] The visual of the afternoon sun setting on the San Gabriel Mountains on New Year's Day is recognized as an important part of the tradition of the game.[54][55]

      The edition was the first one broadcast in HDTV. Beginning inFOX had the broadcast rights to the other Bowl Championship Series games, but the Rose Bowl, which negotiates its own television contract independent of the BCS, had agreed to keep the game on ABC. Beginning with the season, ESPN (majority-owned by ABC's parent company, The Walt Disney Company) now broadcasts all the BCS/CFP games, including the Rose Bowl game.[56][57] The game is also broadcast nationally by ESPN Radio and by ESPN International for Latin America. InESPN Deportes provided the first Spanish language telecast in the U.S. of the Rose Bowl Game.[58]

      The Rose Bowl game contract with ESPN was extended on June 28,tofor a reportedly $80 million per year.[59][60]

      Game results[edit]

      Winners appear in boldface while the use of italics denotes a tie game.
      Team rankings are taken from the AP Poll (inaugurated inprior to the Rose Bowl) before each game was played.

      Date played West / Pac East / Big Ten Attendance[61]Notes
      January 1, Stanford0Michigan498,notes
      January 1, Washington State14Brown07,notes
      January 1, Oregon14Penn026,notes
      January 1, [c]Mare Island – USMC19Camp Lewis – US Army7N/Anotes
      January 1, [c]Mare Island – USMC0Great Lakes – US Navy17N/Anotes
      January 1, Oregon6Harvard730,notes
      January 1, 2018 rose bowl uniforms State042,notes
      January 2, California0Washington & Jefferson040,notes
      January 1, USC14Penn State343,notes
      January 1, Washington14Navy1440,notes
      January 1, Stanford10Notre Dame2753,notes
      January 1, Washington19Alabama2050,notes
      January 1, Stanford7Alabama757,notes
      January 2, Stanford7Pittsburgh665,notes
      January 1, California7Georgia Tech866,notes
      January 1, USC47Pittsburgh1472,notes
      January 1, Washington State0Alabama2460,notes
      January 1, USC21Tulane1275,notes
      January 2, USC35Pittsburgh078,notes
      January 1, Stanford0Columbia735,notes
      January 1, Stanford13Alabama2984,notes
      January 2018 rose bowl uniforms, Stanford7SMU084,notes
      January 1, 2018 rose bowl uniforms, #5 Washington0#3 Pittsburgh2187,notes
      January 1, #2 California13#4 Alabama090,notes
      January 2, #7 USC7#3 Duke389,notes
      January 1, #3 USC14#2 Tennessee092,notes
      January 1, #2 Stanford21#7 Nebraska1391,notes
      January 1, #12 Oregon State20#2 Duke1656,[a]notes
      January 1, #13 UCLA0#2 Georgia993,notes
      January 1, USC29#12 Washington068,notes
      January 1, #7 USC25#12 Tennessee091,notes
      January 1, #11 USC14#2 Alabama3493,notes
      January 1, #4 UCLA14#5 Illinois4590,notes
      January 1, #8 USC0#2 Michigan4993,notes
      January 1, #4 California14#7 Northwestern2093,notes
      January 2, #3 California14#6 Ohio State17,notes
      January 1, #5 California6#9 Michigan1498,notes
      January 1, #7 Stanford7#4 Illinois4096,notes
      January 1, #5 USC7#11 Wisconsin0,notes
      January 1, #5 UCLA20#3 Michigan State28,notes
      January 1, #17 USC7#1 Ohio State2089,notes
      January 2, #4 UCLA14#2 Michigan State17,notes
      January 1, #10 Oregon State19#3 Iowa3597,notes
      January 1, Oregon7#2 Ohio State1098,notes
      January 1, #16 California12#2 Iowa3898,notes
      January 1, #8 Washington44#6 Wisconsin8,notes
      January 2, #6 Washington17#1 Minnesota797,notes
      January 1, #16 UCLA3#6 Minnesota2198,notes
      January 1, #1 USC42#2 Wisconsin3798,notes
      January 1, Washington7#3 Illinois1796,notes
      January 1, #8 Oregon State7#4 Michigan34,notes
      January 1, #5 UCLA14#1 Michigan State12,notes
      January 2, USC13#7 Purdue14,notes
      January 1, #1 USC14#4 Indiana3,notes
      January 1, #2 USC16#1 Ohio State27,notes
      January 1, #5 USC10#7 Michigan3,notes
      January 1, #12 Stanford27#2 Ohio State17,notes
      January 1, #16 Stanford13#4 Michigan12,notes
      January 1, #1 USC42#3 Ohio State17,notes
      January 1, #7 USC21#4 Ohio State42,notes
      January 1, #5 USC18#3 Ohio State17,notes
      January 1, #11 UCLA23#1 Ohio State10,notes
      January 1, #3 USC14#2 Michigan6,notes
      January 2, #13 Washington27#4 Michigan20,notes
      January 1, #3 USC17#5 Michigan10,notes
      January 1, #3 USC17#1 Ohio State16,notes
      January 1, 2018 rose bowl uniforms, #16 Washington6#5 Michigan23,notes
      January 1, #12 Washington28#13 Iowa0,notes
      January 1, #5 UCLA24#19 Michigan14,notes
      January 2, UCLA45#4 2018 rose bowl uniforms 1, #18 USC20#6 Ohio State17,notes
      January 1, #13 UCLA45#4 Iowa28,notes
      January 1, 2018 rose bowl uniforms, #7 Arizona State22#4 Michigan15,notes
      January 1, #16 USC17#8 Michigan State20,notes
      January 2, #5 USC14#11 Michigan22,notes
      January 1, #12 USC17#3 Michigan10,notes
      January 1, #8 Washington46#17 Iowa34,notes
      January 1, #2 Washington34#4 Michigan14,notes
      January 1, #9 Washington31#7 Michigan3894,notes
      January 1, #14 UCLA16#9 Wisconsin21,notes
      January 2, #12 Oregon20#2 Penn State38,notes
      January 1, 2018 rose bowl uniforms, #17 USC41#3 Northwestern32,notes
      January 1, #2 Arizona State17#4 Ohio State20,notes
      January 1, #8 Washington State16#1 Michigan21,notes
      January 1, #6 UCLA31#9 Wisconsin3893,notes
      January 1, #22 Stanford9#4 Wisconsin1793,notes
      January 1, #4 Washington34#14 Purdue2494,notes
      January 3, [d]#4 Nebraska14#1 Miami (FL)3793,notes
      January 1, #7 Washington State14#8 Oklahoma3486,notes
      January 1, #1 USC28#4 Michigan1493,notes
      January 1, #6 Texas38#13 Michigan3793,notes
      January 4, [d]#1 USC38#2 Texas4193,notes
      January 1, #8 USC32#3 Michigan1893,notes
      January 1, #6 USC49#13 Illinois1793,notes
      January 1, #5 USC38#6 Penn State2493,notes
      January 1, #7 Oregon17#8 Ohio State2693,notes
      January 1, #3 TCU21#4 Wisconsin1994,notes
      January 2, #6 Oregon45#9 Wisconsin3891,notes
      January 1, #8 Stanford20#23 Wisconsin1493,notes
      January 1, #5 Stanford20#4 Michigan State2495,notes
      January 1, [e]#3 Oregon59#2 Florida State2091,notes
      January 1, #5 Stanford45#6 Iowa1694,notes
      January 2, #9 USC52#5 Penn State4995,notes
      January 1, [e]#2 Oklahoma48#3 Georgia5492,notes
      January 1, #9 Washington23#5 Ohio State2891,notes
      January 1, #7 Oregon28#11 Wisconsin2790,notes
      January 1, [e]#1 Alabama31#4 Notre Dame1418,[b]notes
      January 1, #11 Utah45#6 Ohio State4887,notes

      Source:[62]

      Future games[edit]

      See also: New Year's Six §&#;Future games

      SeasonDateDay
      January 2, Monday
      daggerJanuary 1, Monday
      January 1, Wednesday
      January 1, Thursday

      dagger denotes game is a College Football Playoff semifinal

      Appearances and win–loss records[edit]

      The below tables list results by teams competing as members of the Big Ten conference, Pac conference, and all other participants. Included in Pac results are teams who competed as a member of the Pacific Coast Conference, Pacific-8 Conference, or Pacific Conference—predecessors of the Pac

      Updated through the January edition ( 2018 rose bowl uniforms, total appearances).

      dagger Some teams who are members of the Pac and Big Ten made appearances while not members; thus, the following results are included in the "Other teams" table:

      • Penn State's January loss predates their joining of the Big Ten
      • Nebraska's January and January losses predates their joining of the Big Ten
      • Stanford's January loss predates formation of the Pacific Coast Conference, predecessor of the Pac
      • Washington State's January win predates formation of the Pacific Coast Conference, predecessor of the Pac

      ‡ The Southeastern Conference has one current member and two former members who made additional appearances in the Rose Bowl while those schools were not members of the SEC. Alabama made additional appearances in, and before becoming a charter member of the SEC in Another SEC charter member, Georgia Tech, made an appearance inand left the SEC in Tulane, also a charter member, made an appearance inprior to the SEC's establishment in December of that year. Tulane left the SEC in

      Frequent participants[edit]

      If there are any Big Ten teams that shoot for a national championship, they're damn fools You play to win the Big Ten championship, and if you win it and go to the Rose Bowl and win it, then you've had a great season.

