Dci rose bowl

dci rose bowl

DRUM CORPS AT THE ROSE BOWL Pacific Crest is Southern California's World Class drum and bugle corps. Our performers are among the best in the. Saturday, June 25: Drum Corps at the Rose Bowl · Sunday, June 26: Western Corps Connection · Tuesday, July 6: TBD – California · Friday, July 8: DCI Capital. DCI Rose Bowl Trip. What: DCI Rose Bowl Trip; When: 6/30/2018, 3:00 PM – 10:00 PM; Where: Rose Bowl Pasadena, Ca. dci rose bowl

Friday, June 24: Corps at the Crest – San Diego

Saturday, June 25: Drum Corps at the Rose Bowl

Sunday, June 26: Western Corps Connection

Tuesday, July 6: TBD – California

Friday, July 8: DCI Capital Classic

Sunday, July 10: DCI West

Tuesday, July 12: DCI Boise

Wednesday, dci rose bowl, July 13: Corps Encore

Friday, July 15: Drums Along the Rockies – Cheyenne Edition

Saturday, July 16: Drums Along the Rockies

Monday, July 18: West Texas Drums

Tuesday, July 19: TBD- Northern Texas

Thursday, July 21: DCI Denton

Friday, July 22: DCI Houston

Saturday, July 23: DCI Southwestern Championship

Monday, dci rose bowl, July 25: DCI Mesquite

Wednesday, July 27: DCI Southern Mississippi

Saturday, July 30: DCI Southeastern Championship

Tuesday, August 2: Drums Across the Smokies

Wednesday, August 3: Soaring Sounds

Friday, August 5: DCI Eastern Classic

Sunday, August 7: DCI Pittsburgh

Monday, dci rose bowl, August 8: Tour of Champions – Akron

Thursday, August 11: DCI World Championship Prelims

Friday, August 12: DCI World Championship Semifinals

Saturday, August 13: DCI World Championship Finals

Источник: dci rose bowl

2021 Drum Corps at the Rose Bowl

Saturday, July 31, 2021
8:00 pm
Rose Bowl Stadium
Pasadena, CA


Drum corps is back at the Rose Bowl Stadium! This is your chance to help revive marching music this summer.

Reacquaint yourself with live music in one of the world’s most iconic venues. Pacific Crest presents this 90-minute unique event of Southern California drum corps performing their 2021 programs as well as other works of music and dance.

CORPS IN PERFORMANCE (Subject to Change)

Gold – Oceanside, CA
Golden Empire – Bakersfield, CA
Pacific Crest – Diamond Bar, CA

Special Dci rose bowl Freelancers Alumni Corps!

TICKETS


Band directors: Your school may qualify for up to 20 free tickets. Contact us for more information.

CoVID-19 PROTOCOLS

In an effort to provide a safe and enjoyable experience for golf castor drum corps fans…

  • The Rose Bowl Stadium will adhere to local health ordinances at the time
  • No stadium re-entry
  • Interaction with corps members is prohibited
  • Corps members will not be allowed into the stadium after their performance

Filed Under: Uncategorized

Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

Premier Event Series at a Glance

PASADENA, CA
Drum Dci rose bowl at the Rose Bowl
Rose Bowl Stadium
Saturday, June 25

DETROIT, MI
DCI Tour Premiere
Ford Field
Tuesday, June 28

MUNCIE, IN
DCI Central Indiana
Scheumann Stadium
Friday, dci rose bowl, July 1

TBA, AZ
Stadium TBA
Saturday, July 2

DOVER, DE
DCI Dover
Stadium TBA
Wednesday, dci rose bowl, July 6

STANFORD, CA
DCI West
Stanford University
Sunday, July 10

BOISE, ID
DCI Boise
Eagle High School
Tuesday, July 12

TBA, MS
Stadium TBA
Thursday, July 14

DENVER, CO
Drums Along the Rockies
TBA Stadium
Saturday, July 16

MEMPHIS, TN
DCI Memphis
Liberty Bowl Stadium
Saturday, July 16

BROKEN ARROW, OK
DCI Broken Arrow
Broken Arrow High School
Tuesday, July 19

TBA NORTHERN, TX
Stadium TBA
Tuesday, July 19

DENTON, TX
DCI Denton
Apogee Stadium at the University of North Texas
Thursday, July 21

ROUND ROCK, TX
DCI Round Rock
Kelly Reeves Athletic Dci rose bowl, July 21

HOUSTON, TX
DCI Houston
TDECU Stadium at the University of Houston 
Friday, July 22

SAN ANTONIO, TX
DCI Southwestern Championship
Alamodome 
Saturday, July 23

CORPUS CHRISTI, dci rose bowl, TX
DCI Corpus Christi
Wildcat Stadium at Calallen High School 
Monday, July 25

MESQUITE, TX 
DCI Mesquite
Mesquite Memorial Stadium 
Monday, July 25

MCKINNEY, TX
DCI McKinney
McKinney ISD Stadium
Tuesday, July 26

LITTLE ROCK, AR
DCI Little Rock
War Memorial Stadium
Wednesday, July 27

HATTIESBURG, MS
DCI Southern Mississippi
M.M. Roberts Stadium at the University of Southern Mississippi 
Wednesday, July 27

TRUSSVILLE, AL
DCI Birmingham
Hewitt Trussville High School 
Thursday, July 28

MURFREESBORO, TN
The Masters of the Summer Music Games
Middle Tennessee State University 
Friday, Dci rose bowl 29

ATLANTA, dci rose bowl, GA
DCI Southeastern Championship
Georgia State Dci rose bowl Center Parc Credit Union Stadium
Saturday, July 30

WINSTON-SALEM, NC
NightBEAT
Wake Forest University’s Truist Field 
Sunday, July 31

TBA, WV
Stadium TBA
Monday, August 1

ANNAPOLIS, MD
DCI Annapolis
Navy-Marine Corps Stadium
Tuesday, August 2

GLASSBORO, NJ
DCI Glassboro
Stadium TBA
Wednesday, August 3

CENTERVILLE, OH
Soaring Sounds
Centerville High School Stadium
Wednesday, August 3

ALLENTOWN, PA
DCI Eastern Classic
J. Lakefair volleyball 2018 Crum Stadium
Friday, August 5 & Saturday, August 6

CHARLESTON, IL
DCI Eastern Illinois
Eastern Illinois University
Saturday, August 6

PITTSBURGH, PA
DCI Pittsburgh
Baldwin High School
Sunday, August 7

CINCINNATI, OH
DCI Cincinnati
Ballaban Field at St. Xavier Stadium
Monday, August 8

World Championship Event Series at a Glance

OPEN CLASS PRELIMS
Marion, IN
Indiana Wesleyan University
Monday, August 8

OPEN CLASS FINALS
Marion, IN
Indiana Wesleyan University
Tuesday, August 9

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP PRELIMS
Indianapolis, IN
Lucas Oil Stadium
Thursday, August 11

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP Dci rose bowl, IN
Lucas Oil Stadium
Friday, August 12

SOUNDSPORT INTERNATIONAL MUSIC AND FOOD FESTIVAL
Downtown Indianapolis, IN
Saturday, August 13

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP FINALS
Indianapolis, dci rose bowl, IN
Lucas Oil Stadium
Saturday, August 13

Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

Rose Bowl (stadium)

Outdoor athletic stadium, in Pasadena, California, United States

"Rose Bowl Stadium" redirects here. For the cricket stadium, see Rose Bowl (cricket ground). For other uses, see Rose Bowl (disambiguation).

