Estrella latina soccer league

  • 28.03.2019
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estrella latina soccer league

The division, which is responsible for creating sports content on Estrella TV, produces association football matches from Major League Soccer including Los. Mexican soccer club Cruz Azul was long thought to be so cursed that its very name de Derbez en México y acudieron en masa a ver a la estrella latina. Kelly Soccer League exige prueba negativa de Covid o vacuna para jugar en Deportivo Oro y Estrella Blanca por el brillo absoluto de la Liga Douglas.

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COVID continues affecting people worldwide, and A-listers are not exempt. Lionel Messi is one of four Paris Saint-Germain (PSG) players diagnosed with COVID According to the soccer club Messi, Juan Bernat, Sergio Rico, and Nathan Bitumazala are “in isolation and are subject to the appropriate health protocol,” they informed in a statement.

©GettyImages

After the news broke, fans of the Argentinian star are pointing fingers at another famous Argentinian. Followers of Messi are speculating that DJ Fer Palacio infected the year-old professional footballer.

After being accused and receiving death threats, Palacio took to social media to post a video message explaining the situation and denying that Messi‘s positive test is because they were spotted partying together recently.

“I am a trend on Twitter because Messi tested positive for COVID,” the DJ said on the video he shared on his Instagram account. “They relate this to me saying that I infected him. They have even called me ‘murderer.’ I have a lot of horrible private messages,” the year-old said. The DJ asked Lionel’s fans to stop and denied having the virus.

“Yesterday, I got tested because I have to travel to Uruguay,” he said, sharing an image of his recent negative COVID test, adding, “and I do not have COVID”

The seven-time Ballon d‘Or winner hasn’t said anything about Palacios; however, he shared encouraging words. “I can only give thanks for everything that I had to live in this ,” Messi wrote. “Even more so when many people had an awful time because of the s****y virus that never ends. Hopefully, brings a lot of health, which is what I wish you all for the new year. Hug to everyone!”

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Sport in Mexico

Overview of sports traditions and activities in Mexico

The most popular sport in Mexico currently is association football followed by boxing.[1][2] However, there are regional variations: for example, baseball is the most popular sport in the northwest and the southeast of the country. Basketball, American football and bull riding (called "Jaripeo") are also popular. The tradition of bullfighting remains strong in Mexico.

History of sport in Mexico[edit]

Mesoamerican ball game[edit]

Further information: Mesoamerican ball game

A stone ring located 9&#;m (30&#;ft) above the floor of the Great Ballcourt, Chichen Itza

The Pre-Columbian people of Mesoamerica have played the Mesoamerican ball game for over 3, years. Archaeologists found the oldest ballcourt yet discovered – dated to approximately BC – at Paso de la Amada in Mexico.[3] The exact rules of the traditional ballgame remain unknown. Researchers believe that the sport probably resembled racquetball or volleyball, where the object is to keep the ball in play.[4] The winner was sacrificed.

In their Post-Classical Era (– CE), the Maya began placing vertical stone rings on each side of the court, with the object of passing the ball through one. Several of these were placed quite high, as at Chichen Itza, where they stand 6 meters from the ground. Players would strike the ball with their hips or forearms, or employed rackets, bats, or hand-stones.[5]

The ball was made of rubber and weighed up to 4&#;kg or more, with sizes that differed greatly over time or according to the version played. Games took place between two individuals and between two teams of players. The ballgame played out within a large masonry structure which contained a long narrow playing alley flanked by walls with both horizontal and sloping (or, more rarely, vertical) surfaces. The walls were often plastered and brightly painted.[5] A version of the game called Ulama is still played in the Mexican state of Sinaloa.

Pelota purépecha has the Purépecha language, and is an Indigenous Mexican sport. A common variant, distinguished as pasárutakua in Purépecha, uses a ball which has been set on fire and can be played at night.[6][7] It has a league,[8] several practicing communities[6] and about players across Mexico as of [9] It is one of pre-Hispanic Mexican games at risk of dying out along with Ulama.[9]

Bullfighting[edit]

In the sixteenth century, the Spanish introduced bullfighting to colonial Mexico. The sport has been one of the most popular in the country for the last years. One of the most prominent bullfighters of the 20th century in Mexico was Carlos Arruza. He was known as "El Ciclón" ("The Cyclone").[citation needed]

Typically, a bullfight in Mexico includes a variety of rodeo events known as charreadas, and traditional folkloric dances. Thousands of bullfighting events occur in Mexico. In certain areas of the country, bullfighting generates a large amount of revenue from the local population, as well as visiting tourists.

As evidence of the popularity of the sport, the largest bullring in the world is the Plaza Mexico, located in Mexico City. The Plaza México has been host to many of the world's best and most famous bullfighters. The anniversary of the opening of Plaza Mexico is celebrated annually with a special bullfight called the "Corrida de Aniversario".[10][11][12][13]

Charrería[edit]

Charreada in progress with a charro attempting to catch a horse running.

Charrería is the national sport of Mexico, it dates back to the 16th century and consists of a series of Mexico-developed equestrian events. The most notable event is the charreada, a style of rodeo developed in Mexico in the interest of maintaining the traditions of the charro. A charro is a term referring to a traditional horseman or a cowboy of Mexico, originating in the state of Jalisco. The national horse of Mexico, used in Charreria, is the Azteca.

The Federación Mexicana de Charrería (Mexican Federation of Charreria) organizes charrería events.

Cockfight[edit]

Cockfighting is not banned in Mexico, and practiced in the Mexican states of Michoacán, Aguascalientes, Jalisco, Sinaloa, and Veracruz, mostly during regional fairs and other celebrations. Cockfights are performed in palenques (pits).[14] Cockfighting remains legal in the municipality of Ixmiquilpan and throughout Mexico.[15]

International Games Competitions[edit]

See also: Felipe Ramos Rizo

Olympic Games[edit]

Main article: Mexico at the Olympics

Opening of the Summer Olympics at the Estadio Olímpico Universitario in Mexico City

Mexico City hosted the Summer Olympics, the first time that the event was held in Latin America. Since then, the only edition of the Olympic Games held in the region was in , in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Mexico first participated at the Olympic Games in and has sent athletes to compete in every Summer Olympic Games since Mexico has also participated in several Winter Olympic Games since Mexico has performed best in athletics, boxing, equestrian, diving, and Swimming events, and more recently taekwondo and football.

Enriqueta Basilio made history by being the first woman to light the Olympic Cauldron at 19th Summer Olympics in Mexico City on 12 October

In diving, Mexico is the best Latin American representative with a long tradition of diving founded by Joaquín Capilla, a Mexican diver who won the largest number of Olympic medals among Mexican athletes. Many others who have excelled in World Championships and Olympics are Carlos Girón, Fernando Platas and Paola Espinosa who is the first latina woman to become world champion. Soraya Jiménez became the first ever female athlete from Mexico to win an Olympic gold medal in [16]

At the Summer Olympics, Mexico finished in thirty-ninth place; the Mexico team brought home seven medals, including their first gold medal won in football, and the rest of the medals in archery, diving, and taekwondo.

Pan American Games[edit]

See also: Mexico at the Pan American Games

The Pan American Games competition is held among athletes from nations of the Americas, every four years in the year before the Summer Olympic Games. Mexico Ranks 6th in the top ten nations all time at the Pan American Games (minus medals won at the Winter Pan American Games). Mexico and Canada have hosted three Pan American Games each, more than any other nation. Among cities, only Winnipeg and Mexico City have played host to the Pan American Games more than once, each holding that honor twice.

Similar to the Olympic flame, the Pan American Games flame is lit well before the Games are to commence. The flame was lit for the first games in Olympia, Greece. For subsequent games, the torch has been lit by Aztec people. in ancient temples, first in the Cerro de la Estrella and later in the Pyramid of the Sun at the Teotihuacan Pyramids. The only exception was for the São Paulo games in , when the torch was lit in Brasília by the indigenous Guaraní people. An Aztec then lights the torch of the first relay bearer, thus initiating the Pan American Games torch relay that will carry the flame to the host city's main stadium, where it plays an important role in the opening ceremony.

Central American and Caribbean Games[edit]

The Central American and Caribbean Games a multi-sport regional championship event, held quadrennial (once every four years), typically in the middle (even) year between Summer Olympics. The Games are for countries in Central America, the Caribbean, Mexico, and the South American Caribbean countries of Colombia, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela. They are designed to provide a step between sub-CACG-region Games held the first year following a Summer Olympics (e.g. Central American Games) and the Continental Championships, the Pan American Games, held the year before the Summer Olympics. The CACGs are the oldest continuing regional games in the world,[17] and only the Olympics have run longer. In , Mexico has hosted the CACG games four times, three in Mexico City and one in Veracruz. Mexico is also one of the three countries present at the first games and the first organizer of the Games. Mexico is the only country that has attended all editions, without a single absence and has the most medals and second most gold medals as of

Team sports[edit]

[edit]

See also: Football in Mexico and Women's football in Mexico

Mexico's most popular team sport is association football. Football is widely followed and practiced all over the country and it is considered the most popular sport in most states. It is believed that football was introduced in Mexico by English Cornishminers at the end of the 19th century. By a five-team league emerged with a strong English influence. Football became a professional sport in

Mexico has hosted two World Cup tournaments ( and ). Many of the stadiums in use in the league have a World Cup history. Sites such as Estadio Jalisco in Guadalajara, and Estadio Azteca in Mexico City are renowned for their national and international history. The legendary Estadio Azteca, for example, is one of the only two stadiums in the world to have hosted two men's World Cup finals (the other being the Maracana) and is one of the highest capacity stadiums in the world. Mexican's biggest stadiums are Estadio Azteca, Estadio Jalisco, Estadio BBVA Bancomer, Estadio Olímpico Universitario and Estadio Cuauhtémoc.

The FIFA World Cup in Mexico was broadcast to a global audience, and the wave or the Mexican wave was popularized worldwide after featuring during the tournament.[18][19][20]

Men's National team[edit]

The Mexico national football team (Spanish: Selección de fútbol de México) represents Mexico in association football and is governed by the Mexican Football Federation (FMF, from the native name of Federación Mexicana de Fútbol Asociación), the governing body for football in Mexico. Mexico's home stadium is the Estadio Azteca and their head coach is Gerardo Martino. The team is currently ranked 21st in the World Football Elo Ratings.

Javier Hernándezis the highest goalscorer of all time for the Mexico national team.

Mexico has qualified for fifteen FIFA World Cups and has qualified consecutively since , making it one of six countries to do so. The Mexico national team, along with Brazil and Germany, are the only nations to make it out of the group stage over the last six World Cups.[citation needed] Mexico played France in the very first match of the first World Cup on July 13, Mexico's best progression was reaching the quarter-finals in the and World Cups, both of which were staged on Mexican soil, and will host once again in sharing with Canada and United States.

The Mexico national football team won the FIFA Confederations Cup and the Gold Medal in London , finished twice as runners-up at the Copa América, won the FIFA U World Championship, and have reached the quarter finals twice at the World Cup. Recently, some players from Mexico have moved on to European clubs, including Rafael Márquez, Carlos Salcido, Ricardo Osorio, Pável Pardo, Andrés Guardado, Guillermo Franco, Carlos Vela, Giovani dos Santos, Omar Bravo, Aaron Galindo, Héctor Moreno, Francisco Javier Rodríguez and others.

Mexico is historically the most successful national team in the CONCACAF region, holding nine CONCACAF championships, including six CONCACAF Gold Cups, one North American Nations Cup and three NAFC Championships. Mexico is the only team from CONCACAF to have won an official FIFA competition, the FIFA Confederations Cup. Although Mexico is under the jurisdiction of CONCACAF, the national football team has been regularly invited to compete in the Copa América since finishing as runner-up twice and obtaining the third place medal on three occasions.

Men's Professional leagues[edit]

See also: Liga de Balompié Mexicano and United Premier Soccer League

The first Mexican club, C.F. Pachuca, survives. Since , the country has played two split seasons instead of a traditional long season. There are two separate playoff and league divisions. This system is common throughout Latin America. After many years of calling the regular seasons as "Verano" (Summer) and "Invierno" (Winter); the top-level Liga MX, formerly the Primera División, has changed the names of the competition, and has opted for a traditional name of "Apertura" (opening) and "Clausura" (closing) events. The Apertura division begins in the middle of Mexico's summer and ends before the official start of winter. The Clausura division begins during the New Year, and concludes in the spring season.

Inside Estadio BBVAduring a Clásico Regiomontano derby game.

Mexican football is divided into four divisions, beginning with Liga MX and followed by Ascenso MX, the Liga Premier, and Tercera División. The bottom two leagues translate literally as "Second Division" and "Third Division"; their names reflect their former positions in the league hierarchy before the Segunda División was split into two leagues, with the league now known as Ascenso MX becoming the new second level.

The teams are promoted and relegated by the FMF based on percentage calculations. Relegation is a common practice in Mexican football. There is a club exchange of each tier with the adjacent tiers so that a division's least successful team is relegated (transferred) to the next lower tier and the most successful club of the lower tier is promoted to the tier above. By the placement of each, the top tier cannot promote and the bottom tier cannot relegate.

The relegation system does not punish clubs for producing a single poor season. Mexican clubs are assessed on their previous five campaigns. Points are accumulated for five seasons, and are divided by the number of matches played. The club with the lowest percentage in the Apertura is relegated to a lower division. Each team must earn their promotions.

Since , Mexico's five most successful clubs in Mexican football league system matches have been América (13 championships), Chivas (12), Toluca (10), Cruz Azul (8) and Pumas (7).[21] America is the historical arch-nemesis of Chivas, so a match between the two is the Clásico Nacional derby that the entire country awaits. Another noted derby in Mexico is the Clásico Regiomontano between crosstown rival teams Monterrey and Tigres. Whereas the Clásico Nacional involves two teams from cities in different states the Clásico Regiomontano game involves two neighboring cities. Chivas are renowned for using only Mexican players in their squad. Consequently, they have long fed players to the Mexico national football team.