      —&#;Bo Schembechler of Michigan, July [65]

      Among Pac-8/10/12 and Big Ten schools, the record for longest drought since a team's last Rose Bowl appearance is held by California (), followed by Minnesota (), Oregon State (), and Indiana ().

      Among Pac-8/10/12 and Big Ten schools who have played in at least one Rose Overseas cricket player recruitment, the record for the longest period since a win is held jointly by Indiana and Nebraska, who have never won, followed by Washington State (), Cal (), Oregon State (), Northwestern (), and Iowa (). As ofhead coaches Howard Jones (5–0) and John Robinson (4–0) lead the list of undefeated Rose Bowl records.[66]


      Archie Griffin of Ohio State and Brian Cushing of USC are the only players to ever start in four Rose Bowl games. Legendary coach Woody Hayes led Ohio State to the Rose Bowl from towhile USC head coach Pete Carroll led the Trojans to the Rose Bowl from to

      Rose Bowl records at the Hall of Champions

      Current members of the Pac or the Big Ten to have not appeared in the Rose Bowl are Arizona (who joined the then-Pac in ) and Colorado (who joined the Pac in ), and Maryland and Rutgers (who both joined the Big Ten in ), though California appeared in the Rose Bowl only as a member of a predecessor league to the Pac[67] Similar to Cal, Nebraska played in the and games, but was not a member of the Big Ten Conference at these times. Idaho and Montana, who were members of the Pacific Coast Conference from until and respectively, never finished near the top in the PCC football standings. Former Big Ten member Chicago withdrew from the league prior to the bowl arrangement being set.

      USC has played the most 2018 rose bowl uniforms Ten schools in the Rose Bowl. As ofthe only opponents remaining for the Trojans are Iowa, Nebraska, Minnesota, and the two newest Big Ten schools that have yet to appear in the Rose Bowl: Maryland and Rutgers. Michigan has played the most schools in the Pac in the Rose Bowl. The remaining opponents for the Wolverines are Oregon, Utah, and the two Pac schools that have yet to appear in the Rose Bowl: Arizona and Colorado.

      Common matchups[edit]

      The most frequent Rose Bowl matchup is USC–Michigan, occurring for the eighth time inwith USC holding a 6–2 advantage (including rare meetings outside the Rose Bowl, USC leads this series 6–4). The next most frequent matchup is USC–Ohio State, occurring for the seventh time inwith USC holding a 4–3 advantage.

      Matchups that have occurred more than once:

      # of Times West / Pac East / Big Ten Record Years Played
      8 USC Michigan USC, 6–2 , 2018 rose bowl uniforms,,
      7 USC Ohio State USC, 4–3 ,,
      4 Washington Michigan Tied, 2–2 ,
      3 USC Penn State USC, 2018 rose bowl uniforms, 3–0 ,
      3 UCLA Michigan State Michigan State, 2–1 ,
      2 Stanford Michigan sun swim and gym review, 1–1 ,
      2 California Ohio State Tied, 1–1 ,
      2 Stanford Alabama Alabama, 1–0–1 ,
      2 USC Pittsburgh USC, 2–0 ,
      2 USC Tennessee USC, 2–0 ,
      2 UCLA Illinois Tied, 1–1 ,
      2 USC Wisconsin USC, 2–0 ,
      2 Oregon Ohio State Ohio State, 2–0 ,
      2 Washington Iowa Washington, 2–0 ,
      2 UCLA Wisconsin Wisconsin, 2–0 ,
      2 Stanford Wisconsin Tied, 1–1 ,
      2 Oregon Wisconsin Oregon, 2–0 ,

      Top-ranked teams[edit]

      No. 1 ranked teams at the end of the regular season that have played in the Rose Bowl game are listed below:

      • No. 1 Ohio State defeated No. 17 USC, 20–7
      • No. 6 Washington defeated No. 1 Minnesota, 2018 rose bowl uniforms, 17–7
      • No. 1 USC defeated No. 2 Wisconsin, 42–37
      • No. 5 UCLA defeated No. 1 Michigan State, 14–12
      • No. 1 USC defeated No. 4 Indiana, 14–3
      • No. 1 Ohio State defeated No. 2 USC, 27–16
      • No. 1 USC defeated No. 3 Ohio State,
      • No. 11 UCLA defeated No. 1 Ohio State,
      • No. 3 USC defeated No. 1 Ohio State, 2018 rose bowl uniforms No. 1 Michigan defeated No, 2018 rose bowl uniforms. 8 Washington State, 21–16
      • (BCS National Championship Game): No. 1 Miami defeated No. 4 Nebraska, 37–14
      • No. 1 USC defeated No. 4 Michigan, 28–14
      • (BCS National Championship Game): No. 2 Texas defeated No. 1 USC, 41–38
      • (CFP Semifinal Game): No. 1 Alabama defeated No. 4 Notre Dame, 31–14

      Twice in a season[edit]

      Of the 24 bowl rematches of regular season games, five have taken place in the Rose Bowl. In three of those instances, the same team won both the regular season game and the Rose Bowl Game. UCLA won three of those five Rose Bowl games, including both instances in which a different team lost the regular season game but won the Rose Bowl Game.

      • Iowa 14, Oregon State 13
      • Michigan State 13, UCLA 3
      • Ohio State 41, UCLA 20
      • UCLA 31, Michigan 27
      • Michigan State 27, USC 13

      Game arrangements[edit]

      Rose Bowl: Texas defeated Southern California 41–38 on January 4,

      Beginning with the Rose Bowl, the Pacific Coast representative was the home team, and the Big Nine representative was the visitor. This arrangement would alternate each year. The stadium seating started with the Big Nine representatives in the end zone, 2018 rose bowl uniforms, but eventually was set with the Big Ten fans and team on the West (press box) 2018 rose bowl uniforms, and Pacific fans and team on the East side. The home team wears their darkest home jerseys, and the visiting team wears the white visiting jerseys, 2018 rose bowl uniforms. There have been exceptions to the uniform arrangement: UCLA wore their home jerseys, light blue, in the, and Rose Bowl games, with the Big Ten opponent also wearing their home uniforms.

      From throughthe Big Ten team was the home team in odd-numbered years, and the Pac team was the home team in even-numbered years. InWashington State was the home team, as a non-Big Ten or Pac school (Oklahoma of the Big 12) was the opponent; the same applied inwhen Michigan played another Big 12 school, Texas.

      Beginning with the Rose Bowl, Nebraska was home, with team and fans on the East sideline. From throughthe home team had been the team with the highest BCS season ending ranking. Fred williamson bowls the Rose Bowl, the Michigan team was on the East sideline; Texas was the visiting team and was on the West sideline. For the Rose Bowl, USC was the home team and Texas was the visiting team on the West sideline. Traditionally, the Big Ten (or its BCS replacement) is on the West side (press box) and the Pac team is on the East side.

      During the BCS era, the institution with the higher BCS ranking performed the national anthem, and performed first at halftime. With the exception of BCS championship years, the National Anthem was performed by the band. In BCS Championship years, a performer was invited to sing the Anthem, the last being LeAnn Rimes in The Rose Bowl does not have other performers (including notable recording artists) during the halftime show besides the school marching bands. As part of the television contract, a portion of each band's halftime performance is shown on television. Each school and each conference are allocated television spots to advertise. For the th game on January 1,Merry Clayton, Lisa Fischer, Judith Hill and Darlene Love sang the national 2018 rose bowl uniforms in honor of the song's th anniversary. This was the first time in Rose Bowl history that the anthem was performed by singers rather than by a marching band.[68] Today, the institution with the higher ranking by the CFP selection committee performs the national anthem and performs first at halftime.

      The coin toss was usually presented by the grand marshal of the Rose Parade or the president of the Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association (if the grand marshal was unable to attend the game).

      Rose Bowl Most Valuable Player Award[edit]

      The most valuable player in the Rose Bowl game is given a crystal trophy that is the Rose Bowl Most Valuable Player Award.[69][70] The award was created in and awarded retroactively for players all the way back to the Rose Bowl. Occasionally, the award has been shared by two players. Beginning with the Rose Bowl Game, 2018 rose bowl uniforms, the Rose Bowl MVP Award has been given to both an offensive and defensive player.[71] Four players have been named the MVP of more than one Rose Bowl: Bob Schloredt, 2018 rose bowl uniforms, Washington (, ), Charles White, USC (, ), Ron Dayne, Wisconsin (, ), and Vince Young, Texas (, ).