Rose Bowl (stadium) logo.svg
2018.06.17 Over the Rose Bowl, Pasadena, CA USA 0039 (42855669451) (cropped).jpg

Aerial view from south in 2018

Rose Bowl Stadium is located in California
Rose Bowl Stadium

Rose Bowl Stadium

Location in California

Show map of California
Rose Bowl Stadium is located in the United States
Rose Bowl Stadium

Rose Bowl Stadium

Location in the United States

Show map of the United States
Address1001 Rose Bowl Drive
LocationPasadena, California, United States
Coordinates34°09′40″N118°10′05″W / 34.161°N 118.168°W / 34.161; -118.168Coordinates: 34°09′40″N118°10′05″W / 34.161°N 118.168°W / 34.161; -118.168
Public transitLAMetroLogo.svgL Line  Memorial Park (via shuttle bus)
OwnerCity of Dci rose bowl Bowl Operating Company
Capacity88,565
Record attendance106,869[1]
(1973 Rose Bowl)
SurfaceGrass
Broke ground1922[2]
OpenedOctober 28, 1922
first Rose Bowl game:
January 1, 1923
Construction cost$272,198
($4.21 million in 2020[3])
ArchitectMyron Hunt[4]
Rose Bowl Game (NCAA) 1923–present
Caltech Beavers (NCAA) 1923–1976
Loyola Lions (NCAA) 1951
CSULA Diablos 1957–1960, 1963–1969
Los Angeles Wolves (NASL) 1968
Pasadena Bowl 1946–1966, 1969–1971
Los Angeles Aztecs (NASL) 1978–1979
UCLA Bruins (NCAA) 1982–present
Los Angeles Galaxy (MLS) 1996–2002
dci rose bowl Rose Bowl

U.S. National Register of Historic Places

U.S. National Historic Landmark

Rose Bowl, panorama.jpg

Panorama in October 2004, hosting Arizona

NRHP reference No.87000755[5]
Added to NRHPFebruary 27, 1987
Designated NHLFebruary 27, 1987[6]

The Rose Bowl[a] is an outdoor athletic stadium located in Pasadena, California. Opened in October 1922, the stadium is recognized as a National Historic Landmark and a California Historic Civil Engineering landmark.[6] At a modern capacity of an all-seated configuration at 92,542,[10] the Rose Bowl is the 16th-largest stadium in the world, the 11th-largest stadium in the United States, and the 10th-largest NCAA stadium, dci rose bowl. The skateboarding is not a crime patch is 10 miles northeast of downtown Los Angeles.

One of the most famous venues in sporting history,[11] the Rose Bowl is best known as a college football venue, specifically as the host of the annual Rose Bowl Game for which it is named. Since 1982, it has served as the home stadium of the UCLA Bruins football team. Five Super Bowl games, third most of any venue, have been played in the stadium. The Rose Bowl is a noted soccer venue, having hosted the 1994 FIFA World Cup Final, 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup Final, and the 1984 Olympic Soccer Gold Medal Match, as well as numerous CONCACAF and United States Soccer Federation matches.[12]

The stadium and adjacent Brookside Golf and Country Club are skydiving blue hole belize cost by the city of Bmaa baseball and managed by the Rose Bowl Operating Company, a non-profit organization whose board is selected by council members of the city of Pasadena. UCLA and the Pasadena Tournament of Roses also have one member on the company board.

History[edit]

Design and construction[edit]

Construction in 1921; note the original horseshoe shape

Through January 1922, the bowl now known as the Rose Bowl Game was played at Tournament Park, about 3 miles (4.8 km) southeast, adjacent to the campus of the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). The Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association, the game's organizer, realized the temporary stands were inadequate for a crowd of more than 40,000, and sought to build a better, permanent stadium.

The stadium was designed by architect Myron Hunt in 1921. His design was influenced by the Yale Bowl in New Haven, Connecticut, which opened in 1914. The Arroyo Seco was selected as the location for the stadium, dci rose bowl. The Rose Bowl was under construction from Feb. 27, 1922 to October 1922.[13][14] The nearby Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum also was under construction during this time and would be completed in May 1923, shortly after the Rose Bowl was completed. Originally built as a horseshoe, the stadium was expanded several times. The southern stands were completed in 1928, enclosing the stadium into a complete bowl.

The field's alignment is nearly north–south, offset slightly northwest, and the elevation at street level is approximately 830 feet (255 m) above sea level.

The stadium's name was alternatively "Tournament of Roses Stadium" or "Tournament of Roses Bowl", until being settled as "Rose Bowl" before the 1923 Rose Bowl game,[15] dci rose bowl reference to the unusually named (at the time) Yale Bowl.

The stadium can be very difficult to access due to the traffic caused by single-lane residential street access. It has no dedicated parking lot for visitors and parking issues have routinely caused visitors to spend two to three hours completing the last mile to the stadium on game days. In 2016, dci rose bowl, Rose Bowl contracted ParkJockey to streamline parking in and around the stadium. When constructed, the majority of visitors arrived to the bowl via the Pacific Electric interurban streetcar system; however, this service ended in 1958.

There are also shuttles to help visitors get to the stadium and mobile lights powered by generators to provide visibility for people walking on the golf course at night.

Dedication[edit]

The first game was a regular season contest in 1922, when California defeated USC12–0 on October 28. This was the only loss for USC and Cal finished the season undefeated. California declined the invitation to the 1923 Rose Bowl game and USC went instead. The stadium was dedicated officially on January 1, 1923, when USC defeated Penn State14–3.