Men Players[edit]

Hugo Sánchez widely regarded as the greatest Mexican footballer of all time, was named best CONCACAF player of the 20th century by IFFHS. No other Mexican footballer has scored as many goals in Europe as Hugo Sánchez. He is the fourth highest scorer in the history of La Liga, the third highest scoring foreign player after Lionel Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo. Rafael Márquez the first Mexican to win the UEFA Champions League is considered by many the best defender in the country's football history. Márquez is Mexico's record World Cup player and one of only three players with appearances in five tournaments. Cuauhtémoc Blanco is the only Mexican football player to be presented with an award (The Silver Ball and Silver Shoe) in a major international FIFA competition ( FIFA Confederations Cup). He shares the record as the highest scorer of the tournament with Ronaldinho (nine goals in two editions). He has been awarded the MVP of the México Primera División League five times. Jorge Campos with the national team, appeared in three World Cups, two Confederation Cups, two Gold Cups and three Copas América. Horacio Casarín was sought out by defenders and fouled him mercilessly during a game between Casarin's Necaxa, and Asturias F.C., Necaxa fans were so angry that they burnt the Parque Asturias stadium. Horacio retired as the all-time Mexican scorer, with goals to his count. Antonio Carbajal was the first player to appear in five World Cups and the only Mexican player that has received the FIFA Order of Merit. Claudio Suárez is the most capped player in the history of Mexico national team with caps. As of , it was estimated that Mexico has over , registered players and 8,, unregistered players.

[edit]

See also: Kenti Robles

Maribel Dominguezwas captain and leading scorer of the Mexico women's national football team.

The Mexico women's national football team boasts one silver () and one bronze () in the Women's World Cup, though these accomplishments are not officially recognized, as they took place prior to FIFA's recognition of the women's game.

Mexico stopped allocating players to the NWSL management of the United States, having established its own women's league the Liga MX Femenil in , and the numbers of allocated players and international players on each team vary each year due to trades. Maribel Domínguez was a noted captain and leading scorer of the Mexico women's national football team.[22][23][24] She is known internationally as "Marigol" for her record of 46 goals scored in 49 matches for the Mexico women's national team.[25]

[edit]

Beach football is a variant of the sport of association football which was invented in Brazil. It is played on beaches, and emphasizes skill, agility and goal scoring. The FIFA Beach Football World Cup has been held annually since Mexico finished as runners up to Brazil in its first appearance at the Beach Football World Cup.

Recently indoor association football has become a popular sport in Mexico, being included as part of the Universiada (University National Games) and the "CONADEIP" (Private School Tournament), which match University school teams from all over Mexico. In Mexico, "indoor" football fields are commonly built outdoors, and the sport is known as "fútbol rápido" (fast football).

The Mexican team Monterrey La Raza joined the Major Indoor football League in and finished the season in second place during its inaugural year. A previous version of Monterrey La Raza (–) won three championships in the now defunct organizations Continental Indoor Football League and World Indoor Football League.

Baseball[edit]

See also: Mexico women's national softball team

Baseball has been traditionally known as the most popular sport in some regions of Mexico, mainly in Sonora and Sinaloa and arguably in Oaxaca, Yucatán, Campeche and Tabasco, where football is also widely followed. Other states where baseball has had some tradition include Baja California, Chihuahua, Durango, Coahuila, Veracruz, Puebla, Nuevo León and Quintana Roo, yet overshadowed by football in popularity. Nevertheless, Mexico has had relative success in the sport, probably just behind boxing and comparable to the success obtained in football.

Although there is some dispute about exactly when and where baseball started in Mexico, baseball has a long and colorful history in Mexico, particularly in the north, with historians placing its origin there as early as the s. Today, baseball flourishes in Mexico, where it is played professionally in both summer and winter.

Over Mexicans have played in the major leagues in the United States, including Cy Young Award winner Fernando Valenzuela, top home run hitterVinny Castilla, Gold Glove Award winner Aurelio Rodríguez, and AL batting champion Bobby Ávila. The first Mexican to play in Major League Baseball in the United States was Mel Almada, who participated with the Boston Red Sox in

The Mexican Baseball League ("Liga Mexicana de Béisbol" or "LMB") was founded in , establishing six teams, and playing all their matches in Mexico City. In the s and s, African-Americans from the United States – who were still barred from Major League Baseball until Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier in – played alongside Mexicans and Cubans in the Mexican League. In , legendary Negro leagues' stars Satchel Paige and "Cool Papa Bell" left the Pittsburgh Crawfords to play in Latin America. After playing a year in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, Paige and Bell joined the Mexican League.

Flags of the 16 countries which participated in the I Clásico

In the s, multi-millionaire Jorge Pasquel attempted to turn the Mexican League into a first-rate rival to the major leagues in the United States.[26] In , Pasquel traveled north of the border to pursue the top players in the Negro and major leagues. Pasquel signed up close to twenty major leaguers, including such well known names as Mickey Owen and Sal Maglie, and a number of Negro league players. Ultimately, Pasquel's dream faded, as financial realities led to decreased salaries and his high-priced foreign stars returned home.

Currently, 16 teams divided into North and South Divisions play in the Mexican Baseball League in a summer season, which ends in a 7-game championship series between the winners of the two divisions. Since , the league has been sanctioned as an AAA minor league, though no team has an affiliation with any team in the United States.

In the winter, eight teams play in the Mexican Pacific League ("Liga Mexicana del Pacífico" or "LMP"), whose winner advances to the Caribbean Series against other Latin American champions. Although the Mexican League has a longer history, the Mexican Pacific League is the premier baseball league in Mexico today. It is played during the Major League Baseball (MLB) off-season, so many MLB players also compete in the LMP.

The Mexican Professional Baseball Hall of Fame has inducted players, consisting of Mexicans, 16 Cubans, 12 from the United States, and one Puerto Rican.[27][28] Distinguished players include MLB stars Roy Campanella and Monte Irvin, who played in the Mexican League in the s. Nicknamed "El Bambino Mexicano", or the Mexican Babe Ruth, Héctor Espino was inducted in the Mexican Hall of Fame in , after playing with San Luis Potosí, and Tampico from to His home runs remained the record until Nelson Barrera surpassed him in Espino still holds the all-time records in many offensive categories.

The Mexico national baseball team represents Mexico in international tournaments, most notably the World Baseball Classic. In the Bronze Medal Game of the Premier12 tournament in Tokyo, Mexico defeated USA, , in 10 innings to earn a spot in the Olympic Games.

The country's softball team, finished fourth with a loss to Canada in the bronze-medal game at The Tokyo Olympics. The games were Mexico's first foray into Olympic softball.

Basketball[edit]

See also: Mexico national basketball team

Basketball is the third most popular team sport in Mexico. Mexico has a few professional basketball leagues, the top professional league is the Liga Nacional de Baloncesto Profesional where the Halcones UV Xalapa are the most successful team of the league, having won the competition four times. The best teams of the LNBP advance to the FIBA Americas League. In the northwestern states is the CIBACOPA competition, with professional basketball players from Mexico and U.S. universities. This regional league have a stake in the rest months of the LNBP.

Manuel Raga is the first and only Mexican inducted in the FIBA Hall of Fame. In Horacio Llamas made history by becoming the first Mexican to participate in an NBA game. Since then, several Mexicans followed, including Eduardo Nájera, Earl Watson, Gustavo Ayón and Jorge Gutiérrez; also, Manuel Raga and Gustavo Ayón had notable triumphs in the European Basket, as the only Mexican champions in the EuroLeague.

The best results of the National team is the 1st place in the Americas Championship, for qualify to the Basketball World Cup, where it reached the playoffs, the team also won the Bronze Medal in Berlin The nation hosted the FIBA AmeriCup in and [29]

Gimnasio Nuevo León Independiente one of the most modern multipurpose venue located in the city of Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico. It was inaugurated on October 7, and is home to Fuerza Regia de Monterrey.

In December , commissioner Adam Silver of the National Basketball Association (NBA) announced Capitanes de Ciudad de México, a Mexican professional basketball team based in Mexico City, were joining the NBA G League.[30] The Capitanes join the NBA G League for the –22 season, initial plan was starting from the –21 season, the team would play in the G League for five seasons and be the first team outside the United States and Canada.

[edit]

See also: List of Hispanic professional American football players and International Player Pathway

American football (gridiron) has been played in Mexico since the early s, and is a strong minority sport at Mexican colleges and universities, mainly in Monterrey. American football is the fourth most popular team sport in Mexico. The maximum competition is the Liga de Fútbol Americano Profesional (LFA).[31] The Liga de Fútbol Americano Profesional was founded in [32] with 4 initial teams (Raptors, Eagles, Condors and Mayas), all based in Mexico City. On February 21 it held the first game and the championship game was held on April 10, leaving the Mayas as champions and the Raptors as runners-up.[33] The LFA has since expanded to eight members as of There are plans to expand the league and increase the number of teams and the number of participating states. Funded in , the Fútbol Americano de México (FAM) is considerad as a rival to the LFA given they compete for television spaces, players, coaches and in general for the same market segment. The team that became champion of the first season are the Pioneros de Querétaro (Pioneers of Querétaro).

Before this professional league was founded, the maximum competition of American football in Mexico was at the college level. American football has been played in Mexico since the early s in different colleges and universities, mainly in Mexico City. In the first college championship was played, organized by Jorge Braniff. Over successive decades, more universities and colleges joined the championship, and four categories, called "Fuerzas", were created. The First Fuerza became the National League in In , this was reorganized under the name "Organización Nacional Estudiantil de Fútbol Americano" (ONEFA).[34] In a breakaway league, CONADEIP, was formed by the Monterrey Tech system, UDLAP and additional private universities.

The Aztec Bowl is an NCAA sanctioned college division post-season bowl in which American Division III college All-stars face off against a team of Mexican all-stars.

The Mexico national American football team has competed in the IFAF World Cup, which has been held every four years since Mexico participated in and , finishing second in both competitions.

Raul Allegre is a former football placekicker in the National Football League (NFL); he played for the Baltimore Colts, the Indianapolis Colts, the New York Giants, and the New York Jets. Later eventually leading to his current work as color commentator for Monday Night Football with Álvaro Martín for ESPN in Latin America. He also appears on NFL32 and contributes to other ESPN programs.[35]Isaac Alarcón was signed by the Dallas Cowboys in as a part of the league's International Player Pathway program.

Mexico's Estadio Azteca is also notable as being the venue of the NFL-game with the all-time record attendance of , on October 2,

Rugby union[edit]

Main article: Rugby union in Mexico

Rugby in Mexico has a long tradition dating back to the early s when Europeans were migrating to Mexico. Though rugby has been a minor sport in Mexico, the Mexican Rugby Federation was established, and the sport has been steadily increasing in popularity, with around twelve teams competing in the top league. The Mexican national rugby sevens team have achieved some good results in international tournaments, including taking third place at the NACRA Sevens.

Polo[edit]

Memo Gracidaplaying in Florida in
Photo by David Lominska.

Polo was first popularized by the Escandon-Barron family in the late nineteenth century. Three members of the Escandon-Barron family would win a bronze medal at the Olympics. The Mexican polo team also won an Olympic bronze medal in , the last Olympic Games which featured polo.

Mexico hosted the World Polo Championship in The World Polo Championship has been held every three years by the Federation of International Polo since Mexico's best finishes have been second place in , and third place in and

The best Mexican polo player is Carlos Gracida, who is also considered to be one of the best polo players in the sport. He has accumulated more tournament wins than any other athlete in the history of the sport, winning the Abierto Argentino de Palermo tournament five times, the British Open Gold Cup ten times, and the US Open nine times. Carlos' brother, Memo Gracida, is a polo player of international renown as well and a member of the Polo Hall of Fame. The two have teamed together to win numerous tournaments worldwide.

Basque pelota[edit]

Basque pelota is the name for a variety of court sports played with a ball using one's hand, a racket, a wooden bat, or a basket propulsor, against a wall. Since , the International Federation of Basque Pelota has organized the World Championships of Basque pelota every four years. Mexico hosted the world championships in , and Mexico gave its best performance at the games when they led all nations with six gold medals.

Frontenis is a variation of the Basque pelota game, itself a derivation of real tennis. It was created in in Mexico, when the idea of merging tennis and the traditional Basque pilota emerged. It is played in one of the largest courts in racquet sports with a tennis racquet that contains an optional custom double string called "doble encordado" and a tiny frontenis ball.

Racquetball[edit]

Players in a game of frontenis

Racquetball is a popular sport that is played in Mexico. The Racquetball World Championships were first held in and have been played every two years since San Luis Potosí hosted the championships in and Álvaro Beltrán was World Champion in , and Mexican men have won the doubles titles four times: in (Luis Bustillos & Javier Moreno), (Polo Gutierrez & Gilberto Mejia), (Moreno & Beltran), and in (Moreno & Beltran).[36] while the Mexican teams have finished among the top three in men's and top four in women's since [37]

Paola Longoria was the #1 player on the Women's Professional Racquetball Organization tour at the end of its – season, becoming the first woman not from Canada or the US to do so. She also won gold at the and World Games, and again is the first non-American woman to do so. Additionally, in , she became the first player to win both the singles and doubles Racquetball World Championship.

Racquetball will be included in the Pan American Games in Guadalajara.

Ice hockey[edit]

Main article: Ice hockey in Mexico

A Mexico men's national ice hockey team jersey at the Hockey Hall of Fame in Toronto, (Canada).

Pelota purépecha (Spanish for "Purépecha ball"), called Uárukua Ch'anakua (literally "a game with sticks") in the Purépecha language, is an Indigenous Mexican sport similar to those in the Hockey family. Although not a mainstream sport in Mexico, ice hockey is played in larger cities like Monterrey, Guadalajara, Villahermosa, Culiacán, León and Mexico City.

The Mexican Elite League is the top level of ice hockey in Mexico. The Mexican Elite League, was inaugurated on 2 October with the aim to establish Mexico as a high-level international competitor in ice hockey. Currently it has 4 professional teams and 17 associated equipment.

The "Federación Deportiva de Mexico de Hockey Sobre Hielo" (Mexico National Ice Hockey Federation) regulates all tournaments in Mexico. The Mexican hockey league includes 7 federation clubs and 8 independent clubs.[38] Mexico is also the only Latin American full member of the International Ice Hockey Federation and competes in international tournaments.[39] Claudia Téllez, at 32 became the first Mexican national to sign for the Canadian Women's Hockey League and Jorge Perez, became the first Mexican-born player at the Junior A level in Canada for Rayside-Balfour. American Auston Matthews, of the Toronto Maple Leafs center and the NHL's No. 1 draft pick in , has Mexican heritage by way of his mother and so due Scott Gomez and Canadian Raffi Torres. In Mexico's women's ice hockey team won a gold in Iceland, in their six-team division of the women’s world championship. It was the first gold-medal win for Mexico at a full International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) world championship event. The team formed in The team’s win this past week in Akureyri, Iceland, which left it in 27th place in the women’s championships, earned it a promotion from Group B to Group A in Division II for next year.[40] Xavier A. Gutierrez born in Guadalajara, Mexico serves as the President and CEO of Arizona Coyotes the first Latino team President & CEO in NHL history.