      MVPs–[edit]

      MVPs –present[edit]

      Game records[edit]

      Team Performance vs. opponent Year
      Most points scored 59, Oregon vs. Florida State (20)
      Most points scored (losing team) 49, Penn State vs, 2018 rose bowl uniforms. USC (52)
      Most points scored (both teams) , Georgia (54) vs. Oklahoma (48)
      Most points scored in a half 41 (second half), Oregon vs. Florida State
      Most points scored in a half (both teams) 56, shared by:

      (first half), Oregon vs, 2018 rose bowl uniforms. Wisconsin
      (first half), Utah vs. Ohio State


      Fewest points allowed 0, Washington vs. Iowa (tied with 17 others)
      Largest margin of victory 49, shared by:
      Michigan (49) vs. Stanford (0)
      Michigan (49) vs. USC (0)


      First downs 33, USC vs Penn State
      Rushing yards , Michigan vs. Stanford
      Passing yards , Ohio State vs. Utah
      Total yards , Ohio State vs. Utah
      Individual Performance, team vs. opponent Year
      Total offense, C. J. Stroud, Ohio State vs Utah
      Touchdowns6, C. J. Stroud, Ohio State vs Utah
      Rushing yards, Charles White, USC vs. Ohio State (39 attempts, 1 TD)
      Rushing TDs5, Neil Snow, Michigan vs. Stanford
      Passing yards, C. J. Stroud, Ohio State vs Utah (, 6 TD)
      Passing TDs6, C. J. Stroud, Ohio State vs Utah
      Receptions15, Jaxon Smith-Njigba, Ohio State vs Utah
      Receiving yards, Jaxon Smith-Njigba, Ohio State vs Utah
      Receiving TDs3, Marvin Harrison Jr., Ohio State vs Utah (tied with 3 others)
      All-purpose Yards, Christian McCaffrey, Stanford vs. Iowa
      Tackles17, John Boyett, Oregon vs. Wisconsin (tied with 1 other)
      Sacks3, Kenny Rowe, Oregon vs. Ohio State (tied with 3 others)
      Interceptions3, Bill Paulman, Stanford vs. SMU (tied with 1 other)
      Long playsPerformance, team vs. opponentYear
      Touchdown run91, De'Anthony Thomas, Oregon vs. Wisconsin
      Touchdown pass76, Rick Leach to Curt Stephenson, Michigan vs. Washington
      Kickoff return, Al Hoisch, UCLA vs. Illinois (TD)
      Punt return86, Aramis Dandoy, USC vs. Ohio State (TD)
      Interception return78, Elmer Layden, Notre Dame vs. Stanford (TD)
      Fumble return58, Tony Washington, Oregon vs. Florida State (TD)
      Punt73, Don Bracken, Michigan vs. Washington
      Field goal55, Rodrigo Blankenship, Georgia vs. Oklahoma

      Note: When there is a tie, the most recent one will be listed.

      Rose Bowl Hall of Fame[edit]

      Inductees (by year)[72]

      • – C.W. "Bump" Elliott, Michigan; W.W. "Woody" Hayes, Ohio State; Howard Jones, USC; Jim Plunkett, Stanford
      • – Archie Griffin, Ohio State; Bob Reynolds, Stanford; Neil Snow, Michigan; Wallace Wade, Brown, Alabama, & Duke; Charles White, USC
      • – Rex Kern, Ohio State; John McKay, USC; Ernie Nevers, Stanford; Roy Riegels, California; Bob Schloredt, Washington; John Sciarra, UCLA; Russell Stein, 2018 rose bowl uniforms, Washington & Jefferson; Charley Trippi, Georgia; Ron Vander Kelen, Wisconsin; George Wilson, Washington
      • – Frank Albert, Stanford; Bob Chappuis, Michigan; Sam Cunningham, USC; Bill Daddio, Pittsburgh; Bob Griese, Purdue; Hollis Huntington, Oregon & Mare Island Marines; Shy Huntington, Oregon; Elmer Layden, Notre Dame; Jim Owens, Washington
      • – Frank Aschenbrenner, Northwestern; Dixie Howell, Alabama; Don Hutson, Alabama; Curly Morrison, Ohio State; Brick Muller, California; Julius Rykovich, Illinois; Bo Schembechler, Michigan; O. J. Simpson, USC; Bob Stiles, UCLA; Buddy Young, Illinois
      • – Vic Bottari, California; Jim Hardy, USC; Don James, Washington; Bob Jeter, Iowa; Lay Leishman, Tournament of Roses; Pat Richter, Wisconsin; Henry Russell "Red" Sanders, UCLA
      • – Gary Beban, UCLA; Dick Butkus, Illinois; Harry Gilmer, Alabama; Pat Haden, USC; Al Krueger, USC; Doyle Nave, USC; Ted Shipkey, Stanford
      • – Eric Ball, UCLA; Pete Beathard, USC; John Ferraro, USC; Stan Hahn, Tournament of Roses; John Ralston, 2018 rose bowl uniforms, Stanford; Bill Tate, Illinois
      • – Terry Donahue, UCLA; Jim Grabowski, Illinois; Warren Moon, Washington; Erny Pinckert, USC; Ken Ploen, Iowa; Sandy Stephens, Spinning intro maker – Jack Crabtree, Oregon; Don Durdan, Oregon State; J.K. McKay, USC; Rick Neuheisel, UCLA; Bill Nicholas, Tournament of Roses; Butch Woolfolk, Michigan
      • – Al Hoisch, UCLA; Keith Jackson, ABC Sports; Dave Kaiser, Michigan State
      • – Johnny Mack Brown, Alabama; Marv Goux, USC
      • – No inductees
      • – Ambrose "Amblin' Amby" Schindler, USC; Mel Anthony, Michigan
      • – Harriman Cronk, Tournament of Roses; Danny O'Neil, Oregon; John Robinson, USC
      • – Alan Ameche, Wisconsin; Rudy Bukich, USC; Wayne Duke, Big Ten; Jim Stivers, Tournament of Roses
      • – Richard N. Frank, Lawry's Restaurants (Beef Bowl); Curt Gowdy, Sports Broadcaster
      • – Steve Emtman, Washington; Rube Samuelsen, Sports Journalist; Jeff Van Raaphorst, Arizona State
      • – Pete Johnson, Ohio State; Tom Ramsey, UCLA; Dennis Swanson, Television Executive
      • – Keyshawn Johnson, USC; Virgil "Virg" Lubberden, USC (administrator); Chuck Ortmann, Michigan
      • – Barry Alvarez, Wisconsin; Tom Hansen, Pacific Conference; John Hicks, Ohio State
      • – Brad Budde, USC; Hayden Fry, Iowa; Leroy Keyes, Purdue
      • – Ron Dayne, Wisconsin; Dick Enberg, NBC; George Fleming, Washington
      • – John Cooper, Arizona State and Ohio State; Brian Griese, Michigan; and Ron Yary, USC
      • – Lloyd Carr, Michigan; Orlando Pace, Ohio State; Lynn Swann, USC
      • 2018 rose bowl uniforms Knute Rockne, Notre Dame; Dick Vermeil, UCLA and Ki-Jana Carter, Penn State[73]
      • – Mark Brunell, Washington; Jim Muldoon (Pac); Fritz Pollard, Brown; and Tyrone Wheatley, Michigan[74]
      • – Bobby Bell, Minnesota; Ricky Ervins, USC; Tommy Prothro, UCLA and Art Spander, UCLA[75]
      • – Mack Brown, Texas; Cade McNown, UCLA; Charles Woodson, Michigan; and Dr. Charles West, Washington & Jefferson
      • – George Halas, Great Lakes Navy; Randall McDaniel, Arizona State; Pop Warner, Stanford; Vince Young, Texas
      • – Eddie Soleil curling iron 19mm, Harvard; Cornelius Greene, Ohio State; Imagos sport fishing Leinart, USC; Jacque Robinson, University of Washington[76]
      • – None
      • – Anthony Davis, USC; Jim Delany, Big Ten Conference; Ron Simpkins, Michigan

      All-Century Class[edit]

      The Rose Bowl Game All-Century Class was announced on December 28, [77]

      They are:

      In addition to being named as All-Century representatives for their respective decades, John McKay and Archie Griffin were named the th Rose Bowl Game All-Century Coach and Player respectively.

      The finalists:

      • – Paddy Driscoll (Great Lakes Navy, ), 2018 rose bowl uniforms Snow (Michigan, ) and George Halas (Great Lakes Navy, )[78]
      • – Ernie Nevers (Stanford, ), Elmer Layden (Notre Dame, ) and Johnny Mack Brown (Alabama, )[79]
      • – Millard "Dixie" Howell (Alabama, ), Don Hutson 2018 rose bowl uniforms, ) and Howard Jones (USC,–33, –40)[80]
      • – Bob Chappuis (Michigan, ), Harry Gilmer (Alabama, ) and Charley Trippi (Georgia, )[81]
      • – Alan Ameche (Wisconsin, ),
      Источник: [casinoextra.fr]

      Rose Bowl (stadium)

      Outdoor athletic stadium, in Pasadena, California, United States

      "Rose Bowl Stadium" redirects here. For the cricket stadium, see Rose Bowl (cricket ground). For other uses, see Rose Bowl (disambiguation).