Seating[edit]

The stadium seating has been reconfigured several times since its construction in 1922. The South end was filled in to complete dci rose bowl bowl and more seats have been added. The original wooden benches were replaced by aluminum benches in 1969. All new grandstand and dci rose bowl seats had been installed since 1971.[16] New red seat backs had been added on 22,000 seats prior to the dci rose bowl Rose Bowl.[16] A Rose Bowl dci rose bowl was conducted because of UCLA's 1982 move and the 1984 Summer Olympics. This resulted in new seat backs for 50,000 seats.[16]

For many years, the Rose Bowl had the largest football stadium capacity in the United States, eventually being surpassed by Michigan Stadium (107,601).[17][18] The Rose Bowl's maximum stated seating capacity was 104,091 from 1972 to 1997.[16] Some of the seats closest to the field were never used during this time for UCLA regular season games, and were covered by tarps. Official capacity was lowered following the 1998 Rose Bowl. Slightly different figures are given for the current capacity, for the lower-level seats behind the team benches are not used for some events since the spectators can not see through the standing players or others on the field. UCLA reports the capacity at 91,136.[19] The Tournament of Roses reports the capacity at 92,542.[20] The 2006 Rose Bowl game, which was also the BCS championship game, dci rose bowl, had a crowd of 93,986.[21] In the 2011 contest between TCU and Wisconsin, the listed attendance is 94,118. As of 2008, the Rose Bowl is the 11th largest football stadium, and is still the largest stadium that hosts post-season bowl games.[22] For concerts held there, dci rose bowl, the Rose Bowl holds almost 60,000 people. The stadium's 2014 remodeling removed the lower "lettered row" seats on each side behind the players' benches and provided access in and out of the stadium for the lower sections of the Rose Bowl, restoring its original design.

For the 2021 season, UCLA began using a tarp to decrease capacity and cover the north upper end zone, the tarp spells out U-C-L-A with advertisements on the side. This brought official capacity down to 69,747 seats.[23]

Renovations[edit]

Exterior of the Rose Bowl stadium before the renovation

The press box was updated before the 1962 Rose Bowl with an elevator and two rows. The cost was $356,000. The Press Box was refurbished for UCLA's move in 1982 and the 1984 Summer Olympics.[16] In 2011 and 2012, the press box was undergoing renovation as part of the larger renovation originally budgeted at $152 million in 2010.[24] Costs had increased to $170 million during construction.[25] Work proceeded during the 2011 football season, and was expected to be completed before the UCLA Bruins' first home game in 2012.[25] Some unforeseen problems had been encountered due to the stadium's age and some renovations done in the early 1990s.[25] Most of the planned renovations were completed in 2013. Because of the increased construction cost, items deferred for the future are additional new restrooms, the historic field hedge, new entry-gate structures, ribbon boards & additional new concession stands. The stadium has started "The Brick Campaign" to help pay for some of the cost of the renovations.[26] The Brick Campaign, completed in 2014, features a large logo of the Pasadena Tournament of Roses and the donor bricks arranged by universities in front of the south main entrance to the stadium. A large 30 feet (9.1 m) tall by 77 feet (23 m) wide LED video display dci rose bowl was added to the north end of the stadium as a part of the renovation.

Court of Champions and Rose Plaza[edit]

The Court of Champions is at the stadium's south end. Rose Bowl game records along with the names of the coaches and the MVP players, are shown on the plaques attached to the exterior wall. The Hall of Fame statue is also at the Court of Champions. The 2014 renovation allows more plaques to be placed on the wall and floor for future games. The statue of Jackie Robinson, dci rose bowl, who played football with Pasadena City College, was dedicated in 2017. In 2019, Brandi Chastain's statue was added outside of the south gate. The statue portrays Brandi in her celebration of her winning penalty kick in the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup final, where she exposed her sports bra after removing her jersey.[27] The image of her celebration was described in The New York Times as "most iconic photograph ever taken of a female athlete",[28] and it has been considered one of the more famous photographs of a woman celebrating an athletic victory.[29][30] To honor Keith Jackson, dci rose bowl, the longtime ABC broadcaster who had called many games from the Dci rose bowl Bowl, was unveiled on December 14, 2019, at the stadium's Rose Plaza. The commemorative bricks are located in front of Gate A. There are sections reserved for the City of Pasadena, Tournament of Roses, Rose Bowl, and each school of the Pac-12 and Big Ten conferences.

Terry Donahue Pavilion[edit]

The seven-story Terry Donahue Pavilion is named for basketball mom hat former UCLA football head coach, who was the most successful coach in UCLA and Pac-12 history. It houses the press boxes, broadcast booths, premium seating, boxes dci rose bowl suites. There are 54 luxury suites, 48 loge boxes, 1,200 club seats, state-of-the-art press boxes and a new broadcast center. The previous press box was replaced by a new self-contained media area capable of accommodating 318 credentialed working press facility along with a separate level dedicated to game day operations, including TV and radio broadcasting, instant replay booths, coaching staffs and an emergency command center.[31] The radio and TV booths were renamed "The Keith Jackson Broadcast Center" in December 2015. Jackson, the former ABC-TV sportscaster, dci rose bowl the phrase "The Granddaddy of Them All" for the Rose Bowl game.[32]

Venue rankings[edit]

In 1999, Sports Illustrated listed the Rose Bowl at number 20 in the Top 20 Venues of the 20th Century.[33] In 2007, Sports Illustrated named the Rose Bowl the number one venue in college sports.[34]

[edit]

Rose Bowl Game[edit]

Main article: Rose Bowl Game

The Rose Bowl stadium is best known in the U.S. for its hosting of the Rose Bowl, a postseasoncollege football game. The game is played after the Tournament of Roses Parade on New Year's Day, or, if January 1 is a Sunday, on Monday, January 2. The stadium's name has given rise to the term "bowl game" for postseason football games, regardless of whether they are played in a bowl-shaped or "Bowl"-named stadium. The Rose Bowl Game is commonly referred to as "The Granddaddy of Them All" because of its stature as the oldest of all the bowl games. The visual of the afternoon sun setting on the San Gabriel Mountains on New Year's Day is recognized as an important part of the tradition of the game.[35][36][37] Since 1945, the Rose Bowl has been the highest attended college football bowl game.[38]

Since its opening, the Rose Bowl stadium has hosted the bowl game every year except in 1942 and 2021. The 1942 Rose Bowl was moved to Durham, North Carolina, at the campus of Duke University. Duke, which played in the game on January 1, volunteered to host the contest because of security concerns on the West Coast in the weeks following the attack on Pearl Harbor.[39][40] The 2021 Rose Bowl was played at Dci rose bowl Stadium in Arlington, Texas due to capacity restrictions in place in California due to the COVID-19 Pandemic.

BCS National Championship[edit]

Main article: BCS National Championship Game

Starting with the 1998 season, the Rose Bowl became part of the Bowl Championship Series (BCS). The 2002 and 2006 games also were the BCS Championship dci rose bowl, matching the #1 and #2 BCS dci rose bowl in the nation. The 2010 BCS National Championship Game was played six days after the Rose Bowl game as a completely separate event from the Tournament of Roses, though it managed the event. The stadium hosted the 2014 BCS National Championship Game, the final game before the BCS was replaced by the current College Football Playoff, when it celebrated its 100th anniversary of the Rose Bowl game.[41]

Note: *USC later vacated all wins during the season.