Beach volleyball[edit]

Mexico featured national teams in beach volleyball that competed at the – NORCECA Beach Volleyball Continental Cup in both the women's and the men's sections.[41]

Individual sports[edit]

Boxing[edit]

See also: Puerto Rican – Mexican boxing rivalry

Canelo Álvarezis a multiple-time world champion in three weight classes.

Mexican sport is also known for its boxing tradition. Boxing is the most popular individual sport in Mexico. Mexico is also the second in total number of world champions produced, after the United States,[42] and has recently produced more World Champions in the last 30 years.[43] The first boxing champion Mexico produced was Battling Shaw when he became the Light Welterweight Champion by outpointing Johnny Jadick in Thirteen Olympic boxing medals have been won by Mexico.[44]

International Boxing Hall of Fame members include Julio César Chávez, Sr., Salvador Sánchez, Ricardo Lopez, José Nápoles, Rubén Olivares, Baby Arizmendi, Pipino Cuevas, Chiquita González, Sugar Ramos, Daniel Zaragoza, Miguel Canto, Vicente Saldivar, Carlos Palomino, and Carlos Zárate. Other prominent Mexican boxers include World Boxing Hall of Fame members, Kid Azteca, Jesús Pimentel, Lupe Pintor, Juan Zurita, Jorge Paez and José Luis Ramírez. More recent champions include Canelo Álvarez, Julio César Chávez Jr., Marco Antonio Barrera, Érik Morales, Juan Manuel Márquez, Rafael Márquez, Israel Vázquez and Juan Francisco Estrada.

Mexico's biggest rival in the sport of boxing is Puerto Rico. There have been many classic match ups between the two such as Salvador Sánchez–Wilfredo Gómez, Gómez–Carlos Zárate Serna and many more. Other great match ups are between two Mexican fighters and Mexican vs. Mexican-American. Good examples of fighting between two Mexicans are the Barrera vs. Morales trilogy and the Márquez-Vázquez rivalry. A good example of a Mexican vs a Mexican-American are Bobby Chacon vs. Rafael Limón, Chiquita González vs Carbajal, (particularly so Michael Carbajal vs. Humberto González I) Márquez vs Díaz, and Corrales versus Castillo.

Other Combat Sports[edit]

Taekwondo[edit]

María Espinozabecame the first Mexican woman to win medals at three Olympic Games.

Taekwondo was introduced to Mexico in by Korean MexicanDai Won Moon.[45] With over &#;million taekwondo practitioners and 3, schools throughout the country, taekwondo is one of the most popular sports in the nation.[45] Mexico has also been competitive on the international level in the sport of taekwondo. Over forty Mexican taekwondo practitioners have medaled at the World Taekwondo Championships.[46]

Taekwondo made its official debut at the Summer Olympics and Mexican athletes have medaled in the sport in every Olympics since then. Mexican athletes won a bronze medal in taekwondo at the Summer Olympics, a silver and bronze medal at the Summer Olympics, two gold medals at the Summer Olympics, a bronze medal at the Summer Olympics and a silver medal at the Summer Olympics. María Espinoza has medaled at the , and Olympics. Mexico currently ranks 4th on the total medal count for taekwondo, its best performance for any Olympic sport. Jackie Galloway was an alternate for the Mexican team at the Olympics.[47]

Mixed Martial Arts[edit]

Mixed martial arts has achieved popularity in the early 21st century. Many companies promote MMA cards, with the U.S.-based UFC the most dominant. Brandon Moreno made history when he became the first Mexico-born champion in UFC history.

Tennis[edit]

The Abierto Mexicano Telcel is a tennis tournament held in Acapulco, Mexico. It is an event on both the ATP Tour (International Series Gold event) and the WTA Tour (Tier III).

Rafael Osuna is the best tennis player to come out of Mexico. He was ranked number one in when he won the U.S. Open Championship. Osuna led Mexico to the Davis Cup, becoming the first team from Latin America to compete for the trophy. Osuna would go on to win a Grandslam singles championship in He also won the U.S. Open Doubles Championship in , the Wimbledon double's championship in and , and a doubles tennis Olympic gold medal in Osuna was killed in a plane crash in at the age of In , the Intercollegiate Tennis College Association NCAA instituted "The Rafael Osuna Sportsmanship Award" in his honor. Later that year, the Chapultepec Club, renamed its stadium "Rafael Osuna Stadium". He was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in

Raúl Ramírez was the first player to finish first in both singles and doubles Grand Prix point standings, accomplishing the feat in Raúl Zurutuza is the director of Mextenis, which organizes Mexico's Acapulco and Los Cabos tennis tourneys. Plaza de Toros México become a tennis court and hosted, as Roger Federer faced Germany’s Alexander Zverev on November 23, A record tennis crowd of more than 42, watched, the attendance figure smashed an almost decade-old record of 35,, set in

Auto racing[edit]

Main article: Formula One drivers from Mexico

The most notable Mexican professional auto racers have been Pedro Rodríguez, who was the winner of the 24 Hours of Le Mans, and his brother Ricardo Rodríguez, who at age 18 finished second at the 24 Hours of Le Mans, becoming the youngest ever to stand on the podium. He was also the youngest F1 driver at that time. They were both considered among the top drivers before their untimely deaths.

The Mexico City racetrack Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez ("Rodríguez Brothers Racetrack") was named in their honor. Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez has hosted several racing events including the Formula 1 (–, –, –present), Champ Car World Series (– and –), World Sportscar Championship, Grand-Am, Trans-Am, IMSA, A1 Grand Prix, NASCARNationwide Series, Formula BMW World Finals, Champ Car Atlantic Series, Panam GP Series and NASCAR Mexico Corona Series.

More recently Sergio Pérez and Esteban Gutiérrez have re-established a Mexican presence in F1. Before them, Héctor Rebaque competed in the F1 between and , their best position was 10th in the season, and Jo Ramírez worked for a number of F1 teams, most notably as team co-ordinator for McLaren in the s and s.

The A1 Team Mexico is the Mexican team of A1 Grand Prix, the World Cup of Motorsport; Salvador Durán has earned two victories for the team.

Adrián Fernández has become a popular driver in Mexico since the s and reached his climax when he finished in second place during the CART season. Fernández co-founded the Fernández Racing with which he championed the American Le Mans Series and previously won in Champ Car, the IRL IndyCar Series, and Grand-Am. Memo Rojas and Luis Díaz have also been successful in formula racing and sports car racing.

Carlos Contreras was the first Mexican-born driver racing full-time in any NASCAR national series. Daniel Suárez won the NASCAR Xfinity Series championship.

Since , Rally Mexico is a round of the FIAWorld Rally Championship, held in the state of Guanajuato, and over time it has become one of the most popular rounds of the championship.

Other auto racing events currently held in Mexico include the Baja , the World's most important off-road race, taking place on Mexico's Baja California Peninsula and with the Mexicans normally winning various categories. Racing events formerly held in Mexico include the Tecate/Telmex Grand Prix of Monterrey and the Carrera Panamericana, which is now held as one of the premiere vintage racing events of the World.

Golf[edit]

Lorena Ochoa; the recently retired number one female golfer, pictured here in

Golf is a popular sport in Mexico.[48] There are over golf courses in the country. Lorena Ochoa, who was the number-one-ranked female golf player in the world before abruptly retiring in , has helped increase the popularity of golf in the country. On 10 November , Gaby López won her first LPGA Tour event at the Blue Bay LPGA and was the flag bearer for Mexico at the opening Summer Olympics.

Professional golf tournaments held in Mexico includes, the Corona Championship, MasterCard Classic, Lorena Ochoa Invitational, Mayakoba Golf Classic at Riviera Maya-Cancún, and the Mexican Open.

Jockey[edit]

Victor Espinoza won the Triple Crown of thoroughbred racing in on American Pharoah. He began riding in his native Mexico and went on to compete at racetracks in California. The first Hispanic jockey to win the award. Other well known jockeys include Jose L. Espinoza and Mario Gutierrez.

Fencing[edit]

Pilar Roldán was the first Mexican woman to win an Olympic medal (a silver in the Olympic games in Mexico City) and was also part of the first father-daughter team (her father was the famous tennis player Ángel Roldán) in the Pan-American games in

Track and field[edit]

The meter event became popular when Ana Guevara became world champion in Raúl González set the world record in the kilometres racewalk twice in ( and ). As of October , it still was the North American record.

María Lorena Ramírez Hernández, a Mexican long-distance and ultra-fund runner, became known worldwide after having won the UltraTrail Cerro Rojo in ultra-distance race of 50 kilometers, in a time of and for having also done it with huaraches and her long skirt, without footwear or sports equipment. Her story became a breathtaking short documentary in the film Lorena, Light-Footed Woman for Netflix.[49][50]

Climbing[edit]

Elsa Ávila was the first Latin American woman to reach the Mount Everest summit in , but she has also been the first to accomplish several other climbs. She specializes in big wall climbs and was the first Latin American woman to climb El Capitán in Yosemite, the Rockies, the Alps, the Andes, the Himalayas, Patagonia and Baffin Island in the Arctic Circle.

Skiing[edit]

Rodolfo Dickson was the first Mexican alpine skier representing Mexico to win an international ski race, winning in Super-G in January [51][52][53][54][55]

Sports leagues in Mexico[edit]

Major sports leagues[edit]

The following table shows the most popular major professional sports leagues in Mexico and that have a national TV contract that pays rights fees.

LeagueSportTeamsNational TV contractAverage
Attendance
Total Annual
Attendance
Ref
Liga MXAssociation football18Claro, ESPN, Fox Sports, Grupo Imagen, Televisa, TV Azteca23,8,,[56]
Mexican Baseball League (LMB)Baseball18Claro, ESPN, Multimedios, Once, Televisa, TV Azteca5,5,,[56]
Mexican Pacific League (LMP)Baseball10Televisa9,3,,[56]
National Professional Basketball League (LNBP)Basketball10Multimedios, Once, Televisa, TVC Deportes4,1,,[56]
Liga MX FemenilAssociation football18ESPN, Fox Sports, Televisa, TVC Deportes, TV Azteca, TVP2,1,,[56]
Liga de Expansión MXAssociation football17Claro, ESPN, Fox Sports, Multimedios, Televisa, TVC Deportes4,,[56]
Basketball Circuit of the Pacific Coast (CIBACOPA)Basketball9Megacable, Telemax, TVC Deportes1,,[56]
Professional American Football League (LFA)American football10Claro, Multimedios, RCG Televisión, Televisa[56]

Other team sports leagues[edit]

Other individual sports leagues[edit]

International sporting events hosted by Mexico[edit]

Italic text indicates upcoming events hosted by Mexico.

Sports entertainment[edit]

Lucha libre (wrestling)[edit]

Mexican professional wrestling, which is known as lucha libre, has been a popular spectacle in Mexico since , when promoter Salvador Lutteroth Gonzales founded Empresa Mexicana de Lucha Libre. Like other forms of professional wrestling, it is not strictly a sport, but rather a form of sports entertainment, as matches usually have predetermined outcomes. Lucha libre is characterized by rapid sequences of holds and moves, as well as spectacular high-flying moves, many of which have been adopted in the United States.[57] The two most popular lucha libre promotions are Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (CMLL), and Lucha Libre AAA World Wide (AAA). Notable wrestling stars include El Santo, Blue Demon, and Mil Máscaras. The original "Big Three" of the lucha libre tradition in Mexico, other legendary wrestlers are Perro Aguayo, Rayo de Jalisco, and Huracán Ramírez.

In , Alberto Del Rio and fellow professional wrestler Chavo Guerrero Jr. created their own promotion, Nación Lucha Libre. The promotion aired its first show on a television channel.[58]

Recently, Mexican wrestlers had more participation in foreign wrestling companies like WWE, AEW, ROH, NWA, IMPACT WRESTLING and NJPW; these wrestlers are Blue Demon Jr, Alberto Del Rio, Penta 0M, Rey Fenix, Laredo Kid, Rush, Dragon Lee, Flamita, Gran Metalik, Andrade El Idolo, Humberto Carrillo, Angel Garza, Santos Escobar, etc.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^"Manny Pacquiao-Juan Manuel Márquez III sets ratings record in Mexico – News – FOX Sports on MSN". FOX Sports. November 16, Retrieved March 28,
  2. ^"A Road Trip, Mexican Style, to Watch the Cowboys."The New York Times. By JULIÁN AGUILAR Published: December 17,
  3. ^See Hill, Blake and Clark (); Schuster ().
  4. ^Noble, p.
  5. ^ abQuirarte, p
  6. ^ abMichoacán ─ La Dirección General de Culturas Populares(in Spanish)
  7. ^Pelota P’urhépecha ─ Federación Mexicana de Juegos y Deportes Autóctonos y Tradicionales(in Spanish)
  8. ^Crazy Fireball Hockey ─ Trans World Sport
  9. ^ abMexico revives ancient games ─ USA Today
  10. ^Pilot casinoextra.fr: Battle to the Death: Mexican BullfightingArchived October 17, , at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^"SHARK – Investigations and Campaigns Against Animal Abuse". Retrieved March 28,
  12. ^"Bullfighting in Mexico: The conquest of fear, Latino style". Retrieved March 28,
  13. ^JAUS. "Clickon Cuernavaca – Inicio". Retrieved March 28,
  14. ^Aleksin H. Ortega, "Cockfighting" in Encyclopedia of Latino Culture: From Calaveras to Quinceaneras, Vol. 1 (ed. Charles M. Tatum: Greenwood, ), pp.
  15. ^The Tradition of Cockfighting in Mexico, Digg.
  16. ^Profile: "Soraya Jimenez"Archived 11 October at the Wayback Machinecasinoextra.fr (Retrieved on 19 January )
  17. ^History of CACSOArchived July 25, , at the Wayback Machine from the CACSO website (casinoextra.fr); retrieved
  18. ^"Who invented the Mexican Wave?". BBC. Retrieved September 12,
  19. ^Andy Jackson (Jun 11 ) Fan Crazes Australian Four Four Two. Retrieved 25 August
  20. ^“The greatest World Cup moments. # The Mexican Wave”The Independent. Retrieved 25 August
  21. ^"Mexico – List of Champions". casinoextra.frll Statistics Foundation.
  22. ^EFE (October 7, ). "Maribel Dominguez to Lead Mexican Women Soccer Team". Retrieved November 2,
  23. ^Butler, Signa (January 27, ). "Canadian centre backs to play key role vs. Mexico". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved November 2,
  24. ^Jones, Grahame L. (June 27, ). "Women's Soccer in Mexico Gets a Cross-Border Kick". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 1,
  25. ^Tuckman, Jo (January 4, ). "Jo Tuckman meets Mexican female footballer Maribel Domínguez". The Guardian. London. Retrieved August 1,
  26. ^Nicholl, Conor (November 14, ). "Pasquel was a force for integration". casinoextra.fr. Retrieved December 27,
  27. ^Salón de la Fama del Beisbol Profesional de MéxicoArchived October 2, , at the Wayback Machine
  28. ^Salón de la Fama del Beisbol Profesional de MéxicoArchived October 2, , at the Wayback Machine
  29. ^"FIBA – Mexico to host FIBA Americas Championship". FIBA. Retrieved October 12,
  30. ^"NBA G League Expands to Mexico City in Landmark Partnership with Capitanes". casinoextra.fr. December 12, Retrieved December 16,
  31. ^"Mancera presenta la Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional". January 12,
  32. ^"Nace liga profesional de americano en México". September
  33. ^"Presentan trofeo del 1er Tazón México – LFA". Archived from the original on May 12,
  34. ^"La Página Oficial de la ONEFA" (in Spanish). Organización Nacional Estudiantil de Fútbol Americano. Retrieved January 18,
  35. ^Gola, Hank (September 18, ). "Former Giants/Jets kicker Raul Allegre helps NFL celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month". New York Daily News. Daily News, LP. Retrieved February 18,
  36. ^
Источник: [casinoextra.fr]