      Rose Bowl (stadium) casinoextra.fr
       Over the Rose Bowl, Pasadena, CA USA () (cropped).jpg

      Aerial view from south in

      Rose Bowl Stadium is located in California
      Rose Bowl Stadium

      Rose Bowl Stadium

      Location in California

      Show map of California
      Rose Bowl Stadium is located in the United States
      Rose Bowl Stadium

      Rose Bowl Stadium

      Location in the United States

      Show map of the United States
      Address Rose Bowl Drive
      LocationPasadena, California, United States
      Coordinates34°09′40″N°10′05″W / °N °W / ; Coordinates: 34°09′40″N°10′05″W / °N °W / ;
      Public transitcasinoextra.frL Line&#; Memorial Park (via shuttle bus)
      OwnerCity of Pasadena
      OperatorRose Bowl Operating Company
      Capacity88,
      Record&#;attendance,[1]
      ( Rose Bowl)
      SurfaceGrass
      Broke ground[2]
      OpenedOctober 28,
      first Rose Bowl game:
      January 1,
      Construction cost$,
      ($&#;million in [3])
      ArchitectMyron Hunt[4]
      Rose Bowl Game (NCAA) –present
      Caltech Beavers (NCAA) –
      Loyola Lions (NCAA)
      CSULA Diablos –, –
      Los Angeles Wolves (NASL)
      Pasadena Bowl –, –
      Los Angeles Aztecs (NASL) –
      UCLA Abstract softball art (NCAA) –present
      Los Angeles Galaxy (MLS) –

      The Rose Bowl

      U.S. National Register of Historic Places

      U.S. National Historic Landmark

      Rose Bowl, casinoextra.fr

      Panorama in Octoberhosting Arizona

      NRHP&#;reference&#;No.[5]
      Added to NRHPFebruary 27,
      Designated&#;NHLFebruary 27, [6]

      The Rose Bowl[a] is an outdoor athletic stadium located in Pasadena, California. Opened in Octoberthe stadium is recognized as a National Historic Landmark and a California Historic Civil Engineering landmark.[6] At a modern capacity of an all-seated configuration at 92,[10] the Rose Bowl is the 16th-largest stadium in the world, the 11th-largest stadium in the United States, and the 10th-largest NCAA stadium. The stadium is 10 miles northeast of downtown Los Angeles.

      One of the most famous venues in sporting history,[11] the Rose Bowl is best known as a college football venue, specifically as the host of the annual Rose Bowl Game for which it is named. Since2018 rose bowl uniforms, it has served as the home stadium of the Electric city soccer club Bruins football team. Five Super Bowl games, third most of any venue, have been played in the stadium. The Rose Bowl is a noted soccer venue, 2018 rose bowl uniforms, having hosted the FIFA World Cup Final, FIFA Women's World Cup Final, and the Olympic Soccer Gold Medal Match, as well as numerous CONCACAF and United States Soccer Federation matches.[12]

      The stadium and adjacent Brookside Golf and Country Club are owned by the city of Pasadena and managed by the Rose Bowl Operating Company, a non-profit organization whose board is selected by council members of the city of Pasadena. UCLA and the Pasadena Tournament of Roses also have one member on the company board.

      History[edit]

      Design and construction[edit]

      Construction in ; 2018 rose bowl uniforms the original horseshoe shape

      Through Januarythe bowl now known as the Rose Bowl Game was played at Tournament Park, about 3 miles (&#;km) southeast, adjacent to the campus of the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). The Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association, the game's organizer, 2018 rose bowl uniforms, realized the temporary stands were inadequate for a crowd of more than 40, and sought to build a better, permanent stadium.

      The stadium was designed by architect Myron Hunt in His design was influenced by the Yale Bowl in New Haven, Connecticut, which opened in The Arroyo Seco was selected as the location for the stadium. The Rose Bowl was under construction from Feb. 27, to October [13][14] The nearby Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum also was under construction during this time and would be completed in Mayshortly after the Rose Bowl was completed. Originally built as a horseshoe, the stadium was expanded several times. The southern stands 2018 rose bowl uniforms completed inenclosing the stadium into a complete bowl.

      The field's alignment is nearly north–south, usa australia basketball 2019 tickets slightly northwest, and the elevation at street level is approximately feet (&#;m) above sea level.

      The stadium's name was alternatively "Tournament of Roses Stadium" or "Tournament of Roses Bowl", until being settled as "Rose Bowl" before the Rose Bowl game,[15] in reference to the unusually named (at the time) Yale Bowl.

      The stadium can be very difficult to access due to the traffic caused by single-lane residential street access. It has no dedicated parking lot for visitors and parking issues have routinely caused visitors to spend two to three hours completing the last mile to the stadium on game days. InRose Bowl contracted Catch surf quad fins to streamline parking in and around the stadium. When constructed, the majority of visitors arrived to the bowl via the Pacific Electric interurban streetcar system; however, this service ended in

      There are also shuttles to help visitors get to the stadium and mobile lights powered by generators to provide visibility for people walking on the golf course at night.

      Dedication[edit]

      The first game was a regular season contest inwhen California defeated USC12–0 on October This was the only loss for USC and Cal finished the season undefeated. California declined the invitation to the Rose Bowl game and USC went instead. The stadium was dedicated officially on January 1,when USC defeated Penn State14–3.

      Seating[edit]

      The stadium seating has been reconfigured several times since its construction in The South end was filled in to complete the bowl and more seats have been added. The original wooden benches were replaced by aluminum benches in All new grandstand and loge seats had been installed since [16] New red seat backs had been added on 22, seats prior to the Rose Bowl.[16] A Rose Bowl improvement was conducted because of UCLA's move and the Summer Olympics. This resulted in new seat backs for 50, seats.[16]

      For many years, the Rose Bowl had the largest football stadium capacity in the United States, eventually being surpassed by Michigan Stadium (,).[17][18] The Rose Bowl's maximum stated seating capacity wasfrom to [16] Some of the seats closest to the field were never used during this time for UCLA regular season games, and were covered by tarps. Official capacity was lowered following the Rose Bowl. Slightly different figures are given for the current capacity, for the lower-level seats behind the team benches are not used for some events since the spectators can not see through the standing players or others on the field. UCLA reports the capacity at 91,[19] The Tournament of Roses reports the capacity at 92,[20] The Rose Bowl game, which was also the BCS championship game, had a crowd of 93,[21] In the contest between TCU and Wisconsin, the listed attendance is 94, As ofthe Rose Bowl is the 11th largest football stadium, and is still the largest stadium that hosts post-season bowl games.[22] For concerts held there, the Rose Bowl holds almost 60, people. The stadium's remodeling removed the lower "lettered row" seats on each side behind the players' benches and provided access in and out of the stadium for the lower sections of the Rose Bowl, restoring its original design.

      For the season, UCLA began using a tarp to decrease capacity and cover the north upper weston park tennis courts zone, the tarp spells out U-C-L-A with advertisements on the side. This brought official capacity down to 69, seats.[23]

      Renovations[edit]

      Exterior of the Rose Bowl stadium before the renovation

      The press box was updated before the Rose Bowl with an elevator and two rows. The cost was $, The Press Box was refurbished for UCLA's move in and the Summer Olympics.[16] In andthe press box was undergoing renovation as part of the larger renovation originally budgeted at $ million in [24] Costs had increased to $ million during construction.[25] Work proceeded during the football season, and was expected to be completed before the UCLA Bruins' first home game in [25] Some unforeseen problems had been encountered due to the stadium's age and some renovations done in the early s.[25] Most of the planned renovations were completed in Because of the increased construction cost, items deferred for the future are additional new restrooms, the historic field hedge, new entry-gate structures, ribbon boards & additional new concession stands, 2018 rose bowl uniforms. The stadium has started "The Brick Campaign" to help pay for some of the cost of the renovations.[26] The Brick Campaign, completed infeatures a large logo of the Pasadena Tournament of Roses and the donor bricks arranged by universities in front of the south main entrance to the stadium. A large 30 feet (&#;m) tall by 77 feet (23&#;m) wide LED video display board was added to the north end of the stadium as a part of the renovation, 2018 rose bowl uniforms.

      Court of Champions and Rose Plaza[edit]

      The Court of Champions is at the stadium's south end. Rose Bowl game records along with the names of the coaches and the MVP players, are shown on the plaques attached to the exterior wall. The Hall of Fame statue is also at the Court of Champions. The renovation allows more plaques to be placed on the wall and floor for future games. The statue of Jackie Robinson, who played football with Pasadena City College, was dedicated in InBrandi Chastain's statue was added outside of the south gate. The statue portrays Brandi in her celebration of her winning penalty kick in the FIFA Women's World Cup final, where she exposed her sports bra after removing her jersey.[27] The image of her celebration was described in The New York Times as "most iconic photograph ever taken of a female athlete",[28] and it has been considered one of the more famous photographs of a woman celebrating an athletic victory.[29][30] To honor Keith Jackson, the longtime ABC broadcaster who had called many games from the Rose Bowl, was unveiled on December 14,at the stadium's Rose Plaza. The commemorative bricks are located in front of Gate A. There are sections reserved for the City of Pasadena, Tournament of Roses, 2018 rose bowl uniforms, Rose Bowl, and each school of the Pac and Big Ten conferences.