[edit]

Main article: College Football Championship Dci rose bowl Rose Bowl Game is one of the six primary bowls of the College Football Playoff (CFP), which replaced the BCS effective with the 2014 season. Every three years, the Rose Bowl will match two of the top four teams selected by the system's selection committee to compete for a spot at the national championship game. The first CFP semifinal game at the Rose Bowl was the 2015 Rose Bowl, whose winner advanced to the championship game on January 12 at AT&T Stadium in Texas. AT&T Stadium later hosted the 2021 Rose Bowl, also a CFP semifinal, with limited attendance due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Though the Rose Bowl is eligible to bid on hosting the College Football PlayoffChampionship Game in years it is not hosting a semifinal, it has no plans to do so.[42]

[edit]

Main article: UCLA Bruins football

Previous edition of Rose Bowl dci rose bowl at Hall of Champions
UCLA–USC football game at the Rose Bowl; the 2008 edition marked a return to the tradition of both teams wearing home jerseys

The Rose Bowl stadium has been the home football field for UCLA since 1982.[19] The UCLA Bruins had played their home games at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum since 1928, dci rose bowl. There was an attempt to build a 44,000-seat stadium on campus, at the site where Drake Stadium eventually was built. However, the proposal was blocked by influential area residents, as well as some politicians.[43][44]

At the start of the 1982 NFL season, with the Oakland Raiders scheduled to move into the Coliseum, UCLA decided to relocate its home games to the Rose Bowl Stadium.[45] The Bruins went on to play two straight Rose Bowl games in their new home stadium, the 1983 Rose Bowl and the 1984 Rose Bowl. UCLA has participated in five Rose Bowl games since moving to the stadium. The stadium is the host of the UCLA–USC rivalry football game on even numbered years, alternating with the Coliseum. In the first rivalry game at the stadium between UCLA and USC in 1982, USC fans sat on the west side of the stadium and UCLA fans sat on the east side of the stadium, mirroring an arrangement that existed when the teams shared the Coliseum. Both teams also wore their home uniforms. In 1984, USC fans were moved to the end zone seats, which ended the tradition of shared stadium. Because of the shared arrangement, and the participation of USC in a number of Rose Bowl games, both schools have dci rose bowl records in each other's home stadium, dci rose bowl. Dci rose bowl Bruins travel 26 miles from campus to Pasadena to play home games, but only 14 miles to their biggest road game at USC every other bradford hockey tournament november 2018, a university located in Pasadena, played most home games in the Rose Bowl from the time of its construction until the school dropped football in 1993. Caltech jovially claimed to play before the greatest number of empty seats dci rose bowl the nation.[46]

Junior Rose Bowl[edit]

The stadium hosted the Junior Rose Bowl european specialist sports nutrition alliance 1946 to 1971 and 1976 to 1977. Between 1946 and 1966 and 1976 and 1977, the game pitted the California Junior College football champions against the NJCAA football champions for the national championship. It was organized by the Pasadena Junior Chamber of Commerce. The Junior Rose Bowl became the Pasadena Bowl from 1967 to 1971; fanatics sports & party tours uk ltd was billed as the Junior Rose Bowl the first two years, but instead two teams from the NCAA College Division competed (then later the University Division, usually featuring teams that were not invited to other major bowls).

1983 Army–Navy game[edit]

The Rose Bowl stadium is the only site west of the Mississippi River to dci rose bowl an Army–Navy Game (1983). The city of Pasadena paid for the traveling expenses of all the students and supporters of both the U.S. Naval Academy and U.S. Military Academy.[47] The attendance was 81,000.[48][49] The game was brought to the Rose Bowl as there are a large number of military installations and servicemen and women, along with many retired military personnel, on the West Coast.[47] The game has been held in dci rose bowl locations, but outside the 1926 game in Chicago and this 1983 game, it has been played in the Northeast megalopolis, most frequently in Philadelphia, followed by the New York area and the Baltimore–Washington area.

Super Bowl[edit]

Main article: Super Bowl

The stadium has hosted the Super Bowl five times. The first was Super Bowl XI in January 1977, when the Oakland Raiders beat the Minnesota Vikings 32–14. The game was also played there in 1980 (XIV), 1983 (XVII), 1987 (XXI) and 1993 (XXVII). The Rose Bowl is one of two venues (with Stanford Stadium) to host a Super Bowl though having never served as the full-time home stadium for an NFL or AFL team (Stanford Stadium hosted one San Francisco 49ers game after the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake).

Season Date Super Bowl Visiting team Points Home team Points Spectators
1976January 9, 1977XIOakland Raiders32Minnesota Vikings14103,438
1979January 20, 1980XIVLos Angeles Rams19Pittsburgh Steelers31103,985 decathlon colonie lebanon 30, 1983XVIIMiami Dolphins17Washington Redskins27103,667
1986January 25, 1987XXIDenver Broncos20New York Giants39101,063
1992January 31, 1993XXVIIBuffalo Bills17Dallas Cowboys52  98,374

Because the NFL has a policy limiting the hosting of a Super Bowl to metropolitan areas with NFL teams, the Super Bowl has not been played at the Rose Bowl since the Rams and Raiders departed the Los Angeles area in 1995, dci rose bowl. The most recent Super Bowl held in Dci rose bowl California was XXXVII in San Diego in January 2003. The next L.A.-based Super Bowl (LVI) is scheduled for February 2022 at the Rams' and Chargers' SoFi Stadium in Inglewood (the Rams returned to Los Angeles in 2016, the Chargers the following year).

See also: History of the National Football League in Los Angeles

Although proposed, no NFL team has called the Rose Bowl a regular season home. After losing both its local teams in the Los Angeles market in 1995, the National Football League began looking to either start or relocate a franchise to the Los Angeles area. The closest the Rose Bowl came to being the home of an NFL team was in 1996 when the Seattle Seahawks announced a relocation to Los Angeles with the Rose Bowl as their planned stadium but the move was blocked by the NFL.[50] After many years of varying offers, no deal could be struck between the NFL owners, the stadium's owner, and the City of Pasadena, following a vote of disapproval by its dci rose bowl in November 2006.[51]

On November 19, 2012, Pasadena officials approved a proposal which could have allowed an NFL team to temporarily play in the Rose Bowl.[52][53] The Rose Bowl, however, never ended up acting as a home field for an NFL team. When the Los Angeles Rams moved from St. Louis prior to the 2016 NFL season, dci rose bowl, the Rose Bowl was considered as a temporary home before the Rams ultimately dci rose bowl on playing in USC's Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, the Rams' home from 1946 to 1979, dci rose bowl. The Los Angeles Chargers went to Dignity Health Sports Park dci rose bowl their temporary venue in 2017.