By Jeimmy Paola Sierra

La Union, Colombia, Nov 28 (EFE).- La Union, the Colombian city where a plane carrying Brazil&#;s Chapecoense soccer club crashed on Nov. 18, , paid tributes on Sunday to the victims on the 5th anniversary of the tragedy.

An emotional event was held in the village of Pantalio, located on the border of the municipalities of La Union and La Ceja, to remember the 71 people killed in that crash, the six survivors, and the emergency personnel who participated in the rescue and recovery effort at Cerro Chapecoense.

The ceremony took place at a local school under the shadow of Brazilian, Colombian, Bolivian, Paraguay, and Venezuelan flags.

Diplomats, religious leaders, officials, and residents of the area who had witnessed the tragedy were among those present.

The event included performances by a symphonic band, a religious ceremony, a flypast of helicopters, an exchange of memories and reflections.

&#;A tribute is not a farewell to the deceased, but a see you soon,&#; said Father José Giraldo, who described the accident as a &#;seed of unity&#; between Colombia and Brazil.

Those who attended the event included air traffic controller Yaneth Molina in the jerseys of Colombia&#;s Atletico Nacional and Brazil&#;s Chapecoense.

Colombia&#;s Atletico Nacional and Brazil&#;s Chapecoense were to play the first leg of the final of the Copa Sudamericana, South America&#;s second-most prestigious club competition, two days after the crash.

Molina said she was &#;the last person who provided service&#; to the Bolivian charter airline LaMia that departed from Bolivia with 77 people on board but never arrived at the airport of Rionegro, near Medellín.

&#;I am happy to be here commemorating that situation that was so difficult for everyone. We must pay tribute to them. It is also a way of healing&#;of being at peace,&#; Molina told EFE.

La Union&#;s fire brigade commander, Fabian Mejia, one of the first to reach the accident site, remembered the strong smell of fuel, the fear he felt, and the injured signaling for help using lights.

Five years after the tragedy, he expressed his frustration at not having been able to do more to help the victims that night on that mountain in the department of Antioquia.

The honorary consul of Brazil, Sergio Escobar, praised the work of &#;the heroes at that time,&#; including several inhabitants of La Union.

He also pointed out that the accident had given rise to a feeling of &#;brotherhood&#; and &#;solidarity&#; between Brazil and Colombia.

La Union Mayor Edgar Osorio also announced a sanctuary as a &#;monument of brotherhood.&#;

There is a chapel atop the fateful mountain, along with 71 crosses with victim names.

Some local inhabitants have made small museums in their homes with replicas of the plane, flags, photographs, and aircraft fragments to keep the memory of the incident alive. EFE

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Источник: [casinoextra.fr]
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COVID continues affecting people worldwide, and A-listers are not exempt. Lionel Messi is one of four Paris Saint-Germain (PSG) players diagnosed with COVID According to the soccer club Messi, Juan Bernat, Sergio Rico, and Nathan Bitumazala are “in isolation and are subject to the appropriate health protocol,” they informed in a statement.

©GettyImages

After the news broke, fans of the Argentinian star are pointing fingers at another famous Argentinian. Followers of Messi are speculating that DJ Fer Palacio infected the year-old professional footballer.

After being accused and receiving death threats, Palacio took to social media to post a video message explaining the situation and denying that Messi‘s positive test is because they were spotted partying together recently.

“I am a trend on Twitter because Messi tested positive for COVID,” the DJ said on the video he shared on his Instagram account. “They relate this to me saying that I infected him. They have even called me ‘murderer.’ I have a lot of horrible private messages,” the estrella latina soccer league said. The DJ asked Lionel’s fans to stop and denied having the virus.

“Yesterday, I got tested because I have to travel to Uruguay,” he said, sharing an image of his recent negative COVID test, adding, “and I do not have COVID”

The seven-time Ballon d‘Or winner hasn’t said anything about Palacios; however, he shared encouraging words. “I can only give thanks for everything that I had to live in this ,” Messi wrote. “Even more so when many people had an awful time because of the s****y virus that never ends. Hopefully, estrella latina soccer league, brings a lot of health, which is what I wish you all for the new year. Hug to everyone!”

Источник: [casinoextra.fr]

By Jeimmy Paola Sierra

La Union, Colombia, Nov 28 (EFE).- La Union, the Colombian city where a plane carrying Brazil&#;s Chapecoense soccer club crashed on Nov. 18,paid tributes on Sunday to the victims on the 5th anniversary of the tragedy.

An emotional event was held in the village of Pantalio, located on the border of the municipalities of La Union and La Ceja, to remember the 71 people killed in that crash, the six survivors, and the emergency personnel who participated in the rescue and recovery effort at Cerro Chapecoense.

The ceremony took place at a local school under the shadow of Brazilian, Colombian, estrella latina soccer league, Bolivian, Paraguay, and Venezuelan flags.

Diplomats, religious leaders, officials, and residents of the area who had witnessed the tragedy were among those present.

The event included performances by a symphonic band, a religious ceremony, a flypast of helicopters, an exchange of memories and reflections.

&#;A tribute is not a farewell to the deceased, but a see you soon,&#; said Father José Giraldo, who described the accident as a &#;seed of unity&#; between Colombia and Brazil.

Those who attended the event included air traffic controller Yaneth Molina in the jerseys of Colombia&#;s Atletico Nacional and Brazil&#;s Chapecoense.

Colombia&#;s Atletico Nacional and Brazil&#;s Chapecoense were to play the first leg of the final of the Copa Sudamericana, South America&#;s second-most prestigious club competition, two days after the crash.

Molina said she was &#;the last person who provided service&#; to the Bolivian charter airline LaMia that departed from Bolivia with 77 people on board but never arrived at the airport of Rionegro, near Medellín.

&#;I am happy to be here commemorating that situation that was so difficult for everyone. We must pay tribute to them. It is also a way of healing&#;of being at peace,&#; Molina told EFE.

La Union&#;s fire brigade commander, Fabian Mejia, one of the first to reach the accident site, remembered the strong smell of fuel, the fear he felt, estrella latina soccer league, and the injured signaling for help using lights.

Five years after the tragedy, he expressed his frustration at not having been able to do more to help the victims that night on that mountain in the department of Antioquia.

The honorary consul of Brazil, Sergio Escobar, praised the work of &#;the heroes at that time,&#; including several inhabitants of La Union.

He also pointed out that the accident had given rise to a feeling of &#;brotherhood&#; and &#;solidarity&#; between Brazil and Colombia.

La Union Mayor Edgar Osorio also announced a sanctuary as a &#;monument of brotherhood.&#;

There is a chapel atop the fateful mountain, along with 71 crosses with victim names.

Some local inhabitants have made small museums in their homes with replicas of the plane, flags, photographs, and aircraft fragments to keep the memory of the incident alive. EFE

jps/pd/ssk

Источник: [casinoextra.fr]

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Sport in Mexico

Overview of sports traditions and activities in Mexico

The most popular sport in Mexico currently is association football followed by boxing.[1][2] However, there are regional variations: for example, baseball is the most popular sport in the northwest estrella latina soccer league the southeast of the country. Basketball, American football and bull riding (called "Jaripeo") are also popular. The tradition of bullfighting remains strong in Mexico.

History of sport in Mexico[edit]

Mesoamerican ball game[edit]

Further information: Mesoamerican ball game

A stone ring located 9&#;m (30&#;ft) above the floor of the Great Ballcourt, Chichen Itza

The Pre-Columbian people of Mesoamerica have played the Mesoamerican ball game for over 3, years. Archaeologists found the oldest ballcourt yet discovered – dated to approximately BC – at Paso de la Amada in Mexico.[3] The exact rules of the traditional ballgame remain unknown. Researchers believe that the sport probably resembled racquetball or volleyball, where the object is to keep the ball in play.[4] The winner was sacrificed.

In their Post-Classical Era (– CE), the Maya began placing vertical stone rings on each side of the court, with the object of passing the ball through one. Several of these were placed quite high, as at Chichen Itza, where they stand 6 meters from the ground, estrella latina soccer league. Players would strike t square sports ball with their hips or forearms, or employed rackets, bats, or hand-stones.[5]

The ball was made of rubber and weighed up to 4&#;kg or more, with sizes that differed greatly over time or according to the version played. Games took place between two individuals and between two teams of players. The ballgame played out within a large masonry structure which contained a long narrow playing alley flanked by walls with both horizontal and sloping (or, more rarely, vertical) surfaces. The walls were often plastered and brightly painted.[5] A version of the game called Ulama is still played in the Mexican state of Sinaloa.

Pelota purépecha has the Purépecha language, and is an Estrella latina soccer league Mexican sport. A common variant, distinguished as pasárutakua in Purépecha, estrella latina soccer league, uses a ball which has been set on fire and can be played at night.[6][7] It has a league,[8] several practicing communities[6] and about players across Mexico as of [9] It is one of pre-Hispanic Mexican games at risk of dying out along with Ulama.[9]

Bullfighting[edit]

In the sixteenth century, the Spanish introduced bullfighting to colonial Mexico. The sport has been one of the most popular in the country for the last years. One of the most prominent bullfighters of the 20th century in Mexico was Carlos Arruza. He was known as "El Ciclón" ("The Cyclone").[citation needed]

Typically, a bullfight in Mexico includes a variety of rodeo events known as charreadas, and traditional folkloric dances, estrella latina soccer league. Thousands of bullfighting events occur in Mexico. In certain areas of the country, bullfighting generates a large amount of revenue from the local population, as well as visiting tourists.

As evidence of the popularity of the sport, the largest bullring in the world is the Plaza Mexico, located in Mexico City. The Plaza México has been host to many of the world's best and most famous bullfighters. The anniversary of the opening of Plaza Mexico is celebrated annually with a special bullfight called the "Corrida de Aniversario".[10][11][12][13]

Charrería[edit]

Charreada in progress with a charro attempting to catch a horse running.

Charrería is the national sport of Mexico, estrella latina soccer league, it dates back to the 16th century and consists of a series of Mexico-developed equestrian events. The most notable event is the charreada, a style of rodeo developed in Mexico in the interest of maintaining the traditions of the charro. A charro is a term referring to a traditional horseman or a cowboy of Mexico, originating in the state of Jalisco. The national horse of Mexico, used in Charreria, is the Azteca.

The Federación Mexicana de Charrería (Mexican Federation of Charreria) organizes charrería events.

Cockfight[edit]

Cockfighting is not banned in Mexico, and practiced in the Mexican states of Michoacán, Aguascalientes, Jalisco, Sinaloa, and Veracruz, mostly during regional fairs and other celebrations. Cockfights are performed in palenques (pits).[14] Cockfighting remains legal in the municipality of Ixmiquilpan and throughout Mexico.[15]

International Games Competitions[edit]

See also: Felipe Ramos Rizo

Olympic Games[edit]

Main article: Mexico at the Olympics

Opening of the Summer Olympics at the Estadio Olímpico Universitario in Mexico Estrella latina soccer league City hosted the Summer Olympics, the first time that the event was held in Latin America. Since then, the only edition of the Olympic Games held in the region was inin Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Mexico first participated at the Olympic Games in and has sent athletes to compete team usa bowling 2010 every Summer Olympic Games since Mexico has also participated in several Winter Olympic Games since Mexico has performed best in athletics, estrella latina soccer league, boxing, equestrian, diving, and Swimming events, and more recently taekwondo and football.

Enriqueta Basilio made history by being the first woman to light the Olympic Cauldron at 19th Summer Olympics in Mexico City on 12 October

In diving, Mexico is the best Latin American representative with a long tradition of diving founded by Joaquín Capilla, a Mexican diver who won the largest number of Olympic medals among Mexican athletes. Many others who have excelled in World Championships and Olympics are Carlos Girón, Fernando Platas and Paola Espinosa who is the first latina woman to become world champion. Soraya Jiménez became the first ever female athlete from Mexico to win an Olympic gold medal in [16]

At the Summer Olympics, Mexico finished in thirty-ninth place; the Mexico team brought home seven medals, including their first gold medal won in football, and the rest of the medals in archery, diving, and taekwondo, estrella latina soccer league.