      Terry Donahue Pavilion[edit]

      The seven-story Terry Donahue Pavilion is named for the former UCLA football head coach, who was the most successful coach in UCLA and Pac history. It houses the press boxes, broadcast booths, premium seating, boxes and suites. There are 54 luxury suites, 48 loge boxes, 1, club seats, state-of-the-art press boxes and a new broadcast center. The previous press box was replaced by a new self-contained media area capable of accommodating credentialed working press facility along with a separate level dedicated to game day operations, including TV and radio broadcasting, instant replay booths, coaching staffs and an emergency command center.[31] The radio and TV booths were renamed "The Keith Jackson Broadcast Center" in December Jackson, the former ABC-TV sportscaster, coined the phrase "The Granddaddy of Them All" for the Rose Bowl game.[32]

      Venue rankings[edit]

      InSports Illustrated listed the Rose Bowl at number 20 in the Top 20 Venues of the 20th Century.[33] InSports Illustrated named the Rose Bowl the number one venue in college sports.[34]

      [edit]

      Rose Bowl Game[edit]

      Main article: Rose Bowl Game

      The Rose Bowl 2018 rose bowl uniforms is best known in the U.S. for its hosting 2018 rose bowl uniforms the Rose Bowl, a postseasoncollege football game. The game is played after the Tournament of Roses Parade on New Year's Day, or, if January 1 is a Sunday, on Monday, January 2. The stadium's name has given rise to the term "bowl game" for postseason football games, regardless of whether they are played in a bowl-shaped or "Bowl"-named stadium. The Rose Bowl Game is commonly referred to as "The Granddaddy of Them All" because of its stature as the oldest of all the bowl games. The visual of the afternoon sun setting on the San Gabriel Mountains on New Year's Day is recognized as an important part of the tradition of the game.[35][36][37] Sincethe Rose Bowl has been the highest attended college football bowl game.[38]

      Since its opening, the Rose Bowl stadium has hosted the bowl game every year except in and The Rose Bowl was moved to Durham, North Carolina, at the campus of Duke University. Duke, which played in the game on January 1, volunteered to host the contest because of security concerns on the West Coast in the weeks following the attack on Pearl Harbor.[39][40] The Rose Bowl was played at AT&T Stadium in Arlington, Texas due to capacity restrictions in place in California due to the COVID Pandemic.

      BCS National Championship[edit]

      Main article: BCS National Championship Game

      Starting with the season, the Rose Bowl became part of the Bowl Championship Series (BCS). The and games also were the BCS Championship games, matching the #1 and #2 BCS teams in the nation. The BCS National Championship Game was played six days after the Rose 2018 rose bowl uniforms game as a completely separate event from the Tournament of Roses, though it managed the event. The stadium hosted the BCS National Championship Game, the final game before the BCS was replaced by the current College Football Playoff, when it celebrated its th anniversary of the Rose Bowl game.[41]

      Note: *USC later vacated all wins during the season.

      [edit]

      Main article: College Football Championship Game

      The Rose Bowl Game is one of the six primary bowls of the College Football Playoff (CFP), which replaced the BCS effective with the season. Every three years, the Rose Bowl will match two of the top four teams selected by the system's selection committee to compete for a spot at the national championship game. The first CFP semifinal game at the Rose Bowl was the Rose Bowl, whose winner advanced to the championship game on January 12 at AT&T Stadium in Texas. AT&T Stadium later hosted the Rose Bowl, also a CFP semifinal, with limited attendance due to the COVID pandemic.

      Though the Rose Bowl is eligible to bid on hosting the College Football PlayoffChampionship Game in years it is not hosting a semifinal, it has no plans to do so.[42]

      [edit]

      Main article: UCLA Bruins 2018 rose bowl uniforms alt="" src="casinoextra.fr" width="" height="">

      Previous edition of Rose Bowl records at Hall of Champions
      UCLA–USC football game at the Rose Bowl; the edition marked a return to the tradition of both teams wearing home jerseys

      The Rose Bowl stadium has been the home football field for UCLA since [19] The UCLA Bruins had played their home games at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum since There was an attempt to build a 44,seat stadium on campus, at the site where Drake Stadium eventually was built. However, the proposal was blocked by influential area residents, as well as some politicians.[43][44]

      At the start of the NFL season, with the Oakland Raiders scheduled to 2018 rose bowl uniforms into the Coliseum, UCLA decided to relocate its home games to the Rose Bowl Stadium.[45] The Bruins went on to play two straight Rose Bowl games in their new home stadium, the Rose Bowl and the Rose Bowl. UCLA has participated in five Rose Bowl games since moving to the stadium. The stadium is the host of the UCLA–USC rivalry football game on even numbered years, alternating with the Coliseum. In the first rivalry game at the stadium between UCLA and USC inUSC fans sat on the west side of the stadium and UCLA fans sat on the east side of the stadium, mirroring an arrangement that existed when the teams shared the Coliseum. Both teams also wore their home uniforms. InUSC fans were moved to the end zone seats, which ended the tradition of shared stadium. Because of the shared arrangement, and the participation of USC in a number of Rose Bowl games, both schools have winning records in each other's home stadium. The Bruins travel 26 miles from campus to Pasadena to play home games, 2018 rose bowl uniforms, but only 14 miles to their biggest road game at USC every other year.[43]

      [edit]

      Caltech, a university located in Pasadena, played most home games in the Rose 2018 rose bowl uniforms from the time of its construction until the school dropped football in Caltech jovially claimed to play before the greatest number of empty seats in the nation.[46]

      Junior Rose Bowl[edit]

      The stadium hosted the Junior Rose Bowl from to and to Between and and andthe game pitted the California Junior College football champions against the NJCAA football champions for the national championship. It was organized by the Pasadena Junior Chamber of Commerce. The Junior Rose Bowl became the Pasadena Bowl from to ; it was billed as the Junior Rose Bowl the first two years, but instead two teams from the NCAA College Division competed (then later the University Division, usually featuring teams that were not invited to other major bowls).

      Army–Navy game[edit]

      The Rose Bowl stadium is the only site west of the Mississippi River to host an Army–Navy Game (). The city of Pasadena paid for the traveling expenses of all the students and supporters of both the U.S. Naval Academy and U.S. Military Academy.[47] The attendance was 81,[48][49] The game was brought to the Rose Bowl as there are a large number of military installations and servicemen and women, along with many retired military personnel, on the West Coast.[47] The game has been held in multiple locations, but outside the game in Chicago and this game, it has been played in the Northeast megalopolis, most frequently in Philadelphia, followed by the New York area and the Baltimore–Washington area.

      Super Bowl[edit]

      Main article: Super Bowl

      The stadium has hosted the Super Bowl five times. The first was Super Bowl XI in Januarywhen the Oakland Raiders beat the Minnesota Vikings 32&#; The game was also played there in (XIV), (XVII), (XXI) and (XXVII). The Rose Bowl is one of two venues (with Stanford 2018 rose bowl uniforms to host a Super Bowl though having never served as the full-time home stadium for an NFL or AFL team (Stanford Stadium hosted one San Francisco 49ers game after the Loma Prieta earthquake).

      Season Date Super Bowl Visiting team Points Home team Points Spectators
      January 9, XIOakland Raiders32Minnesota Vikings14,
      January 20, XIVLos Angeles Rams19Pittsburgh Steelers31,
      January 30, XVIIMiami Dolphins17Washington Redskins27,
      January 25, XXIDenver Broncos20New York Giants39,
      January 31, XXVIIBuffalo Bills17Dallas Cowboys52&#; 98,

      Because the NFL has a policy limiting the hosting of a Super Bowl to metropolitan areas with NFL teams, 2018 rose bowl uniforms Super Bowl has not been played at the Rose Bowl since the Rams and Raiders departed the Los Angeles area in The most recent Super Bowl held in Southern California was XXXVII in San Diego in January The next L.A.-based Super Bowl (LVI) is scheduled for February at the Rams' and Chargers' SoFi Stadium in Inglewood (the Rams returned to Los 2018 rose bowl uniforms inthe Chargers the following year).

      See also: History of the National Football League in Los Angeles

      Although proposed, no NFL team has called the Rose Bowl a regular season home. After losing both its local teams in the Los Angeles market inthe National Football League began looking to either start or relocate a franchise to the Los Angeles area. The closest the Rose Bowl came to being the home of an NFL team was in when the Seattle Seahawks announced a relocation to Los Angeles with the Rose Bowl as their planned stadium but the move was blocked by the NFL.[50] After many years of varying offers, no deal could be struck between the NFL owners, the stadium's owner, and the City of Pasadena, following a vote of disapproval by its residents in November [51]

      On November 19,Pasadena officials approved a proposal which could have allowed an NFL team to temporarily play in the Rose Bowl.[52][53] The Rose Bowl, however, never ended up acting as a home field for an NFL team. When the Los Angeles Rams moved from St. Louis prior to the NFL season, the Rose Bowl was considered as a temporary home before the Rams ultimately settled on playing in USC's Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, the Rams' home from to The Los Angeles Chargers went to Dignity Health Sports Park as their temporary venue in

      Soccer[edit]

      Though best known as an American football stadium, the Rose Bowl is also one of the most decorated soccer (association football) venues in the world. The stadium hosted the prestigious FIFA World Cup Final (an event watched by over million people worldwide), the FIFA Women's World Cup Final (the most attended women's soccer match in history), and the Olympic Gold Medal Match, making it the only venue in the world to host all three of international soccer's major championship matches.[54] The United States men's national soccer team has played 17 games in the Rose Bowl, the fourth most of any venue. It has hosted 5 U.S. women's national team matches. It has also hosted MLS Cup and the and CONCACAF Gold Cup Finals. Mexico has played a number of friendlies in the stadium against nations other than the United States.