Soccer[edit]

Though best known as an American football stadium, the Rose Bowl is also one of the most decorated soccer (association football) venues in the world. The stadium hosted the prestigious 1994 FIFA World Cup Final (an event watched by over 700 million people worldwide), the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup Final (the most attended women's soccer match in history), and benoa swim discount code 1984 Olympic Gold Medal Match, making it the only venue in the world to host all three dci rose bowl international soccer's major championship matches.[54] The United States men's national soccer team has played 17 games in the Rose Bowl, the fourth most of any venue. It has hosted 5 U.S. women's national team matches. It has also hosted MLS Cup 1998 and the 2002 and 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup Finals. Mexico has played a number of friendlies in the stadium against nations other than the United States.

In the past, it was also the home ground of two North American Soccer League clubs, the Los Angeles Wolves in 1968 and the Los Angeles Aztecs in 1978 and 1979. From 1996 through crabtown showdown hockey, the stadium was the home ground of Major League Soccer club Los Angeles Dci rose bowl soccer tournaments[edit]

The Rose Bowl is one of two stadiums to have hosted the FIFA World Cup finals for both men and women. The Rose Bowl hosted the men's final in 1994 and the women's final in 1999. (The only other stadium with this honor is the Råsunda Stadium near Stockholm, Sweden, which hosted the men's final in 1958 and the women's final in 1995.) Both Rose Bowl finals were scoreless after double extra time and decided on penalty shootouts; Brazil beating Italy in the 1994 FIFA World Cup Final 3–2, and the United States beating China in the 1999 women's final 5–4.[56][57]

The Rose Bowl also hosted group stage matches of the Copa América Centenario in 2016.[58] It also hosted several matches including the final of the 1984 Olympics men's soccer tournament. On July 27, 2016, the Rose Bowl hosted a 2016 International Champions Cup match between Chelsea and Liverpool. Chelsea won the match 1–0. The Rose Bowl also hosted a 2018 International Champions Cup match between F.C. Barcelona and Tottenham Hotspur where Dci rose bowl won 5–3 in penalty kicks after a 2–2 draw, dci rose bowl. It has also regularly featured CONCACAF Gold Cup matches including two finals.

The Rose Bowl is a candidate to host matches in the 2026 FIFA World Cup, and will be a venue in the 2028 Summer Olympics.[59]

1994 FIFA World Cup[edit]

1999 FIFA Women's World Cup[edit]

Other events and usage[edit]

Pasadena events[edit]

4th of July Fireworks over the Rose Bowl

The Rose Bowl has hosted the Pasadena "Americafest" Independence Day celebration annually since 1927.[60] The annual fireworks show is considered one of the top fireworks shows in the nation. Another local event is the Rose Bowl Flea Market held the second Sunday of each month, on the stadium parking lots. Hosted by promoter R.G. Canning, it claims to be the largest Flea market on the West Coast.[61] The stadium host the annual "Turkey Tussle" homecoming football game between John Muir High School and Pasadena High School, in early November. The Rose Bowl hosted its annual graduation ceremonies for Blair High School, John Muir High School and Pasadena High School until 1984, before staging it at the individual schools until 1998. Currently all three high schools along with John Marshall Fundamental Secondary School hold their graduation ceremonies at the Pasadena Civic Auditorium in early June until 2019. On June 4, 2021, the Pasadena Unified School District used the Rose Bowl to hold their high school graduation ceremonies for all four high dci rose bowl, along with Rose City High School and Center for Independent Studies.

1932 Summer Olympics[edit]

Main article: Cycling at the 1932 Summer Olympics

The Rose Bowl was the track cycling venue for the 1932 Summer Olympics.[62]

Concerts[edit]