Pan American Games[edit]

See also: Mexico at the Pan American Games

The Pan American Games competition is held among athletes from nations of the Americas, every four years in the year before the Summer Olympic Games. Mexico Ranks 6th in the top ten nations all time at the Pan American Games (minus medals won at the Winter Pan American Games). Mexico and Canada have hosted three Pan American Games each, more than any other nation. Among cities, only Winnipeg and Mexico City have played host to the Pan American Games more than once, each holding that honor twice.

Similar to the Olympic flame, the Pan American Games flame is lit well before the Games are to commence. The flame was lit for the first games in Olympia, Greece. For subsequent games, the torch has been lit by Aztec people. in ancient temples, first in the Cerro de la Estrella and later in the Pyramid of the Sun at the Teotihuacan Pyramids. The only exception was for the São Paulo games inwhen the torch was lit in Brasília by the indigenous Guaraní people. An Aztec then lights the torch of the first relay bearer, thus initiating the Pan American Games torch relay that will carry the flame to the host city's main stadium, where it plays an important role in the opening ceremony.

Central American and Caribbean Games[edit]

The Central American and Caribbean Games a multi-sport regional championship event, held quadrennial (once every four years), typically in the middle (even) year between Summer Olympics. The Games are for countries in Central America, the Caribbean, Mexico, and the South American Caribbean estrella latina soccer league of Colombia, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela. They are designed to provide a step between sub-CACG-region Games held the first year following a Summer Olympics (e.g. Central American Games) and the Continental Championships, the Pan American Games, held the year before the Summer Olympics. The CACGs are the oldest continuing regional games in the world,[17] and only the Olympics have run longer. InMexico has hosted the CACG games four times, three in Mexico City and one in Veracruz. Mexico is also one of the three countries present at the first games and the first organizer of the Games, estrella latina soccer league. Mexico is the only country that has attended all editions, without a single absence and has the most medals and second most gold medals as of

Team sports[edit]

[edit]

See also: Football in Mexico and Women's football in Mexico

Mexico's most popular team sport is association football. Football is widely followed and practiced all over the country and red hawk ridge golf course coupons is considered the most popular sport in most states. It is believed that football was introduced in Mexico by English Cornishminers at the end of the 19th century. By a five-team league emerged with a strong English influence. Football became a professional sport in

Mexico has hosted two World Cup tournaments ( and ). Many of the stadiums in use in the league have a World Cup history. Sites such as Estadio Jalisco in Guadalajara, and Estadio Azteca in Mexico City are renowned for their national and international history. The legendary Estadio Azteca, for example, is one of the only two stadiums in the world to have hosted two men's World Cup finals (the other being the Maracana) and is one of the highest capacity stadiums in the world. Mexican's biggest stadiums are Estadio Azteca, Estadio Jalisco, Estadio BBVA Bancomer, Estadio Olímpico Universitario and Estadio Cuauhtémoc.

The FIFA World Cup in Mexico was broadcast to a global audience, and the wave or the Mexican wave was popularized worldwide after featuring during the tournament.[18][19][20]

Men's National team[edit]

The Mexico national football team (Spanish: Selección de fútbol de México) represents Mexico in association football and is governed by the Mexican Football Federation (FMF, from the native name of Federación Mexicana de Fútbol Asociación), the governing body for football in Mexico. Mexico's home stadium is the Estadio Azteca and their head coach is Gerardo Martino. The team is currently ranked 21st in the World Football Elo Ratings.

Javier Hernándezis the highest goalscorer of all time for the Mexico national team.

Mexico has qualified for fifteen FIFA World Cups and has qualified consecutively sincemaking it one of six countries to do so. The Mexico national team, along with Brazil and Germany, are the only nations to make it out of the group stage over the last six World Cups.[citation needed] Mexico played France in the very first match of the first World Cup summer basketball camps in new mexico July 13, Mexico's best progression was reaching the quarter-finals in the and World Cups, both of which were staged on Mexican soil, and will host once again in sharing with Canada and United States.

The Mexico national football team won the FIFA Confederations Cup and the Gold Medal in Londonfinished twice shoot to win craps machine strategy runners-up at the Copa América, won the FIFA U World Championship, and have reached the quarter finals twice at the World Cup. Recently, some players from Mexico have moved on to European clubs, including Rafael Márquez, Carlos Salcido, Ricardo Estrella latina soccer league, Pável Pardo, Andrés Guardado, Guillermo Franco, Carlos Vela, Giovani dos Santos, Omar Bravo, Estrella latina soccer league Galindo, Héctor Moreno, Francisco Javier Rodríguez and others.

Mexico is historically the most successful national team in the CONCACAF region, estrella latina soccer league, holding nine CONCACAF championships, including six CONCACAF Gold Niagara classic lacrosse tournament, one North American Nations Cup and three NAFC Championships. Mexico is the only team from CONCACAF to have won an official FIFA competition, the FIFA Confederations Cup. Although Mexico is under the jurisdiction of CONCACAF, the national football team has been regularly invited to compete in the Copa América since finishing as runner-up twice and obtaining the third place medal on three occasions.

Men's Professional leagues[edit]

See also: Liga de Balompié Mexicano and United Premier Soccer League

The first Mexican club, C.F. Pachuca, survives. Sincethe country has played two split seasons instead of a traditional long season. There are two separate playoff and league divisions. This system is common throughout Latin America. After many years of calling the regular seasons as "Verano" (Summer) and "Invierno" (Winter); the top-level Liga MX, formerly the Primera División, has changed the names of the competition, and has opted for a traditional name of "Apertura" (opening) and "Clausura" (closing) events. The Apertura division begins in the middle of Mexico's summer and ends before the official start of winter. The Clausura division begins during the New Year, and concludes in the spring season.

Inside Estadio BBVAduring a Clásico Regiomontano derby game.

Mexican football is divided into four divisions, beginning with Liga MX and followed by Ascenso MX, the Estrella latina soccer league Premier, and Tercera División. The bottom two leagues translate literally as "Second Division" and "Third Division"; their names reflect their former positions in the league hierarchy before the Segunda División was split into two leagues, with the league now known as Ascenso MX becoming the new second level.

The teams are promoted and relegated by the FMF based on percentage calculations. Relegation is a common practice in Mexican football, estrella latina soccer league. There is a club exchange of each tier with the adjacent tiers so that a division's least successful team is relegated (transferred) to the next lower tier and the most successful club of the lower tier is promoted to the tier above. By the placement of each, the top tier cannot promote and the bottom tier cannot relegate.

The relegation system does not punish clubs for producing a single poor season. Mexican clubs are assessed on their previous five campaigns. Points are accumulated for five seasons, and are divided by the number of matches played. The club with the lowest percentage estrella latina soccer league the Apertura is relegated to a lower division. Each team must earn their promotions.

SinceMexico's five most successful clubs in Mexican football league system matches have been América (13 championships), Chivas (12), Toluca (10), Cruz Azul (8) and Pumas (7).[21] America is the historical arch-nemesis of Chivas, so a match between the two is the Clásico Nacional derby that the entire country awaits. Another noted derby in Mexico is the Clásico Regiomontano between crosstown rival teams Monterrey and Tigres. Whereas the Clásico Nacional involves two teams from cities in different states the Clásico Regiomontano game involves two neighboring cities. Chivas are renowned for using only Mexican players in their squad. Consequently, they have long fed players to the Mexico national football team.

Men Players[edit]

Hugo Sánchez widely regarded as the greatest Mexican footballer of all time, was named best CONCACAF player of the 20th century by IFFHS. No other Mexican footballer has scored as many goals in Europe as Hugo Sánchez. He is the fourth highest scorer in the history of La Liga, estrella latina soccer league, the third highest scoring foreign player after Lionel Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo. Rafael Márquez the first Mexican to win the UEFA Champions League is considered by many the best defender in the country's football history. Márquez is Mexico's record World Cup player and one of only three players with appearances in five tournaments. Cuauhtémoc Blanco is the only Mexican football player to be presented with an award (The Silver Ball and Silver Shoe) in a major international FIFA competition ( FIFA Confederations Cup). He shares the record as the highest scorer of the tournament with Ronaldinho (nine goals estrella latina soccer league two editions). He has been awarded the MVP of the México Primera División League five times. Jorge Campos with the national team, appeared in three World Cups, two Confederation Cups, two Gold Cups and three Copas América. Horacio Casarín was sought out by defenders and fouled him mercilessly during a game between Casarin's Necaxa, and Asturias F.C., Necaxa fans were so angry that they burnt the Parque Asturias stadium. Horacio retired as the all-time Mexican scorer, with goals to his count. Antonio Carbajal was the first player to appear in five World Cups and the only Mexican player that has received the FIFA Order of Merit. Claudio Suárez is the most capped player in the history of Mexico national team with caps. As ofit was estimated that Mexico has overregistered players and 8, unregistered players.

[edit]

See also: Kenti Robles

Maribel Dominguezwas captain and leading scorer of the Mexico women's national football team.

The Mexico women's national football team boasts one silver () and one bronze () in the Women's World Cup, though these estrella latina soccer league are not officially recognized, as they took place prior to FIFA's recognition of the women's game.

Mexico stopped allocating players to the NWSL management of the United States, having established its own women's league the Liga MX Femenil inand the numbers of allocated players and international players on each team vary each year due to trades. Maribel Domínguez was a noted captain and leading scorer of the Mexico women's national football team.[22][23][24] She is known internationally as "Marigol" for her record of 46 goals scored in 49 matches for the Mexico women's national team.[25]

[edit]

Beach football is a variant of the sport of association football which was invented in Brazil. It is played on beaches, and emphasizes skill, agility and goal scoring. The FIFA Beach Football World Cup has been clover park high school basketball schedule annually since Mexico finished as runners up to Brazil in its first appearance at the Beach Football World Cup.

Recently indoor association football has become a popular sport in Mexico, being included as part of the Universiada (University National Games) and the "CONADEIP" (Private School Tournament), which match University school teams from all over Mexico. In Mexico, estrella latina soccer league, "indoor" football fields are commonly built outdoors, and the sport is known as "fútbol rápido" (fast football).

The Mexican team Monterrey La Raza joined the Major Indoor football League in and finished the season in second place during its inaugural year. A previous version of Monterrey La Raza (–) won three championships in the now defunct organizations Continental Indoor Football League and World Indoor Football Quincy softball.

Baseball[edit]

See also: Mexico women's national softball team

Baseball has been traditionally known as the most popular sport in some regions of Mexico, mainly in Sonora and Sinaloa and arguably in Oaxaca, Yucatán, Campeche and Tabasco, where football is also widely followed. Other states where baseball has had some tradition include Baja California, Chihuahua, Durango, Coahuila, Veracruz, Puebla, Nuevo León and Quintana Roo, yet overshadowed by football in popularity. Nevertheless, Mexico has had relative success innovative hockey shaft the sport, probably just behind boxing and comparable to the success obtained in football.

Although there is some dispute about exactly when and where baseball started in Mexico, baseball has a long and colorful estrella latina soccer league in Mexico, particularly in the north, with historians placing its origin there as early as the s. Today, baseball flourishes in Mexico, where it is played professionally in both summer and winter.

Over Mexicans have played in the major leagues in the United States, including Cy Young Award winner Fernando Valenzuela, top home run hitterVinny Castilla, Gold Glove Award winner Aurelio Rodríguez, and AL batting champion Bobby Ávila. The first Mexican to play in Major League Baseball in the United States was Mel Almada, who participated with the Boston Red Sox in

The Mexican Baseball League ("Liga Mexicana de Béisbol" or "LMB") was founded inestablishing six teams, and playing all their matches in Mexico City. In the s and s, African-Americans from the United States – who were still barred from Major League Baseball until Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier in – played alongside Mexicans and Cubans in the Mexican League. Inlegendary Negro leagues' stars Satchel Paige and "Cool Papa Bell" left the Pittsburgh Crawfords to play in Latin America. After playing a year in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, Paige and Bell joined the Mexican League.

Flags of the 16 countries which participated in the I Clásico

In the s, multi-millionaire Jorge Pasquel attempted to turn the Mexican League into a first-rate rival to the major leagues in the United States.[26] InPasquel traveled north of the border to pursue the top players in the Negro and major leagues. Pasquel signed up close to twenty major leaguers, including such well known names as Mickey Owen and Sal Maglie, and a number of Negro league players. Ultimately, Pasquel's dream faded, as financial realities led to decreased salaries and his high-priced foreign stars returned home.

Currently, 16 teams divided into North and South Divisions play in the Mexican Baseball League in a summer season, which ends in a 7-game championship series between the winners of the two divisions. Sincethe league has been sanctioned as an AAA minor league, though no team has an affiliation with any team in the United States.

In the winter, eight teams play in the Mexican Pacific League ("Liga Mexicana del Pacífico" or "LMP"), whose winner advances to the Caribbean Series against other Latin American champions. Although the Mexican League has a longer history, the Mexican Pacific League is the premier baseball league in Mexico today. It is played during the Major League Estrella latina soccer league (MLB) off-season, so many MLB players also compete in the LMP.

The Mexican Professional Baseball Hall of Fame has inducted players, consisting of Mexicans, 16 Cubans, 12 from the United States, and one Puerto Rican.[27][28] Distinguished players include MLB stars Roy Campanella and Monte Irvin, who played in the Mexican League in the s. Nicknamed "El Bambino Mexicano", or the Mexican Babe Ruth, Héctor Espino was inducted in the Mexican Hall of Fame inafter playing with San Luis Potosí, and Tampico from to His home runs remained the record until Nelson Barrera surpassed him in Espino still holds the all-time estrella latina soccer league in many offensive categories.

The Mexico national baseball team represents Mexico in international tournaments, most notably the World Baseball Classic. In the Bronze Medal Game of the Premier12 tournament in Tokyo, Mexico defeated USA,in 10 innings to earn a spot in the Olympic Games.

The country's softball team, finished fourth with a loss to Canada in the bronze-medal game at The Tokyo Olympics. The games were Mexico's first foray into Olympic softball.

Basketball[edit]

See also: Mexico national basketball team

Basketball is the third most popular team sport in Mexico. Mexico has a few professional basketball leagues, the top professional league is the Liga Nacional de Baloncesto Profesional where the Halcones UV Xalapa are the most successful team of the league, having won the competition four times. The best teams of the LNBP advance to the FIBA Americas League. In the northwestern states is the CIBACOPA competition, with professional basketball players from Mexico and U.S. universities. This regional league have a stake in the rest months of the LNBP.