      In the past, it was also the home ground of two North American Soccer League clubs, the Los Angeles Wolves in and the Los Angeles Aztecs in and From throughthe stadium was the home ground of Major League Soccer club Los Angeles Galaxy.[55]

      Major soccer tournaments[edit]

      The Rose Bowl is one of two stadiums to have hosted the FIFA World Cup finals for both men and women. The Rose Bowl hosted the men's final in and the women's final in (The only other stadium with this honor is the Råsunda Stadium near Stockholm, Sweden, which hosted the men's final in and the women's final in ) Both Rose Bowl finals were scoreless after double extra time and decided on penalty shootouts; Brazil beating Italy in the FIFA World Cup Final 3&#;2, and the United States beating China in the women's final 5&#;4.[56][57]

      The Rose Bowl also hosted group stage matches of the Copa América Centenario in [58] It also hosted several matches including the final of the Olympics men's soccer tournament. On July 27,the Rose Bowl hosted a International Champions Cup match between Chelsea and Liverpool. Chelsea won the match 1–0. The Just bowling Bowl also hosted a International Champions Cup match between F.C. Barcelona and Tottenham Hotspur where Barcelona won 5–3 in penalty kicks after a 2–2 draw. It has also regularly featured CONCACAF Gold Cup matches including two finals.

      The Rose Bowl is a candidate to host matches in the FIFA World Cup, and will be a venue in the Summer Olympics.[59]

      FIFA World Cup[edit]

      FIFA Women's World Cup[edit]

      Other events and usage[edit]

      Pasadena events[edit]

      4th of July Fireworks over the Rose Bowl

      The Rose Bowl has hosted the Pasadena "Americafest" Independence Day celebration annually since [60] The annual fireworks show is considered one of the top fireworks shows in the nation. Another local event is the Rose Bowl Flea Market held the second Sunday of each month, on the stadium parking lots. Hosted by promoter R.G. Canning, it claims to be the largest Flea market on the West Coast.[61] The stadium host the annual "Turkey Tussle" homecoming football game between John 2018 rose bowl uniforms High School and Pasadena High School, in early November. The Rose Bowl hosted its annual graduation ceremonies for Blair High School, John Muir High School and Pasadena High School untilbefore staging it at the individual schools until Currently all three high schools along with John Marshall Fundamental Secondary School hold their graduation ceremonies at the Pasadena Civic Auditorium in early June until On June 4,the Pasadena Unified School District used the Rose Bowl to hold their high school graduation ceremonies for all four high schools, along with Rose City High School and Center for Independent Studies.

      Summer Olympics[edit]

      Main article: Cycling at the Summer Olympics

      The Rose Bowl was the track cycling venue for the Summer Olympics.[62]

      Concerts[edit]

      Date Performer(s) Opening act(s) Tour/Event Attendance Notes
      September 15, [63]Big Brother and the Holding CompanyN/A N/A N/A N/A
      June 6, [64][65]N/A Peace Sunday: We Have a Dream N/A N/A
      July 2, [66]JourneyBlue Öyster Cult
      Triumph
      Aldo Nova
      Escape Tour83, N/A
      August 1, [67]N/A Budweiser Superfest N/A N/A
      June 18, [68]Depeche ModeOrchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark
      Thomas Dolby
      Music for the Masses Tour60, The concert was filmed and recorded for the group's documentary-concert film and live album . The show also marked the first ever "waving wheat" arm movement by fans in attendance during "Never Let Me Down Again" live performances.
      June 27, [69]The CureCranes
      Dinosaur Jr.
      Wish Tour 35, The show attracted the lowest attendance for a single concert in the history of the stadium.
      October 3, [70]Metallica & Guns N' RosesMotörheadGuns N' Roses/Metallica Stadium Tour68, Comedian Andrew Dice Clay opened for Guns N' Roses and introduced the band when they came onstage.
      January 31, Michael JacksonN/A Super Bowl XXVII halftime show N/A N/A
      July 31, Juan GabrielN/A N/A N/A Becomes the first Latin American singer to perform at the Rose Bowl.
      April 16, [71]Pink FloydN/A The Division Bell 2018 rose bowl uniforms rowspan="2">, The band became the first ever act to perform two consecutive nights at the stadium.
      April 17, [71]
      July 17, [72]Kenny G
      Whitney Houston
      N/A FIFA World Cup closing ceremony N/A N/A center grove shooting 19, [73]The Rolling StonesRed Hot Chili Peppers
      Buddy Guy
      Voodoo Lounge Tour,
      October 21, [73]
      January 21, [74]EaglesSheryl CrowHell Freezes Over Tour 60, N/A
      June 27, Lilith FairN/A Tour N/A N/A
      July 10, Jennifer LopezN/A FIFA Women's World Cup closing ceremony N/A N/A
      July 17, [75]Lilith FairN/A Tour N/A N/A
      June 9, [76]'N SyncP!nkNo Strings Attached TourN/A N/A
      July 24, [77]Eden's Crush
      Samantha Mumba
      PopOdyssey62, N/A
      June 15, [78]Various artists N/A Wango TangoN/A N/A
      May 17, [78]
      May 15, [78]
      October 25, [79]U2The Black Eyed PeasU2 ° Tour97, The concert was streamed on the group's official YouTube channel, and also filmed for the band's concert film U° at the Rose Bowl. The show also attracted the highest attendance for a single concert in the history of the stadium.
      July 28, [80]Justin 2018 rose bowl uniforms ZDJ CassidyLegends of the Summer63, N/A
      August 2, Beyoncé
      Jay Z
      N/A On the Run 2018 rose bowl uniforms rowspan="2">96, N/A
      August 3,
      August 7, Eminem
      Rihanna
      N/A The Monster Tour, N/A
      August 8,
      September 11, One Direction5 Seconds of Summer
      Jamie Scott
      Where We Are Tour, During the performance on September 13, the band performed a cover of "Happy Birthday" by Mildred J. Hill dedicated to Niall; and also of "I Gotta Feeling" by The Black Eyed Peas, "Beautiful Girls" by Sean Kingston, "Stand by Me" by Ben E. King and "Rock Your Body" by Justin Timberlake, along with a snippet of "I Want", 2018 rose bowl uniforms. The band also became the first ever act to perform three consecutive nights at the stadium.
      September 12,
      September 13,
      July 25, Kenny Chesney
      Jason Aldean
      Brantley Gilbert
      Cole Swindell
      Old Dominion
      The Big Revival Tour
      Burn It Down Tour
      53, N/A
      May 14, Beyoncé DJ KhaledThe Formation World Tour55, Big Sean, Yo Gotti, Ne-Yo, Ty Dolla $ign, 2018 rose bowl uniforms Joe, Remy Ma, Trey Songz, and Snoop Dogg joined DJ Khaled during the opening act. Beyoncé becomes the first female headliner at the stadium.[81]
      August 20, ColdplayBishop Briggs
      Alessia Cara
      Stargate
      A Head Full of Dreams Tour, The concert was streamed in Outdoor swimming pool belgrade and the Philippines.[82]
      August 21, Bishop Briggs
      Alessia Cara
      N/A
      May 20, U2 The LumineersThe Joshua Tree Tour , N/A
      May 21, N/A
      July 29, Metallica Avenged Sevenfold
      Gojira
      WorldWired Tour60, N/A
      September 16, [83]Green DayCatfish and the BottlemenRevolution Radio Tour36, [84]
      October 6, [85]Coldplay Tove Lo
      Alina Baraz
      A Head Full of Dreams Tour 64, The proceeds from these shows went towards the relief efforts for the Central Mexico earthquake.[86]
      May 18, [87]Taylor SwiftCamila Cabello
      Charli XCX
      Taylor Swift's reputation Stadium Tour, Shawn Mendes was the surprise guest. Swift performed "There's Nothing Holdin' Me Back" with Shawn.
      May 19, Troye Sivan and Selena Gomez were the surprise guests. Swift performed "My My My!" with Troye and "Hands To Myself" with Selena.
      August 18, [88]Ed SheeranSnow Patrol
      Anne-Marie
      ÷ Tour62, N/A
      September 22, Beyoncé
      Jay Z
      Chloe X Halle and DJ KhaledOn the Run II Tour, N/A
      September 23, N/A
      May 4, [89]BTSN/A BTS World Tour Love Yourself: Speak Yourself, Becomes the first South Korean act to perform at The Rose Bowl.[90]
      May 5, [91]
      August 22, The Rolling Stones KaleoNo Filter Tour56, This concert was originally scheduled to take place on May 11,
      Cancelled BTSN/A Map of the Soul TourBTS’ second stadium tour. Originally scheduled to take place on May 2, 3, and 5 ofbut was postponed and later cancelled due to the COVID pandemic.
      Cancelled N/A
      Cancelled N/A
      Cancelled Justin BieberKehlani
      Jaden Smith
      Changes TourJustin Bieber's fourth concert tour. Originally scheduled to take place on May 29,but was postponed and eventually renamed to the Justice World Tour due to the COVID pandemic. The Rose Bowl date got cancelled and instead instead 2 dates were given to casinoextra.fr Arena in 2018 rose bowl uniforms Angeles and 1 to The Forum in Inglewood.