Date Performer(s) Opening act(s) Tour/Event Attendance Notes
September 15, 1968[63]Big Brother and the Holding CompanyN/A N/A N/A N/A
June 6, 1982[64][65]N/A Peace Sunday: We Have a Dream N/A N/A
July 2, 1982[66]JourneyBlue Öyster Cult
Triumph
Aldo Nova
Escape Tour83,214 N/A
August 1, 1982[67]N/A Budweiser Superfest 1982 N/A N/A
June 18, 1988[68]Depeche ModeOrchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark
Thomas Dolby
Music for the Masses Tour60,453 The concert was filmed and recorded for the group's documentary-concert film and live album 101. The show also marked the first ever "waving wheat" arm movement by fans in attendance during "Never Let Me Down Again" live performances.
June 27, 1992[69]The CureCranes
Dinosaur Jr.
Wish Cole haan mens og sport perforated runner fashion sneaker 35,000 The show attracted the lowest attendance for a single concert in the history of the stadium.
October 3, 1992[70]Metallica & Guns N' RosesMotörheadGuns N' Roses/Metallica Stadium Tour68,639 Comedian Andrew Dice Clay opened for Guns N' Roses and introduced the band when they came onstage.
January 31, 1993 Michael JacksonN/A Super Bowl XXVII halftime show N/A N/A
July 31, 1993 Juan GabrielN/A N/A N/A Becomes the first Latin American singer to perform at the Rose Bowl.
April 16, dci rose bowl, 1994[71]Pink FloydN/A The Division Bell Tour129,060 The band became the first ever act to perform two consecutive nights at the stadium.
April 17, 1994[71]
July 17, 1994[72]Kenny G
Whitney Houston
N/A 1994 FIFA World Cup closing ceremony N/A N/A
October 19, 1994[73]The Rolling StonesRed Hot Chili Peppers
Buddy Guy
Voodoo Lounge Tour119,140
October 21, 1994[73]
January 21, 1995[74]EaglesSheryl CrowHell Freezes Over Tour 60,000 N/A
June 27, 1998 Lilith FairN/A 1998 Tour huntingdon rowdies football club N/A
July 10, 1999 Jennifer LopezN/A 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup closing ceremony N/A N/A
July 17, 1999[75]Lilith FairN/A 1999 Tour N/A N/A
June 9, 2000[76]'N SyncP!nkNo Strings Attached TourN/A N/A
July 24, 2001[77]Eden's Crush
Samantha Mumba
PopOdyssey62,196 N/A
June 15, 2002[78]Various artists N/A Wango TangoN/A N/A
May 17, 2003[78]
May 15, 2004[78]
October 25, 2009[79]U2The Black Eyed PeasU2 360° Tour97,014 The concert was streamed on the group's official YouTube channel, and also filmed for the band's concert film U2360° at the Rose Bowl. The show also attracted the highest attendance for a single concert in the history of the stadium.
July 28, 2013[80]Justin Timberlake
Jay Z
DJ CassidyLegends of the Summer63,162 N/A
August 2, 2014 Beyoncé
Jay Z
N/A On the Run Tour96,994 N/A
August 3, 2014
August 7, 2014 Eminem
Rihanna
N/A The Monster Tour110,346 N/A
August 8, 2014
September 11, 2014 One Direction5 Seconds of Summer
Jamie Scott
Where We Are Tour165,170 During the performance on September 13, the band performed a cover of "Happy Birthday" by Mildred J, dci rose bowl. Hill dedicated to Niall; and also of "I Gotta Feeling" by The Black Eyed Peas, "Beautiful Girls" by Sean Kingston, "Stand by Me" by Ben E, dci rose bowl. King and "Rock Your Body" by Justin Timberlake, along with a snippet of "I Want". The band also became the first ever act to perform three consecutive nights at the stadium.
September 12, 2014 miso poke bowl 13, 2014
July 25, 2015 Kenny Chesney
Jason Aldean
Brantley Gilbert
Cole Swindell
Old Dominion
The Big Dci rose bowl Tour
Burn It Down Tour
53,864 N/A
May 14, 2016 Beyoncé DJ KhaledThe Formation World Tour55,736 Big Sean, Yo Gotti, Ne-Yo, dci rose bowl, Ty Dolla $ign, Fat Joe, Remy Ma, Trey Songz, and Snoop Dogg joined DJ Khaled during the opening act. Beyoncé becomes the first female headliner at the stadium.[81]
August 20, 2016 ColdplayBishop Briggs
Alessia Cara
Stargate
A Head Full of Dreams Tour120,062 The concert was streamed in China and the Philippines.[82]
August 21, 2016 Bishop Briggs
Alessia Cara
N/A
May 20, 2017 U2 The LumineersThe Joshua Tree Tour 2017123,164 N/A
May 21, 2017 N/A
July 29, 2017 Metallica Avenged Sevenfold
Gojira
WorldWired Tour60,509 N/A
September 16, 2017[83]Green DayCatfish and the BottlemenRevolution Radio Tour36,912 [84]
October 6, 2017[85]Coldplay Tove Lo
Alina Baraz
A Head Full of Dreams Tour 64,442 The proceeds from these shows went towards the relief efforts for the Central Mexico earthquake.[86]
May 18, 2018[87]Taylor SwiftCamila Cabello
Charli XCX
Taylor Swift's reputation Stadium Tour118,084 Shawn Mendes was the surprise guest. Swift performed "There's Nothing Holdin' Me Back" with Shawn.
May 19, 2018 Troye Sivan and Selena Gomez were the surprise guests. Swift performed "My My My!" with Troye and "Hands To Myself" with Selena.
August 18, dci rose bowl, 2018[88]Ed SheeranSnow Patrol
Anne-Marie
÷ Tour62,321 N/A
September 22, 2018 Beyoncé
Jay Z
Chloe X Halle and DJ KhaledOn the Run II Tour106,550 N/A
September 23, 2018 N/A
May 4, dci rose bowl, 2019[89]BTSN/A BTS World Tour Love Yourself: Speak Yourself113,040 Becomes the first South Korean act to perform at The Rose Bowl.[90]
May 5, 2019[91]
August 22, 2019 The Valken graffiti paintballs Stones KaleoNo Filter Tour56,974 This concert was originally scheduled to take place on May 11, 2019.
Cancelled BTSN/A Map of the Soul TourBTS’ second stadium tour. Dci rose bowl scheduled to take place on May 2, 3, and 5 of 2020, but was postponed and later cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Cancelled N/A
Cancelled N/A
Cancelled Justin BieberKehlani
Jaden Smith
Changes TourJustin Bieber's fourth concert tour. Originally scheduled to take place on May 29, 2020, but was postponed and eventually renamed to the Justice World Tour due to the Berwick breakers softball tournament 2017 pandemic. The Rose Bowl date got cancelled and instead instead 2 dates were given to Crypto.com Arena in Los Angeles and 1 to The Forum in Inglewood.

Other events[edit]

The stadium was used for midget car racing in the 1940s.[92]

The stadium held its first country music festival in June 1981, named A Day in the Country The event was produced by Richard Flanzer of AtlanticPacific Music.

The stadium hosted the 2007 Drum Corps International World Championships August 7 through August 11, 2007. The Rose Bowl was the final stadium to host the championship before DCI moved their corporate offices to Indianapolis with the championships being held at Lucas Oil Stadium until at least 2028. This was the first (and only) time the DCI championships had ever been held west of Denver, Colorado in the 45-year history of DCI.

It hosted auditions for the top American television show, American Idol, on August 8, 2006. The stadium has also been used as part of the music video shoot for the song "The Last Song", the second single released by the American rock band The All-American Rejects, dci rose bowl, which features the band performing the song in the middle of the stadium dci rose bowl an empty crowd.

The stadium's Court of Champions was the site of a "Roadblock" from seventeenth season of the CBS reality TV show The Amazing Race where teams had to help decorate three sections of dci rose bowl theme float for the 2011 New Year's Day Rose Parade.[93]

In November 1997, the International Churches of Christ (Los Angeles) gathered at the Rose Bowl for their Worship Service, with an attendance of 17,000.[94]

The Brookside Golf Course hosted the Los Angeles Open on the PGA Tour in 1968, won by Billy Casper in late January.[95]

The Rose Bowl was used for high school graduation ceremonies for the Alhambra Unified School District's Alhambra High School, Mark Keppel High School and San Gabriel High School on May 27, 2021, La Cañada Unified School District's La Cañada High School on June 3, 2021, and Glendale Unified School District's Glendale High School and Herbert Hoover High School on June 10, 2021, and Crescenta Valley High School on June 11, 2021, instead of holding at their respective campuses due to the COVID-19 restrictions.

Present status[edit]

The Rose Bowl and adjacent golf course are managed by the Rose Bowl Operating Company, a non-profit organization whose board is selected by council members of the City of Pasadena. UCLA and the Pasadena Tournament of Roses also have one member on the company board. In 2007 it was reported that Rose Bowl stadium itself runs on a yearly operational loss.[51] While it generated funds with the annual lease with UCLA ($1.5 million), the Tournament lady bears softball schedule Roses ($900,000), and a regularly hosted flea market ($900,000), it makes up the loss by relying on funds generated by the adjacent city-owned golf course ($2 million).[51] The stadium at the time was unable to finance many of the capital improvements it needed to be considered a modern facility, including new seats, wider aisles, additional exits, a wider concourse, a renovated press box, a state-of-the-art video scoreboard, new field lighting, ribbon boards, extra suites and a club. The estimated cost for such improvements ranges from $250 million and $300 million.[51] The stadium had long-term leases with its two major tenants, dci rose bowl, the Pasadena Tournament of Roses (2019) and UCLA (2023). In 2006, the Rose Bowl and the City of Dci rose bowl launched a $16.3 million capital improvement program that benefited both UCLA and the Tournament of Roses. New locker rooms for both UCLA and visiting teams, as well as a new media interview area were constructed.[19] The USC Athletic department attempted to negotiate brooklyn bowl halloween the Rose Bowl to play games there in 2007, out of concerns that the Los Angeles Coliseum Commission would not negotiate, in a decade-long rent impasse between the commission and the university.[97]