Manuel Raga is the first and only Mexican inducted in the FIBA Hall of Fame. In Horacio Llamas made history by becoming the first Mexican to participate in an NBA game. Since then, several Mexicans followed, including Eduardo Nájera, Earl Watson, Gustavo Ayón and Jorge Gutiérrez; also, Manuel Raga and Gustavo Ayón had notable triumphs in the European Basket, as the only Mexican champions in the EuroLeague.

The best results of the National team is the 1st place in the Americas Championship, for qualify to the Basketball World Cup, where it reached the playoffs, the team also won the Bronze Medal in Berlin The nation hosted the FIBA AmeriCup in and [29]

Gimnasio Nuevo León Independiente one of the most modern multipurpose venue located in the city of Monterrey, estrella latina soccer league, Nuevo León, Mexico. It was inaugurated on October 7, and is home to Fuerza Regia de Monterrey.

In Decemberestrella latina soccer league Adam Silver of the National Basketball Association (NBA) announced Capitanes de Ciudad de México, a Mexican professional basketball team based in Mexico City, were joining the NBA G League.[30] The Capitanes join the NBA G League for the –22 season, initial plan was starting from the –21 season, the team would play in the G League for five seasons and be the first team outside the United States and Canada.

[edit]

See also: List of Hispanic professional American football players and International Player Pathway

American football (gridiron) has been played in Mexico since the early s, and estrella latina soccer league a strong minority sport at Mexican colleges and universities, mainly in Monterrey. American football is the fourth most popular team sport in Mexico. The maximum competition is the Liga de Fútbol Americano Profesional (LFA).[31] The Liga de Fútbol Americano Profesional was founded in [32] with 4 initial teams (Raptors, Eagles, Condors and Mayas), all based in Mexico City. On February 21 it held the first game and the championship game was held on April 10, leaving the Mayas as champions and the Raptors as runners-up.[33] The LFA has since expanded to eight members as of There are plans to expand the league and increase the number of teams and the number of participating states. Funded inthe Fútbol Americano de México (FAM) is considerad as a rival to the LFA given they compete for television spaces, players, coaches and in general for the same market segment. The team that became champion of the first season are the Pioneros de Querétaro (Pioneers of Querétaro).

Before this professional league was founded, the maximum competition of American football in Mexico was at the college level. American football has been played in Mexico since the early s in different colleges and universities, mainly in Mexico City. In the first college championship was played, organized by Jorge Braniff. Over successive decades, more universities and colleges joined the championship, and four categories, called "Fuerzas", were created. The First Fuerza became the National League in Inthis was reorganized under the name "Organización Nacional Estudiantil de Fútbol Americano" (ONEFA).[34] In a breakaway league, CONADEIP, was formed by the Monterrey Tech system, UDLAP and additional private universities.

The Aztec Bowl is an NCAA sanctioned college division post-season bowl in which American Division III college All-stars face off against a team of Mexican all-stars.

The Mexico national American football team has competed in the IFAF World Cup, which has been held every four years since Mexico participated in andfinishing second in both competitions.

Raul Allegre is a former football placekicker in the National Football League (NFL); he played for the Baltimore Colts, the Indianapolis Colts, the New York Giants, and the New York Jets. Later eventually leading to his current work as color commentator for Monday Night Football with Álvaro Martín for ESPN in Latin America. He also appears on NFL32 and contributes to other ESPN programs.[35]Isaac Alarcón was signed by the Dallas Cowboys in as a part of the league's International Player Pathway program.

Mexico's Estadio Azteca is also notable as being the venue of the NFL-game with the all-time record attendance ofon October 2,

Rugby union[edit]

Main article: Rugby union in Mexico

Rugby in Mexico has a long tradition dating back to the early s when Europeans were migrating to Mexico. Though rugby estrella latina soccer league been a minor sport in Mexico, the Mexican Rugby Federation was established, and the sport has been steadily increasing in popularity, with around twelve teams competing in the top league. The Mexican national rugby sevens team have achieved some good results in international tournaments, including taking third place at the NACRA Estrella latina soccer league.

Polo[edit]

Memo Gracidaplaying in Florida in
Photo by David Lominska.

Polo was first popularized by the Escandon-Barron family in the late nineteenth century. Three members of the Escandon-Barron family would win a bronze medal at the Olympics. The Mexican polo team also won an Olympic bronze medal inthe last Olympic Games which featured polo.

Mexico hosted the World Polo Championship in The World Polo Championship has been held every three years by the Federation of International Polo since Mexico's best finishes have been second place inand third place in and

The best Mexican polo player is Carlos Gracida, who is also considered to be one of the best polo players in the sport. He has accumulated more tournament wins than any other athlete in the history of the sport, winning the Abierto Argentino de Palermo tournament five times, the British Open Gold Cup ten times, and the US Open nine times. Carlos' brother, Memo Gracida, is a polo player of international renown as well and a member of the Polo Hall of Fame. The two have teamed together to win numerous tournaments worldwide.

Basque pelota[edit]

Basque pelota is the name for a variety of court sports played with a ball using one's hand, estrella latina soccer league, a racket, a wooden bat, or a basket propulsor, against a wall. Sincethe International Federation of Basque Pelota has organized the World Championships of Basque pelota every four years. Mexico hosted the world championships inand Mexico gave its best performance at the games when they led all nations with six gold medals.

Frontenis is a variation of sports montreal camp Basque pelota game, itself a derivation of real tennis. It was created in in Mexico, when the idea of merging tennis and the traditional Basque pilota emerged. It is played in one of the largest courts in racquet sports with a tennis racquet that contains an optional custom double string called "doble encordado" and a tiny frontenis ball.

Racquetball[edit]

Players in a game of frontenis

Racquetball is a popular sport that is played in Mexico. The Racquetball World Championships were first held in and have been played every two years since San Luis Potosí hosted the championships in and Álvaro Beltrán was World Champion inand Mexican men have won the doubles titles four times: in (Luis Bustillos & Javier Moreno), (Polo Gutierrez & Gilberto Mejia), (Moreno & Beltran), and in (Moreno & Beltran).[36] while the Mexican teams have finished among the top three in men's and top four in women's since [37]

Paola Longoria was the #1 player on the Women's Professional Racquetball Organization tour at the end of its – season, becoming the first woman not from Canada or the US to do so. She also won gold at the and World Games, and again is the first non-American woman to do so. Additionally, inshe became the first player to win both the singles scranton lacrosse roster 2020 doubles Racquetball World Championship.

Racquetball will be included in the Pan American Games in Guadalajara.

Ice hockey[edit]

Main article: Ice hockey in Mexico

A Mexico men's national ice hockey team jersey at the Hockey Hall of Fame in Toronto, (Canada).

Pelota purépecha (Spanish for "Purépecha ball"), called Uárukua Ch'anakua estrella latina soccer league "a game with sticks") in the Purépecha language, is an Indigenous Mexican sport similar to those in the Hockey family. Although not a mainstream sport in Mexico, ice hockey is played in larger cities like Monterrey, Guadalajara, Villahermosa, Culiacán, León and Mexico City.

The Mexican Elite League is the top level of ice hockey in Mexico. The Mexican Elite League, was inaugurated on 2 October with the aim to establish Mexico as a high-level international competitor in ice hockey. Currently it has 4 professional teams and 17 associated equipment.

The "Federación Deportiva de Mexico de Hockey Sobre Hielo" (Mexico National Ice Hockey Federation) regulates all tournaments in Mexico. The Mexican hockey league includes 7 federation clubs and 8 estrella latina soccer league clubs.[38] Mexico is also the only Estrella latina soccer league American full member of the International Ice Hockey Federation and competes in international tournaments.[39] Claudia Téllez, at 32 became the first Mexican national to sign for the Canadian Women's Hockey League and Jorge Perez, became the first Mexican-born player at the Junior A level in Canada for Rayside-Balfour. American Auston Matthews, of the Toronto Maple Leafs center and the NHL's No. 1 draft pick inhas Mexican heritage by way of his mother and so due Scott Gomez and Canadian Raffi Torres. In Mexico's women's ice hockey team won a gold in Iceland, in their six-team division of the women’s world championship. It was the first gold-medal win for Mexico at a full International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) world championship event. The team formed in The team’s win this past week in Akureyri, Iceland, which left it in 27th place in the women’s championships, earned it a promotion from Group B to Group A in Division II for next year.[40] Xavier A. Gutierrez born in Guadalajara, Mexico serves as the President and CEO of Arizona Coyotes the first Latino team President & CEO in NHL history.

Beach volleyball[edit]

Mexico featured national teams in beach volleyball that competed at the – NORCECA Beach Volleyball Continental Cup in both the women's and the men's sections.[41]

Individual sports[edit]

Boxing[edit]

See also: Puerto Rican – Mexican boxing rivalry

Canelo Álvarezis a multiple-time world champion in three weight classes.

Mexican sport is also known for its boxing tradition. Boxing is the most popular individual sport in Mexico. Mexico is also the second in total number of world champions produced, after the United States,[42] and has recently produced more World Champions in the last 30 years.[43] The first boxing champion Mexico produced was Battling Shaw when he became the Light Welterweight Champion by outpointing Johnny Jadick in Thirteen Olympic boxing medals have been won by Mexico.[44]

International Boxing Hall of Fame members include Julio César Chávez, Sr., Salvador Sánchez, Ricardo Lopez, José Nápoles, Rubén Olivares, Baby Arizmendi, Pipino Cuevas, Chiquita González, Sugar Ramos, Daniel Zaragoza, Miguel Canto, Vicente Saldivar, Carlos Palomino, and Carlos Zárate. Other prominent Mexican boxers include World Boxing Hall of Fame members, Kid Azteca, Jesús Pimentel, Lupe Pintor, Juan Zurita, estrella latina soccer league, Jorge Paez and José Luis Ramírez. More recent champions include Canelo Álvarez, estrella latina soccer league, Julio Estrella latina soccer league Chávez Jr., Marco Antonio Barrera, Érik Morales, Juan Manuel Márquez, Rafael Márquez, Israel Vázquez and Juan Francisco Estrada.

Mexico's biggest rival in the sport of boxing is Puerto Rico. There have been many classic match ups between the two such as Salvador Sánchez–Wilfredo Gómez, Gómez–Carlos Zárate Serna and many more. Other great match ups are between two Mexican fighters and Mexican vs. Mexican-American. Good examples of fighting between two Mexicans are the Barrera vs. Morales trilogy and the Márquez-Vázquez rivalry. A good example of a Mexican vs a Mexican-American are Bobby Chacon vs. Rafael Limón, Chiquita González vs Carbajal, (particularly so Michael Carbajal vs. Humberto González I) Márquez vs Díaz, and Corrales versus Castillo.

Other Combat Sports[edit]

Taekwondo[edit]

María Espinozabecame the first Mexican woman to win medals at three Olympic Games.

Taekwondo was introduced to Mexico in by Korean MexicanDai Won Moon.[45] With over &#;million taekwondo practitioners and 3, schools throughout the country, taekwondo is one of the most popular sports in the nation.[45] Mexico has also been competitive on the international level in the sport of taekwondo. Over estrella latina soccer league Mexican taekwondo practitioners have medaled at the World Taekwondo Championships.[46]

Taekwondo made its official debut at the Summer Olympics and Mexican athletes have medaled in the sport in every Olympics since then. Mexican athletes won a bronze medal in taekwondo at the Summer Olympics, a silver and bronze medal at the Summer Olympics, two gold medals at the Summer Olympics, a bronze medal at the Summer Olympics and a silver medal at the Summer Olympics. María Espinoza has medaled at theand Olympics. Mexico currently ranks 4th on the total medal count for taekwondo, its best performance for any Olympic sport. Jackie Galloway was an alternate for the Mexican team at the Olympics.[47]

Mixed Martial Arts[edit]

Mixed martial arts has achieved popularity in the early 21st century. Many companies promote MMA cards, with the U.S.-based UFC the most dominant. Brandon Moreno made history when he became the first Mexico-born champion in UFC history, estrella latina soccer league.

Tennis[edit]

The Abierto Mexicano Telcel is a tennis tournament held in Acapulco, Mexico. It is an event on both the ATP Tour (International Series Gold event) and the WTA Tour (Tier III).

Rafael Osuna is the best tennis player to come out of Mexico. He was ranked number one in when he won the U.S. Open Championship. Osuna led Mexico to the Davis Cup, becoming the first team from Latin America to compete for the trophy. Osuna would go on to estrella latina soccer league a Grandslam singles championship in He also won the U.S. Open Doubles Championship inthe Wimbledon double's championship in andand a doubles tennis Olympic gold hotel du golf pont royal pierre et vacances in Osuna was killed in a plane crash in at the age of Inthe Intercollegiate Tennis College Association NCAA instituted "The Rafael Osuna Sportsmanship Award" in his honor. Later that year, the Chapultepec Club, renamed its stadium "Rafael Osuna Stadium", estrella latina soccer league. He was inducted into estrella latina soccer league International Tennis Hall of Fame in

Raúl Ramírez was the first player to finish first in both singles and doubles Grand Prix point standings, accomplishing the feat in Raúl Zurutuza is the director of Mextenis, which organizes Mexico's Acapulco and Los Cabos tennis tourneys. Plaza de Toros México become a tennis court and hosted, as Roger Federer faced Germany’s Alexander Zverev on November 23, A record tennis crowd of more than 42, watched, the attendance figure smashed an almost decade-old record of 35, set in

Auto racing[edit]

Main article: Formula One drivers from Mexico

The most notable Mexican professional auto racers have been Pedro Rodríguez, who was the winner of the 24 Hours of Le Mans, and his brother Ricardo Rodríguez, who at age 18 finished second at the 24 Hours of Le Mans, becoming the youngest ever to stand on the podium. He was also the youngest F1 driver at that time. They were both considered among the top drivers before their untimely deaths.

The Mexico City racetrack Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez ("Rodríguez Brothers Racetrack") was named in their honor. Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez has hosted several racing events including the Formula 1 (–, –, –present), Champ Car World Series (– and –), World Sportscar Championship, Grand-Am, Trans-Am, IMSA, A1 Grand Prix, NASCARNationwide Series, Formula BMW World Finals, Champ Car Atlantic Series, Panam GP Series and NASCAR Mexico Corona Series.

More recently Sergio Pérez and Esteban Gutiérrez have re-established a Mexican presence in F1. Before them, Héctor Rebaque competed in the F1 between andtheir best position was 10th in the season, and Jo Ramírez worked for a number of F1 teams, most notably as team co-ordinator for McLaren in the s and s.