      Other events[edit]

      The stadium was used for midget car racing in the s.[92]

      The stadium held its first country music festival in Junenamed A Day in the Country The event was produced by Richard Flanzer of AtlanticPacific Music, 2018 rose bowl uniforms.

      The stadium hosted the Drum Corps International World Championships August 7 through August 11, The Rose Bowl was the final stadium to host the championship before DCI moved their corporate offices to Indianapolis with the championships being held at Lucas Oil Stadium until at least This was the first (and only) time the DCI championships had ever been held west of Denver, Colorado in the year history of DCI.

      It hosted auditions for the top American television show, American Idol, on August 8, The stadium has also been used as part of the music video shoot for the song "The Last Song", the second single released by the American rock band The All-American Rejects, which features the band performing the song in the middle of the stadium to an empty crowd.

      The stadium's Court of Champions was the site of a "Roadblock" from seventeenth season of the CBS reality TV show The Amazing Race where teams had to help decorate three sections of the theme float for the New Year's Day Rose Parade.[93]

      In Novemberthe International Churches of Christ (Los Angeles) gathered at the Rose Bowl for their Worship Service, with 2018 rose bowl uniforms attendance of 17,[94]

      The Brookside Golf Course hosted the Los Angeles Open on the PGA Tour inwon by Billy Casper in late January.[95]

      The Rose Bowl was used for high school graduation ceremonies for the Alhambra Unified School District's Alhambra High School, Mark Keppel High School and San Gabriel High School on May 27,La Cañada Unified School District's La Cañada High School on June 3,and Glendale Unified School District's Glendale High School and Herbert Hoover High School on June 2018 rose bowl uniforms,and Crescenta Valley High School on June 11,instead of holding at their respective campuses due to the COVID restrictions.

      Present status[edit]

      The Rose Bowl and adjacent golf course are managed by the Rose Bowl Operating Company, a non-profit organization whose board is selected by council members of the City of Pasadena. UCLA and the Pasadena Tournament of Roses also have one member on the company board, 2018 rose bowl uniforms. In it was reported that Rose Bowl stadium itself runs on a yearly operational loss.[51] While it generated funds with the annual lease with UCLA ($ million), the Tournament of Roses ($,), and a regularly hosted flea market north richland hills youth baseball, it makes up the loss by relying on funds generated by the adjacent city-owned golf course ($2 million).[51] The stadium at the time was unable to finance many of the capital improvements it needed to be considered a modern facility, including new seats, wider aisles, additional exits, a wider concourse, 2018 rose bowl uniforms renovated press box, a state-of-the-art video scoreboard, new field lighting, ribbon boards, extra suites and a club. The estimated cost for such improvements ranges from $&#;million and $&#;million.[51] The stadium had long-term leases with its two major tenants, the Pasadena Tournament of Roses () and UCLA (). Inthe Rose Bowl and the City of Pasadena launched a $&#;million capital improvement program that benefited both UCLA and the Tournament of Roses. New locker rooms for both UCLA and visiting teams, as well as a new media 2018 rose bowl uniforms area were constructed.[19] The USC Athletic department attempted to 2018 rose bowl uniforms with the Rose Bowl to play games there inout of concerns that the Los Angeles Coliseum Commission would not negotiate, in a decade-long rent impasse between the commission and the university.[97]

      In AprilThe Rose Bowl Operating Company unveiled a Rose Bowl Strategic Plan, which addressed the objectives to improve public safety; enhance fan experience; maintain national historic landmark status; develop revenue sources to fund long-term improvements; and enhance facility operations. On October 11,the Pasadena City Council approved a $ million financing plan for the major renovation of the stadium.[98] Groundbreaking ceremonies for the first of three phases of the project were held on January 25, The newly constructed video board was used for the June 25, CONCACAF Gold Cup Final. The costs increased as the project went on, and by December were estimated at $ Million and the project to be completed by [99] The Rose Bowl and UCLA leases were extended to carrom foosball table parts respectively.[99][] The renovations were completed in [31] Inthe Rose Bowl reported a profit of $,[] However, golf course usage has declined year after year, and UCLA football attendance has waned.[] The stadium had reported $ million in outstanding debt at the beginning of [] The Rose Bowl is limited by law to 15 major events per year. But it can host an unlimited number of small events, such as weddings, for which it made $ million in []

      Notable dates[edit]

      Seating and attendance records[edit]

      • Rose Bowl Game records: Rose Bowl, January 1,2018 rose bowl uniforms, Attendance:Number 1 ranked and undefeated USC vs. number 3 Ohio State. This is the stadium record, as well as the NCAA bowl game record.[1][19][38] The smallest Rose Bowl game crowd in the stadium was the Rose Bowl with 35, in attendance to see Columbia defeat Stanford.[38] Three days of rain had turned the stadium into a small lake, and it rained on New Year's Day inone of the few times in the history of the tournament.[] The largest crowd to watch a Rose Bowl Game after the Rose Bowl and seating reconfiguration, was 95, in the Rose Bowl.
      • NFL Super Bowl record:Super Bowl XIV, Pittsburgh Steelers – Los Angeles Rams, January 20,Attendance:This is an NFL post-season record.[] This also stood as an overall NFL record until broken by a Pre-season game played at Estadio Azteca (Aztec Stadium) in Mexico City.[][]
      • Summer Olympics (Games of the XXIII Olympiad) Football (Soccer) Tournament – France defeated Brazil 2–0 in the final to win the gold medal on August The attendance wassetting a record for the largest crowd for a soccer game held in the United States (since broken by a Manchester United-Real Madrid exhibition at the Michigan Stadium in Ann Arbor, Michigan which drew ,). The attendance was also the Olympic football record until the Final of the Olympic Football Tournament at the Stadium Australia in Sydney which drew ,[]
      • College football regular season record:UCLA–USC, November 19,Attendance: ,[] Undefeated second-ranked USC (9&#;0) and quarterback Rodney Peete met sixth-ranked 2018 rose bowl uniforms (9&#;1) and quarterback Troy Aikman with a berth in the Rose Bowl Game on the line. Since the renovations, the largest regular season crowd was for the UCLA-USC game, with an attendance of 91,[] The largest attendance for a UCLA game, with an opponent other than USC, is 88, for the game against the Michigan Wolverines.[] The lowest attendance with fans in seats for a UCLA regular season game was 32, 2018 rose bowl uniforms, against Oregon State on 2018 rose bowl uniforms 7, [][] The first game played at the Rose Bowl, on October 28,between USC and Cal had an attendance of 35,[] All four UCLA home games during the football season had an official attendance of zero, due to restrictions from the Impact of the COVID pandemic on sports.[]
      • Professional soccer record: June 16, In an historic doubleheader witnessed by 92, fans, the U.S. men's national team played Mexico for the championship of U.S. Cup, followed by the MLS conference leaders Los Angeles Galaxy vs. Tampa Bay Mutiny. The crowd was the 2018 rose bowl uniforms ever to see a U.S. professional soccer league match.
      • FIFA World Cup:The final, held on July 17 saw Brazil defeat Italy after a penalty shootout. Attendance was 94,
      • FIFA Women's World Cup:The final on July 10,was the most attended women's sports event in history with an official attendance of 90, The USA defeated China 5–4 in a penalty shootout.
      • CONCACAF Gold Cup: 93, fans saw Mexico defeating the United States 4–2 in the Gold Cup Championship match on June 25,
      • Soccer, exhibition match: On August 1,an attendance of 93, showed up when 2018 rose bowl uniforms Barcelona defeated the Los Angeles Galaxy 2–1 in an exhibition match, making it the largest soccer attendance in the United States since the World Cup.[] The Tour game between Manchester United vs. Los Angeles Galaxy had a crowd of 86, on July 23,after recent renovation of the stadium.[]
      • Concert: British-Irish boy band One Direction played 3 sold out nights at the Rose Bowl in September on the same tour, making them the first act ever to accomplish this.