In April 2009, The Rose Bowl Dci rose bowl Company unveiled a Rose Bowl Strategic Plan, which addressed the objectives to improve public safety; enhance fan experience; maintain national historic landmark status; develop revenue sources to fund long-term improvements; and dci rose bowl facility operations. On October 11, 2010, the Pasadena City Council approved a $152 million financing plan for the major renovation of the stadium.[98] Groundbreaking ceremonies for the first of three phases of the project were held on January 25, 2011. The newly constructed video board was used for the June 25, 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup Final. The costs increased as the project went on, and by December 2012 were estimated at $194 Million and the project to be completed by 2015.[99] The Rose Bowl and UCLA leases were extended to 2043 and 2044 respectively.[99][100] The renovations were completed in 2016.[31] In 2019, the Rose Bowl reported a profit of $335,000[101] However, golf course usage has declined year after year, and UCLA football attendance has waned.[101] The stadium had reported $211.8 million in outstanding debt at the beginning of 2020.[101] The Rose Bowl is limited by law to 15 major events per year. But it can host an unlimited number of small events, such as weddings, for which it made $1.5 million in 2019.[101]

Notable dates[edit]

Seating and attendance records[edit]

  • Rose Bowl Game records: 1973 Rose Bowl, January 1, 1973, Attendance: 106,869. Number 1 dci rose bowl and undefeated USC vs. number 3 Ohio State. This is the stadium record, as well as the NCAA bowl game record.[1][19][38] The smallest Rose Bowl game crowd in the stadium was neon pink golf tees 1934 Rose Bowl with 35,000 in attendance to see Columbia defeat Stanford.[38] Three days of rain had turned the stadium into a small lake, and it rained on New Year's Day in 1934, one of the few times in the history of the tournament.[102] The largest crowd to dci rose bowl a Rose Bowl Game after the 1998 Rose Bowl and seating reconfiguration, was 95,173 in the 2014 Rose Bowl.
  • NFL Super Bowl record:Super Bowl XIV, Pittsburgh Steelers – Los Angeles Rams, January 20, 1980, Attendance: 103,985. This is an NFL post-season record.[103] This also stood as an overall NFL record until broken by a 1994 Pre-season game played at Estadio Azteca (Aztec Stadium) in Mexico City.[104][105]
  • 1984 Summer Olympics (Games of the XXIII Olympiad) Football (Soccer) Tournament – France defeated Brazil 2–0 in the final to win the gold medal on August 11. The attendance was 101,799 setting a record for the largest crowd for a soccer game held in the United States (since broken by a 2014 Manchester United-Real Madrid exhibition at the Michigan Stadium in Ann Arbor, Michigan which drew 109,318). The attendance was also the Olympic football record until the Final of the 2000 Olympic Football Tournament at dci rose bowl Stadium Hockey canadien montreal direct gratuit in Sydney which drew 104,098.[106]
  • College football regular season record:UCLA–USC, November 19, 1988, Attendance: 100,741.[107] Undefeated second-ranked USC (9–0) and quarterback Rodney Peete met sixth-ranked UCLA (9–1) and quarterback Troy Aikman with a berth in the Rose Bowl Game on the line. Since the 1998 renovations, the largest regular season crowd was for the 2002 UCLA-USC game, with an attendance of 91,084.[107] The largest attendance for a UCLA game, with an opponent other than USC, is 88,804, for the 2000 game against the Michigan Wolverines.[107] Breadsall priory intelligent golf lowest attendance with fans in seats for a UCLA regular season dci rose bowl was 32,513, against Oregon State on November 7, 1992.[108][109] The first game played at the Rose Bowl, on October 28, 1922, between USC and Cal had an attendance of 35,000.[110] All four UCLA home games during the 2020 football season had an official attendance of zero, due to restrictions from the Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on sports.[111]
  • Professional soccer record: June 16, 1996: In an historic doubleheader witnessed by 92,216 fans, dci rose bowl, the U.S. men's national team played Mexico for the championship of 1996 U.S. Cup, followed by the MLS conference leaders Los Angeles Galaxy vs. Tampa Bay Mutiny, dci rose bowl. The crowd was the largest ever to see a U.S. professional soccer league match.
  • 1994 FIFA World Cup:The final, held on July 17 saw Brazil defeat Italy dci rose bowl after a penalty shootout. Attendance was 94,194.
  • 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup:The final on July 10, 1999, was the most attended women's sports event in history with an official attendance of 90,185. The USA defeated China 5–4 in a penalty shootout.
  • 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup: 93,420 fans saw Mexico defeating the Dci rose bowl States 4–2 in the 2011 Gold Cup Championship match on June 25, 2011.
  • Soccer, exhibition match: On August 1, dci rose bowl, 2009, an attendance of 93,137 showed up when FC Barcelona defeated the Los Angeles Galaxy 2–1 in an exhibition match, dci rose bowl, making it the largest soccer attendance in the United States since the 1994 World Cup.[112] The Tour 2014 game between Manchester United vs. Los Angeles Galaxy had a crowd of 86,432 on July 23, 2014, after recent renovation of the stadium.[113]
  • Concert: British-Irish boy band One Direction played 3 sold out nights at the Rose Bowl in September 2014 on the same tour, making them the first act ever to accomplish this.