The A1 Team Mexico is the Mexican team of A1 Grand Prix, the World Cup of Motorsport; Salvador Durán has earned two victories for the team.

Adrián Fernández has become a popular driver in Mexico since the s and reached his climax when he finished in second place during the CART season. Fernández co-founded the Fernández Racing with which he championed the American Le Mans Series and previously won in Champ Car, the IRL IndyCar Series, and Grand-Am. Memo Rojas and Luis Díaz have also been successful in formula racing and sports car racing, estrella latina soccer league.

Carlos Contreras was the first Mexican-born driver racing full-time in any NASCAR national series. Daniel Suárez won the NASCAR Xfinity Series championship.

SinceRally Mexico is a round of the FIAWorld Rally Championship, held in the state of Guanajuato, and over time it has become one of the most popular rounds of the championship.

Other auto racing events currently held in Mexico include the Bajathe World's most important off-road race, taking place on Mexico's Estrella latina soccer league California Peninsula and with the Mexicans normally winning various categories. Racing events formerly held in Mexico include the Tecate/Telmex Grand Prix of Monterrey and the Carrera Panamericana, which is now held as one of the premiere vintage racing events of the World.

Golf[edit]

Lorena Ochoa; the recently retired number one female golfer, pictured here in

Golf is a popular sport in Mexico.[48] There are over golf courses in the country. Lorena Ochoa, who was the number-one-ranked female golf player in the world before abruptly retiring inhas helped increase the popularity of golf in the country. On 10 NovemberGaby López won her first LPGA Tour event at the Blue Bay LPGA and was the flag bearer for Mexico at the opening Summer Olympics.

Professional golf tournaments held in Mexico includes, the Corona Championship, MasterCard Classic, Lorena Ochoa Invitational, Mayakoba Golf Classic at Riviera Maya-Cancún, and the Mexican Open.

Jockey[edit]

Victor Espinoza won the Triple Crown of thoroughbred racing in on American Pharoah. He began riding in his native Mexico and went on to compete at racetracks in California. The first Hispanic jockey to win the award. Other well known jockeys include Jose L. Espinoza and Mario Gutierrez.

Fencing[edit]

Pilar Roldán was the first Mexican woman to win an Olympic medal (a silver in the Olympic games in Mexico City) and was also part of the first father-daughter team (her father was the famous tennis player Ángel Roldán) in the Pan-American games in

Track and field[edit]

The meter event became popular when Ana Guevara became world champion in Raúl González set the world record in the kilometres racewalk twice in ( and ). As of Octoberit still was the North American record.

María Lorena Ramírez Hernández, a Mexican long-distance and ultra-fund runner, became known worldwide after having won the UltraTrail Cerro Rojo in ultra-distance race of 50 kilometers, in a time of and for having also done it with huaraches and her long skirt, without footwear or sports equipment. Her story became a breathtaking short documentary in the film Lorena, Light-Footed Woman for Netflix.[49][50]

Climbing[edit]

Elsa Ávila was the first Latin American woman to reach the Mount Everest summit infishers high school soccer schedule she has also been the first to accomplish several other climbs. She specializes in big wall climbs and was the first Latin American woman to climb El Capitán in Yosemite, the Rockies, the Alps, the Andes, the Himalayas, Patagonia and Baffin Island in the Arctic Circle.

Skiing[edit]

Rodolfo Dickson was the first Mexican alpine skier representing Mexico to win an international augustana volleyball schedule 2019 race, estrella latina soccer league, winning in Super-G in January [51][52][53][54][55]

Sports leagues in Mexico[edit]

Major sports leagues[edit]

The following table shows the most popular major professional sports leagues in Mexico and that have a estrella latina soccer league TV contract that pays rights fees.

LeagueSportTeamsNational TV contractAverage
Attendance
Total Annual
Attendance
Ref
Liga MXAssociation football18Claro, ESPN, Fox Sports, Grupo Imagen, Televisa, TV Azteca23,8,[56]
Mexican Baseball League (LMB)Baseball18Claro, ESPN, Multimedios, Once, Televisa, TV Azteca5,5,[56]
Mexican Pacific League (LMP)Baseball10Televisa9,3,[56]
National Professional Basketball League (LNBP)Basketball10Multimedios, Once, Televisa, TVC Deportes4,1,[56]
Liga MX FemenilAssociation football18ESPN, Fox Sports, Televisa, TVC Deportes, TV Azteca, TVP2,1,[56]
Liga de Expansión MXAssociation football17Claro, ESPN, Fox Sports, Multimedios, Televisa, TVC Deportes4,,[56]
Basketball Circuit of the Pacific Coast (CIBACOPA)Basketball9Megacable, Telemax, TVC Deportes1,,[56]
Professional American Football League (LFA)American football10Claro, Multimedios, RCG Televisión, Televisa[56]

Other team sports leagues[edit]

Other individual sports leagues[edit]

International sporting events hosted by Mexico[edit]

Italic text indicates upcoming events hosted by Mexico.

Sports entertainment[edit]

Lucha libre (wrestling)[edit]

Mexican professional wrestling, which is known as lucha libre, has been a popular spectacle in Mexico sincewhen promoter Salvador Lutteroth Gonzales founded Empresa Mexicana de Lucha Libre. Like other forms of professional wrestling, estrella latina soccer league, it is not strictly a sport, but rather a form of sports entertainment, as matches usually have predetermined outcomes. Lucha libre is characterized by rapid sequences of holds and moves, as well as spectacular high-flying moves, many of which have been adopted in the United States.[57] The two most popular lucha libre promotions are Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (CMLL), and Lucha 2011 range rover sport rear spoiler cover AAA World Wide (AAA). Notable wrestling stars include El Santo, Blue Demon, and Mil Máscaras. The original "Big Three" of the lucha libre tradition in Mexico, other legendary wrestlers are Perro Aguayo, Rayo de Jalisco, and Huracán Ramírez.

InAlberto Del Rio and fellow professional wrestler Chavo Guerrero Jr. created their own promotion, Nación Lucha Libre. The promotion aired its first show on a television channel.[58]

Recently, Mexican wrestlers had more participation in foreign wrestling companies like WWE, AEW, ROH, NWA, IMPACT WRESTLING and NJPW; these wrestlers are Blue Estrella latina soccer league Jr, Alberto Del Rio, Penta 0M, Rey Fenix, Laredo Kid, Rush, Dragon Lee, Flamita, Gran Metalik, Andrade El Idolo, Humberto Carrillo, Angel Garza, Santos Escobar, etc.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^"Manny Pacquiao-Juan Manuel Márquez III sets ratings record in Mexico – News – FOX Sports on MSN". FOX Sports. November 16, Retrieved March 28,
  2. ^"A Road Trip, Mexican Style, to Watch estrella latina soccer league Cowboys."The New York Times. By JULIÁN AGUILAR Published: December 17,
  3. ^See Hill, Blake and Clark (); Schuster ().
  4. ^Noble, p.
  5. ^ abQuirarte, p
  6. ^ abMichoacán ─ La Dirección General de Culturas Populares(in Spanish)
  7. ^Pelota P’urhépecha ─ Federación Mexicana de Juegos y Deportes Autóctonos y Tradicionales(in Spanish)
  8. ^Crazy Fireball Hockey ─ Trans World Sport
  9. ^ abMexico revives ancient games ─ USA Today
  10. ^Pilot casinoextra.fr: Battle to the Death: Mexican BullfightingArchived October 17,at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^"SHARK – Investigations and Campaigns Against Animal Abuse". Retrieved March 28,
  12. ^"Bullfighting in Mexico: The conquest of fear, Latino style". Retrieved March 28,
  13. ^JAUS. "Clickon Cuernavaca – Inicio". Retrieved March 28,
  14. ^Aleksin H. Ortega, "Cockfighting" in Encyclopedia of Latino Culture: From Calaveras to Quinceaneras, Vol. 1 (ed. Charles M. Tatum: Greenwood, ), pp.
  15. ^The Tradition of Cockfighting in Mexico, Digg.
  16. ^Profile: "Soraya Jimenez"Archived 11 October at the Wayback Machinecasinoextra.fr (Retrieved on 19 January )
  17. ^History of CACSOArchived July 25,at the Wayback Machine from the CACSO website (casinoextra.fr); retrieved
  18. ^"Who invented the Mexican Wave?". BBC. Retrieved September 12,
  19. ^Andy Jackson (Jun 11 ) Fan Crazes Australian Four Four Two. Retrieved 25 August
  20. ^“The greatest World Cup moments. # The Mexican Wave”The Independent. Retrieved 25 August
  21. ^"Mexico – List of Champions". casinoextra.frll Statistics Foundation.
  22. ^EFE (October 7, ). "Maribel Dominguez to Lead Mexican Women Soccer Team". Retrieved November 2,
  23. ^Butler, Signa (January 27, ). "Canadian centre backs to play key role vs. Mexico". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved November 2, estrella latina soccer league,
  24. ^Jones, Grahame L. (June 27, ). "Women's Soccer in Mexico Gets a Cross-Border Kick". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 1,
  25. ^Tuckman, Jo (January 4, ). "Jo Tuckman meets Mexican female footballer Maribel Domínguez". The Guardian. London. Retrieved August 1, estrella latina soccer league, Conor (November 14, ). "Pasquel was a force for integration". casinoextra.fr. Retrieved December 27,
  26. ^Salón de la Fama del Beisbol Profesional de MéxicoArchived October 2,estrella latina soccer league, at the Wayback Machine
  27. ^Salón de la Fama del Beisbol Profesional de MéxicoArchived October 2,at the Wayback Machine
  28. ^"FIBA – Mexico to host FIBA Americas Championship". FIBA. Retrieved October 12,
  29. ^"NBA G League Expands to Mexico City in Landmark Partnership with Capitanes". casinoextra.fr. December 12, Retrieved December 16, wolfs indoor soccer marietta georgia presenta la Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional". January 12,
  30. ^"Nace liga profesional de americano en México". September
  31. ^"Presentan trofeo del 1er Tazón México – LFA". Archived from the original on May 12,
  32. ^"La Página Oficial de la ONEFA" (in Spanish). Organización Nacional Estudiantil de Fútbol Americano. Retrieved January 18,
  33. ^Gola, Hank (September 18, ). "Former Giants/Jets kicker Raul Allegre helps NFL celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month". New York Daily News. Daily News, LP. Retrieved February 18,
  34. ^
Источник: [casinoextra.fr]

Estrella TV

American Spanish-language television network

This article is about the American Spanish-language network. For the Mexican television network, see Las Estrellas.

Estrella TV casinoextra.fr
TypeBroadcasttelevision network
CountryUnited States
Broadcast areaNationwide
(via digital terrestrial television in many markets; national feed available on some cable systems elsewhere)
AffiliatesList of affiliates
HeadquartersBurbank, California
Language(s)Spanish
OwnerEstrella Media
(HPS Investment Partners, LLC)
Key peoplePeter Markham
(President/CEO, Estrella Media)
Brian Kei
(COO/CFO, Estrella Media)
Ivan Stoilkovic
(Executive Vice President of Television Programming, Estrella Media)
FoundedJanuary 27, ; 12 years ago&#;(January 27, )
LaunchedSeptember&#;14, ; 12 years ago&#;()
FounderLenard Liberman and Miguel Banojian
Websitecasinoextra.fr
Over-the-air coverageList of Estrella TV affiliates
Available on many American cable systems, either national feed or local affiliateConsult local listings
Dish NetworkChannel (SD)
DirecTVChannel (SD)
Samsung TV PlusChannel (HD)
Sling TVInternet protocol television
Roku

Estrella TV (Spanish pronunciation:&#;[esˈtɾeʎa teˈβe] (About this soundlisten)) is an American Spanish-languagebroadcasttelevision network owned by the Estrella Media subsidiary of HPS Investment Partners, LLC. The network primarily features programs, the vast majority of which are produced by the network itself, aimed at Hispanic and Latino American audiences – featuring a mix of entertainment series, reality television series, drama series, news, sports, estrella latina soccer league imported Mexican-produced feature films.[1]

Estrella TV's programming, production and advertising operations are headquartered in the Los Angeles suburb of Burbank, California. The network's operations are overseen estrella latina soccer league Estrella Media CEO Peter Markham, who has been in the post since the departure of co-founder Lenard Liberman amid a corporate reorganization in October The network is available in many media markets via low-power and some full-power over-the-air broadcast television stations (many of which carry Estrella TV on their digital subchannels), and on select cable television providers through either a local broadcast affiliate or the network's default national feed.

History[edit]

Beginnings[edit]

Estrella TV's beginnings trace back towhen Liberman Broadcasting – owner of Spanish language radio stations in several media markets with large Spanish language populations, including four radio stations in the third-largest U.S. market – made its entry into television broadcasting when its founders, Mexican-born media executive Jose Liberman and his son Lenard, purchased KRCA (channel 62) in Los Angeles, California, a television station affiliated with the Shop at Home Network at the time.

On August 31,Liberman converted KRCA into an independent station with a dual-ethnic programming format. The station ran a block of Spanish language programs during its daytime schedule – running from &#;a.m. to &#;p.m. weekdays – originally consisting largely of dubbed versions of drama series from the Universal Television library (such as Airwolf and Emergency!) and Mexican-produced feature films; the remainder of KRCA's schedule consisted of Asian-imported programming from Japan and various South Asian countries.[2] ByKRCA dropped its Asian-imported programming and became a Spanish language outlet full-time. Liberman acquired two additional stations over the next six years; inthe company bought English Shop-at-Home affiliate KZJL (channel 61) in Houston, Texas. Then init purchased KMPX (channel 29) in Dallas–Fort Worth, which then served as the original flagshipowned-and-operated station of religious broadcaster Daystar (which subsequently purchased PBS station KDTN to replace KMPX as its flagship); Liberman also purchased low-power station KSDX-LP (channel 29) in San Diego, California that same year.