      Other notable dates[edit]

      See also[edit]

      Notes[edit]

      References[edit]

      1. ^ ab NCAA Records book - Attendance RecordsArchived at the Wayback Machine page (PDF)
      2. ^"Dirt Moving For Great Stadium". landway skateboard price Star-News: March 4,
      3. ^McCusker, J. J. (). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States: Addenda et Corrigenda(PDF). American Antiquarian Society.McCusker, J. J. (). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States(PDF). American Antiquarian Society. –present: Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) –". Retrieved January 1,
      4. ^Charleton, James H. (October 18, ). "The Rose Bowl"(pdf). National Register of Historic Places – Inventory Nomination Form. National Park Service. Retrieved 21 May
      5. ^"National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. April 15,
      6. ^ abNational Historic Landmarks Program - Rose BowlArchived at the Wayback Machine United States National Park Service
      7. ^Perego, Dylan. "Rose Bowl named 'Spieker Field' after UCLA alum donates $10 million", 2018 rose bowl uniforms. casinoextra.fr. Retrieved 6 December
      8. ^Bolch, Ben (19 September ). "Donor of $10 million to have name put on hedges of Rose Bowl field". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 6 December
      9. ^Rose Bowl Stadium on Facebook. "Welcome to Spieker Field at the Rose Bowl Stadium, ladies and gentleman!". Retrieved 6 December
      10. ^"History". Rose Bowl Stadium. Rose Bowl Stadium. Retrieved 28 November
      11. ^"Famed Rose Bowl to host FC Barcelona v LA Galaxy". casinoextra.fr. FC Barcelona. Retrieved 9 July
      12. ^"Rose Bowl Stadium". casinoextra.fr. International Champions Cup. Archived from the original on 10 July Retrieved 9 July
      13. ^"Stadium saucer is begun by workmen". Pasadena Star-News: 7. February 28,
      14. ^"Vast Stadium Awaits Inaugural Throngs". Los Angeles Times. XLI: II 1. October 8,
      15. ^HUGE FLAGSTAFF FOR PASADENA. Enormous Steel Pole and ½ Feet Long Will Stand in Rose Bowl. Los Angeles Times, December sequoia golf management, MONDAY afternoon at 2 o'clock the new flagstaff of the Tournament of Roses stadium, now called the Rose Bowl, will be put in place with suitable ceremony under auspices of the Pasadena Lions Club, donor of the pole.
      16. ^ abcdeDellins, Marc (), "The Rose Bowl", UCLA FOOTBALL MEDIA GUIDE, Los Angeles: UCLA Sports Information Office, p.&#;
      17. ^"Michigan Stadium Story". casinoextra.fr. Retrieved 29 July
      18. ^University of Michigan Official Athletics siteArchived at jt impulse shooting Wayback Machine – Michigan Stadium
      19. ^ abcdUCLA Football – 2018 rose bowl uniforms Football (Media Guide). UCLA Athletic Department (), page (PDF copy available at casinoextra.fr)
      20. ^Rose Bowl StadiumArchived at the Wayback Machine – History of the Rose Bowl Stadium
      21. ^Tournament of Roses Parade FAQsArchived at the Wayback Machine. The Rose Bowl Game is a contractual sellout. Inattendance was 93,
      22. ^Historic information on the Rose Bowl StadiumArchived at the Wayback Machine
      23. ^casinoextra.fr
      24. ^Toby Zwikel, Noah Gold, Brian Robin, Brener Zwikel & Associates, Inc – Pasadena City Council approves $ million renovation of iconic Rose Bowl City of Pasadena, October 12,
      25. ^ abcPiasecki, Joe – Renovation Costs at Rose Bowl now estimated at $ million. Los Angeles Times, September 23,
      26. ^Rose Bowl America's Stadium, Los Angeles Times Advertising Supplement, August 29,
      27. ^"Rose Bowl statue honors Brandi Chastain's '99 World Cup win". NBC Sports. July 11, Retrieved July 11,
      28. ^Jere Longman (July 5, ). "The Sports Bra Seen Round the World Has New Meaning 20 Years Later". New York Times.
      29. ^Jere Longman (July 5, ). "The Sports Bra Seen Round the World". New York Times.
      30. ^ Greatest Sports Photos of All Time #14
      31. ^ abSmith, Kevin - Rose Bowl is finally nearing completion on its $ million Renovation Pasadena Star News, August 28,
      32. ^Keith Jackson Broadcast CenterArchived at the Wayback Machine, casinoextra.fr, November 5,
      33. ^SI's Top 20 Venues of the 20th Century. Sports Illustrated, June 7, "The Rose Bowl is more a postcard than a stadium, designed to seduce pasty Midwesterners with the California fantasy. How many Big Ten fans tuned in on those wintry New Year's Days to gawk at the blooming bougainvillea and started packing their station wagons at halftime? "
      34. ^Top 10 College Sports 2018 rose bowl uniforms Number 1 – Rose BowlSports Illustrated. Text: Mallory Rubin. July 13,
      35. ^Witz, Billy - In Pasadena, Moving the Rose Bowl Makes For Unusual Rancor - The New York Times (casinoextra.fr). New York Times, January 1,
      36. ^Mandel, Stewart - CFP may relocate from Rose Bowl due to California restrictions: Sources, 2018 rose bowl uniforms. The Athletic, December 14, This is “The Granddaddy of Them All” for a reason. The Big Ten may have 14 teams and the Big 12 may have 10, but the Rose Bowl on New Year’s Day has always made sense. Every CFP decision has been made around the Rose Bowl’s reluctance to part with its coveted 5 p.m. ET time slot - and that stunning sunset over the San Gabriel Mountains — so embedded in the sport is the game. - Matt Fortuna - staff writer
      37. ^Lapointe, Joe - ON COLLEGE FOOTBALL; The Rose Bowl Loses Some of Its Luster, but Mystique Lingers. New York Times, January 4,
      38. ^ abcNCAA Division 1 football records book. NCAA, Edition, pages Major Bowl Game Attendance
      39. ^"Rose Bowl Timeline". Pasadena Tournament of Roses. Archived from the original on Retrieved
      40. ^Zimmerman, Paul "Scene of Rose Bowl Shifted to Durham, N.C." Los Angeles Times, December 16, Perpetuation of the annual Rose Bowl intersectional football, classic was assured yesterday when the Tournament of Roses officials and Oregon State College accepted the hospitality of Duke University.
      41. ^Beth Harris, Vizio to be new Rose Bowl sponsor, AP via BusinessWeek, October 19,
      42. ^Fornelli, Tom. "Rose Bowl will not bid for College Football Playoff title game". CBS Sports. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 8 July
      43. ^ abCrowe, Jerry – "There goes the neighborhood: How UCLA stadium bid was scuttled."Los Angeles Times, November 16,
      44. ^Reich, Ken "Stadium for UCLA Given Support – Architect's Study Cites Project as 'Desirable' STADIUM SUPPORT". Los Angeles Times, November 18, UCLA officials--still reportedly trying to decide whether to recommend the building of a 44,seat football stadium on campus--have released details of an architectural feasibility study.
      45. ^UCLA History Project - This Month in History Aug. 18, … A gridiron home – includes a photograph of the Rose Bowl game from an overhead shot
      46. ^The Discovery of Anti-Matter: The autobiography of Carl David Anderson, The Youngest Man To Win the Nobel Prize. Published by World Scientific (ISBN&#;)
      47. ^ abClark, N. Brooks – This Week Sports Illustrated, December 5,
      48. ^No. 1 Army vs. Navy Athlon Sports
      49. ^Army Navy Football Score: Navy 42 – Army 13 Game played at the Rose Bowl. United States Naval Academy Exhibits
      50. ^Stellino, Vito, 2018 rose bowl uniforms. "Seahawks defy league, head for L.A. Move to Rose Bowl contrary to resolution; to share market's future; Impact on 2018 rose bowl uniforms unknown; Seattle says local aid out of the question". casinoextra.fr. Retrieved
      Источник: [casinoextra.fr]

    The Buckeyes are headed back to Pasadena, and they&#;re apparently packing their normal uniforms for the trip.

    The Ohio State football social media account tweeted out a teaser shot of the uniforms the Bucks will wear for the Rose Bowl.

    The center of the picture shows a circular Rose Bowl patch on the upper left section of the chest, just above the heart.

    However, in the corner, you can also see the black, white, and scarlet stripes of what has served as the team&#;s base uniform this season.

    It will be the first time OSU has worn scarlet in Pasadena since the Rose Bowl. The Buckeyes lost that game,their only loss of the year.

    They wore their traditional road whites in the, and Rose Bowls.

    There were rumors that the Buckeyes were going to wear their alternate jerseys with the gray shoulder stripes and black numbers on the shoulders for the Michigan game, but those proved to be untrue.

    The only time they wore alternate jerseys this season was when the team had all-black uniforms juggling torches for sale the Nebraska game.

    It&#;s not clear if they will go with their traditional helmets for the Rose Bowl, or with something else.

    Odds are, they&#;ll go with the usual jersey and traditional helmet. That would mirror the look the team wore when Urban Meyer was a graduate assistant with the program in and

    With this being his final game as OSU head coach, it would be a fitting look in which for his team to send him out.

    If they did change up the helmets, it wouldn&#;t be the first time it happened.

    The Buckeyes opted for the mix-and-match route in the Michigan game, pairing the gray-striped jerseys with the all-black &#;Cannonball&#; helmets that they previously wore with the Chic Harley throwback jerseys.

    You can see the original tweet from the OSU football program about the Rose Bowl jersey below.

    Источник: [casinoextra.fr]

    3 comments

    1. Thanks for posting this video, I am a Plex Media user as well and am looking to putting 4K videos on to my Plex server but am quickly running into issues.

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