Other notable dates[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ab2002 NCAA Records book - Attendance RecordsArchived 2008-04-08 at the Wayback Machine page 494 (PDF)
  2. ^"Dirt Moving For Great Stadium". Pasadena Star-News: 13. March 4, 1922.
  3. ^1634–1699: McCusker, J. J. (1997). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States: Addenda et Corrigenda(PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1700–1799: McCusker, J. J. (1992). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States(PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1800–present: Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  4. ^Charleton, James H. (October 18, 1984). "The Rose Bowl"(pdf). National Register of Historic Places – Inventory Nomination Form. National Park Service. Retrieved 21 May 2012.
  5. ^"National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. April 15, 2008.
  6. ^ abNational Historic Landmarks Program - Rose BowlArchived 2008-12-08 at the Wayback Machine United States National Park Service
  7. ^Perego, Dylan. "Rose Bowl named 'Spieker Field' after UCLA alum donates $10 million". TheScore.com. Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  8. ^Bolch, Ben (19 September 2017). "Donor of $10 million to have name put on hedges of Rose Bowl field". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  9. ^Rose Bowl Stadium on Facebook. "Welcome to Spieker Field at the Rose Bowl Stadium, ladies and gentleman!". Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  10. ^"History". Rose Bowl Stadium. Rose Bowl Stadium. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  11. ^"Famed Rose Bowl to host FC Barcelona v LA Galaxy". FBBARCELONA.COM. FC Barcelona, dci rose bowl. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
  12. ^"Rose Bowl Stadium". InternationalChampionsCup.com. International Champions Cup. Archived from the original on 10 July 2015. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
  13. ^"Stadium saucer is begun by workmen". Pasadena Star-News: 7. February 28, 1922.
  14. ^"Vast Stadium Awaits Inaugural Throngs". Los Angeles May madness baseball tournament des moines. XLI: II 1. October 8, 1922.
  15. ^HUGE FLAGSTAFF FOR PASADENA. Enormous Steel Pole 122 and ½ Feet Long Will Stand in Rose Bowl. Los Angeles Times, December 10, 1922. MONDAY afternoon at 2 o'clock the new flagstaff of the Tournament of Roses stadium, now called the Rose Bowl, will be put in place with suitable ceremony under auspices of the Pasadena Lions Club, donor of the pole.
  16. ^ abcdeDellins, Marc (1989), "The Rose Bowl", 1989 UCLA FOOTBALL MEDIA GUIDE, Los Angeles: UCLA Sports Information Office, p. 254
  17. ^"Michigan Stadium Story". umich.edu. Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  18. ^University of Michigan Official Athletics siteArchived 2008-01-20 at the Wayback Machine – Michigan Stadium
  19. ^ abcdUCLA Dci rose bowl – 2007 UCLA Football (Media Guide). UCLA Athletic Department (2007), page 165 (PDF copy available at www.uclabruins.com)
  20. ^Rose Push solo bowl StadiumArchived 2009-09-07 at the Wayback Machine – History of the Rose Bowl Stadium
  21. ^Tournament of Roses Parade FAQsArchived 2007-08-14 at the Wayback Machine. The Rose Bowl Game is a contractual sellout. In 2006, attendance was 93,986.
  22. ^Historic information on the Rose Bowl StadiumArchived 2009-09-07 at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^https://www.dailynews.com/2021/08/30/ucla-football-game-attendance-was-less-than-50-of-rose-bowls-new-capacity/amp/
  24. ^Toby Zwikel, Noah Gold, Brian Robin, Brener Zwikel & Associates, Inc – Pasadena City Council approves $152 million renovation of iconic Rose Bowl City of Pasadena, October 12, 2010
  25. ^ abcPiasecki, Joe – Renovation Costs at Rose Bowl now estimated at $170 million. Los Angeles Times, September 23, 2012
  26. ^Rose Bowl America's Stadium, Los Angeles Times Advertising Supplement, dci rose bowl, August 29, 2012
  27. ^"Rose Bowl statue honors Brandi Chastain's '99 World Cup win". NBC Sports. July 11, 2019. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
  28. ^Jere Longman (July 5, 2019). "The Sports Bra Seen Round the World Has New Meaning 20 Years Later". New York Times.
  29. ^Jere Longman (July 5, 2003). "The Sports Bra Seen Round the World". New York Times.
  30. ^100 Greatest Sports Photos of All Time #14
  31. ^ abSmith, Kevin - Rose Bowl is finally nearing completion on its $183 million Renovation Pasadena Star News, August 28, 2017
  32. ^Keith Jackson Broadcast CenterArchived 2015-11-13 at the Wayback Machine, Rosebowlstadium.com, November 5, dci rose bowl, 2015
  33. ^SI's Top 20 Venues of the 20th Century. Sports Illustrated, June 7, 1999 "The Rose Bowl is more a postcard than a stadium, designed to seduce pasty Midwesterners with the California fantasy. How many Big Ten fans tuned in on those wintry New Year's Days to gawk at the blooming bougainvillea and started packing their station wagons at halftime? "
  34. ^Top 10 College Sports Venues: Number 1 – Rose BowlSports Illustrated. Text: Mallory Rubin. July 13, 2007
  35. ^Witz, Billy - In Pasadena, Moving the Rose Bowl Makes For Unusual Rancor - The New York Times (nytimes.com). New York Times, January 1, 2021
  36. ^Mandel, dci rose bowl, Stewart - CFP may relocate from Rose Bowl due to California restrictions: Sources. The Athletic, December 14, 2020. This is “The Granddaddy of Them All” for a reason. The Big Ten may have 14 teams and the Big 12 may have 10, but the Rose Bowl on New Year’s Day has always made sense. Every CFP decision has been made around the Rose Bowl’s reluctance to part with its coveted 5 p.m. ET time slot - and that stunning sunset over the San Gabriel Mountains — so embedded in the sport is the game. - Matt Fortuna - staff writer
  37. ^Lapointe, Joe - ON COLLEGE FOOTBALL; The Rose Bowl Loses Some of Its Luster, but Mystique Lingers. New York Times, January 4, dci rose bowl, 2002
  38. ^ abcNCAA Division 1 football records book. NCAA, 2007 Edition, pages 296-302 Major Bowl Game Attendance
  39. ^"Rose Bowl Timeline". Pasadena Tournament of Roses. Archived from the original on 2008-05-22. Retrieved 2007-11-05.
  40. ^Zimmerman, Paul "Scene of Rose Bowl Shifted to Durham, N.C." Los Angeles Times, December 16, dci rose bowl, 1941. Perpetuation of the annual Rose Bowl intersectional football, classic was assured yesterday when the Tournament of Roses officials and Oregon State College accepted the hospitality of Duke University.
  41. ^Beth Harris, Vizio to be new Rose Bowl sponsor, dci rose bowl, AP via BusinessWeek, October 19, 2010
  42. ^Fornelli, Tom. "Rose Bowl will not bid for 2020 College Football Playoff title dci rose bowl. CBS Sports. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  43. ^ abCrowe, Jerry – "There goes the neighborhood: How UCLA stadium bid was scuttled."Los Angeles Times, November 16, 2009
  44. ^Reich, Ken "Stadium for UCLA Given Support – Architect's Study Cites Project as 'Desirable' STADIUM SUPPORT". Los Angeles Times, November 18, 1965. UCLA officials--still reportedly trying to decide whether to recommend the building of a 44,000-seat football stadium on campus--have released details of an architectural feasibility study.
  45. ^UCLA History Project - This Month in History Aug. 18, 1982 … A gridiron home – dci rose bowl a photograph of the 1983 Rose Bowl game from an overhead shot
  46. ^The Discovery of Anti-Matter: The autobiography of Carl David Anderson, The Youngest Man To Win the Nobel Prize. Published 1999 by World Scientific (ISBN 981-02-3680-8)
  47. ^ abClark, N. Brooks – This Week 12.05.83. Sports Illustrated, December 5, 1983
  48. ^No. 1 Army vs. Navy Athlon Sports
  49. ^Army Navy Football 1983. Score: Navy 42 – Army 13

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