Inthe Liberman family hired Miguel Banojian, an ex Vice President of Univision and ex member of Univision's board of directors, to formed what became LBI's television division which under such corporate structure, developed a television division under LBI, and subsequently structured the production division within its LBI Media unit to produce original programming content. Such move was the result of Mr. Banojian understanding of the lack of Mexican programming availability and the need to produce original content under the newly formed LBI studios. Such corporate division was solely supervised and launched by Mr. Banojian, and subsequently later distributed to other stations purchased by LBI MEDIA CORP. LBI STUDIOS went on to produce more than 4, hours a year under Mr. Banojian's helm at the company, focusing on a mix of variety series, sketch comedy, scripted drama and music programs, talk shows and game shows. One of its earliest programs, the reality game show Gana la Verde ("Win the Green"), caused controversy after several immigrant advocacy groups (including the American Immigration Lawyers Association, the Central American Resource Center, the Latina Lawyers Bar Association and the Mexican American Bar Association) and California U.S. House casinoextra.fr Becerra, Hilda Solis and Linda Sánchez complained that the format – which debuted in Julyand featured Undocumented people competing in extreme Fear Factor-style competitions for the opportunity to win one year of legal assistance from an immigration attorney to help them obtain a green card – put its participants in danger of deportation by immigration authorities aware of the show.[3][4] Programming production ramped up in with series that included:

  • Estudio 2 ("Studio 2"), a variety series conducted from a multi-stage studio that mainly featured performances from Mexican Regional and some contemporary Latin music artists, recurring comedic sketches (primarily featuring established Mexican comic actors such as Luis de Alba and Liliana "La Chupitos" Ariaga) and the karaoke-style elimination game "Aficiandos";
  • José Luis sin Censura ("José Luis Uncensored"), estrella latina soccer league, a conflict talk show hosted by Jose Luis Gonzalez;
  • Fábrica de la Risa ("Laugh Factory"), featuring various self-contained comedic sketches performed primarily by a troupe of five actors;
  • Secretos ("Secrets"), a Cheaters-style scripted drama focusing on a team of private investigators tasked with solving mysteries and crimes, and uncovering deceptions by family members and significant others;
  • ¡A que no puedes! ("I Bet You Can't!"), a game show featuring teams of contestants (originally consisting of family members, before shifting towards featuring actors, musicians and models) conducting physical challenges and dares to bank monetary prizes;
  • and El Show de Don Cheto ("The Don Cheto Show"), a music- and game-based variety series emceed by comedian/host Juan Razo as his character Don Cheto.

Recognizing that the independents could not compete in that arena with the two dominant national Spanish language networks, Univision and Telemundo, Liberman opted not to produce or acquire telenovelas for the stations, opting instead to produce lower-cost programming to counterprogram the longer-established networks.[2][5] Although much smaller in size than the parents of Univision and Telemundo, Liberman was more than willing to open its wallets to sign talent from popular Latin American countries to star in its programs, in addition to using performers from the U.S.

Bythe company had adopted a consistent branding for its three television stations under the brand "Estrella TV" (or "Star TV"). Liberman expanded the Estrella TV format to other markets where it acquired television stations, featuring much of the same programs as those aired by the Los Angeles, Dallas and Houston outlets (some of which aired in different timeslots than they did on KRCA, KMPX and KZJL). Estrella latina soccer league May 30,estrella latina soccer league, Liberman Broadcasting purchased KPNZ (channel 24) estrella latina soccer league Salt Lake City, Utah from Utah Communications, LLC for $10 million (although it would continue to operate as an English language independent station from after the purchase was finalized that November until February );[6][7] then on August 18,the company purchased low-power station KVPA-LP (channel 42) in Phoenix, Arizona from Latin America Broadcasting, Inc. for $ million.[8]

As Liberman expanded its programming to other O&Os, its mix of programming shifted to appeal towards various Hispanic and Latino audiences (whereas Liberman originally programmed KRCA to cater to Los Angeles' predominately Mexican audience, when it first became a part-time Spanish station) and helped the pseudo-network beat its major competitors. In the Los Angeles market, the programs helped KRCA become a strong ratings competitor, even beating Telemundo owned-and-operated station KVEA for second place (ranking behind long-dominant Univision O&O KMEX-TV) among the market's Spanish language stations during the November sweeps period, at which time KMPX and KZJL also beat the respective Telemundo outlets (KXTX-TV and KTMD) for second in all key adult demographics among the Spanish stations in the Houston and Dallas markets. In all five markets, the Estrella TV-branded stations ranked in second place among Hispanic adults in the 18–34, and demographic, beating Telemundo's ratings by as much as % and Telefutura's by as much as 64% during the weekday early fringe and prime time ( to &#;p.m.) periods.[9]

National expansion[edit]

Original network logo, used from September 14,to February 2,

On January 27,at the National Association of Television Program Executives Convention in Las Vegas, Liberman Broadcasting announced that it would turn the Estrella TV concept into a full-fledged national network that would launch at a then-yet-determined date later that year, which would be targeted at adults between the ages of 18 and 49 years old. Liberman had explored the possibility of developing a national network inwhen it raised $ million in capital to acquire additional television stations and expand programming production.[10][11] LBI Media's decision to estrella latina soccer league the network came despite experiencing revenue declines that affected other broadcasting companies during the Great Recession (with LBI's corporate revenues having declined by %, to $ million, and its operating income down by %, at $ million, during the second quarter of over the previous fiscal quarter).[10]

To counterprogram networks that already established a foothold with the Hispanic and Latino demographic (such as Univision, Telemundo, Telefutura and Azteca América), Liberman chose to maintain the existing format used by the company's independent stations and have Estrella TV rely on the company's extensive library of original programming that originated on the six outlets (which Liberman had also syndicated to broadcasters in Puerto Rico and Latin American countries such as Panama, Honduras and El Salvador) as well as newer content for its inaugural schedule – including Estudio 2; Secretos; estrella latina soccer league Que no Puedes¡; José Luis sin Censura; Los Chuperamigos, a sketch comedy series led by Lilliana Arriaga and a cast of popular Mexican comedic actors including Luis De Alba, Alejandro Suarez, Maribel "La Pelangocha" Fernandez and Carlos Bonavides; El Show de Lagrimita y Costel ("The Lagrimita and Costel Show"), a variety series hosted by father and son comedians Costel and Guillermo Cienfuegos in clown attire; and two daily news programs (the twice-daily weekday evening national newscast, Noticias Estrella TV ("Estrella TV News") and Alarma TV ("Alarm TV"), a half-hour prime time newsmagazine focusing on caught-on-tape footage). The initial original programming-focused slate made up the majority of its schedule, running for a total of 56 hours per week from early-afternoon through prime time on Monday through Saturday (its Sunday schedule would rely mainly on imported feature films).[5][10][11][12]

Liberman had set July 1 as the date for Estrella TV's projected national launch by Marchhowever the company ultimately delayed the rollout by 3½ months;[13][14][15] the national Estrella TV network formally commenced programming on September 14, [16][17][18] On March 8,Nielsen began to include Estrella TV in the ratings provider's People Meter sample reports, alongside the other major Spanish language broadcast networks; the network was initially not listed in the daily "Television Index" reports that incorporate the other networks.[19]

Over time, Estrella TV made major inroads in approaching viewership parity with Univision, Telemundo and Telefutura. By NovemberEstrella TV ranked in fourth place in total viewers among all Hispanic broadcast networks, with an average of aroundestrella latina soccer league, viewers.[20] It was the only Spanish language network to experience an increase in viewership year-over-year during Octoberthe network placed third during prime time in total viewership among Hispanic audiences and in the demographic of Hispanic adults between the ages of 25 and 54, with the newsmagazine Alarma TV and late-evening national newscast Noticiero Enrique Gratas ranking within the 20 highest-rated Spanish-language television programs.[21] On January 7,former Los Angeles mayorAntonio Villaraigosa was appointed by Liberman Broadcasting to serve as a senior advisor for the network, helping provide input in its programming, community and advertiser relations. In hiring Villaraigosa, Liberman CEO Lenard Liberman cited the company's need to "increase our sensitivity and understanding of the needs of the Hispanic community," with Villaraigosa citing in part that he estrella latina soccer league drawn to the "human capital" behind the network.[21][22]

On May 15, estrella latina soccer league,Liberman Broadcasting announced that Estrella TV would launch a multichannel production firm, Fenómeno Studios, which would develop programming content targeted at millennials between the ages and 18 and The studio, which launched that June, would produce specialized genre-based content (including music, comedy, gaming, lifestyle, do-it-yourself, beauty and sports content) from a 23,square-foot (acre) facility near Liberman's corporate headquarters and production studios in Burbank, featuring separate production soundstages, edit bays and offices, with the intent to use existing performers from Estrella TV shows with a broad presence on social media (such as estrella latina soccer league Luis Coronel, who also served as a judge on the talent competition series Tengo Talento, Mucho Talento, and Juan "Don Cheto" Razo) and attract existing YouTube talent that would have their content distributed on the Fenómeno online network – with the possibility of some newer talent curated on the Fenómeno networks being considered for program development crossover to the linear Estrella TV network. On May 31,Liberman Broadcasting shut down Fenomeno Studios due to their bankruptcy from the network, its unknown whether or not Fenomeno Studios will return later this year.[23][24] Estrella TV assumed a permanent channel slot on DirecTV on October 4,taking over the channel slot previously occupied by Azteca México, which was discontinued by Mexican network TV Azteca in favor of focusing on its domestic Azteca América broadcast network.[25]

With the demise of Spanish network MundoMax, Estrella TV has seen significant growth when it acquired 2 of the former network's affiliates.[26]

InEstrella TV was the only American television network to experience total day ratings growth in cable viewership among viewers over age 12 between the same period in That year saw Estrella TV begin producing new drama and comedy series such as LOL (a Canadian-produced sketch comedy series that foregoes the use betstars betting basketball verbal dialogue, performed by comedians across the world) and Tarde lo Conocí (a novela-style drama series focusing on the life of musical superstar Patricia Terehan as she rose from poverty to stardom, while faces tough challenges that take her to path from fame to misfortune). On October 10,Estrella TV re-ordered the Hispanic television landscape, when it bumped UniMás for third estrella latina soccer league among the national Spanish language networks in the weeknight prime time (&#;p.m.) period, accomplishing a goal that Liberman had wanted for the network since its launch. However, it is unknown whether or not the network is still ranked as third place after it was confirmed that Unimas finished the / season as third.

On November 21,Liberman Broadcasting filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection with the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware. The company—which claimed assets worth between $ million and $ million and liabilities worth between $ million and $1 billion—sought to reduce its overall debt by more than $ million and secured $38 million in debtor-in-possession financing.[27] On April 17,Liberman obtained approval of its reorganization plan from the Delaware bankruptcy court, with the expectation that it would be able to clear its balance sheet within the following several months. As a result, Estrella TV suspended production of or cancelled outright several series on its schedule; among them, the talk show Noches con Platanito, which was estrella latina soccer league replaced by the telenovela La Esclava Blanca for three months beginning on June 20, while its morning news programs Primera Edición and Buenos Dias Familia were discontinued and replaced by a double-run of telenovelas and a rebroadcast of the previous weeknight's edition of Cierre de Estrella latina soccer league. (The network would later launch a new morning news program, En la Mañana—anchored by Rosy Martell, Thomas Rubio and Natalia Garduño—on November 8.) On October 15,Liberman Broadcasting completed its reorganization plan, turning over ownership of the company—which was formally renamed LBI Media, Inc.—to its first lien lender, private equity firm HPS Investment Partners, LLC, which sponsored the reorganization plan; the reorganization eliminated more than surf city softball million of debt from its balance sheet. As part of the corporate reorganization, co-founder/CEO Lenard Liberman divested his equity in LBI, and was replaced as the company's CEO by former Granite Broadcasting and Communications Corporation of America Chairman Peter Markham.[28][29][30] On February 3,LBI Media rebranded as Estrella Media, borrowing its name from the network, with the network and its corporate parent adopting a unified logo brand utilizing a four-pointed star (described as "a symbol of the brightest star, the four cardinal directions, and a steadfast navigation guide," and which replaced the multi-colored star "e" logo used since the network's launch). On the same day was the launch of a new late night talk show hosted by popular Mexican YouTuber and voice actor Alex Montiel titled “Nos Cayó la Noche”, which replaces Noches Con Platanito citing updated changes to the network's programming ever since it was under new management. On October 22 Estrella TV premiered another late night talk hosted by Mexican Actor Omar Chaparro replacing Alex Montiel. Its predecessor “Nos Cayo la Noche” had confirmed a second season since March but it's likely plans for the second season have been discarded.[31][32]

Programming[edit]

Main article: Liberman Broadcasting §&#;Programming

As of [update], Estrella TV operates on a hour network programming schedule. Its base programming feed provides various types of general entertainment programming Monday through Fridays from &#;a.m. to &#;a.m. and Saturdays and Sundays from &#;p.m. to &#;a.m. Eastern and Pacific Time; the network also carries a half-hour of children's programming – which comply with core programming guidelines defined by the Federal Communications Commission's Children's Television Act – on Monday through Saturday mornings at &#;a.m. Eastern and Pacific Time, consisting of dubbed versions of wildlife and nature programs originally produced in English that comply with educational programming. All remaining time periods are filled with infomercials that were either originally produced or dubbed into Spanish, a block that had previously made up half the network's broadcast day at its debut, but now is limited to between midnight and &#;a.m. ET/PT. The network carries a separate block of additional entertainment programs on Los Angeles flagship station KRCA on Monday through Fridays from to &#;a.m. and Saturdays and Sundays from to &#;a.m.

The majority of Estrella TV's programming schedule relies on the extensive library of originally-produced television programs that are produced the production division of and owned by network parent company LBI Media, incorporating both first-run and archived programs, which comprised a total of more than 5, hours of entertainment content at the network's launch. The network's series programming primarily covers formats common in Spanish language television broadcasters in the U.S. and other countries, consisting of reality, talk and variety programming as well as music, drama and sketch comedy programs, with some programs having originally aired in Los Angeles on KRCA and syndicated to Liberman's Spanish language independent stations prior to the formation of the network.

Much of Estrella TV's programming consists of variety series (such as Estudio 2, El Show de Don Cheto and Noches Con Platanito ("Tonight with Platanito"), a prime time talk-variety show hosted by Sergio Verduzco as his clown character Platanito that is modeled after late-night talk formats), comedy series (such as Los Chuperamigos and Fábrica de la Risa), reality programs (such as Rica Famosa Latina ("Rich, Famous, Latina"), a series created by Joyce Giraud, and modeled after the Real Housewives franchise that Giraud was briefly part of, following the lives of a group of famed Latina entertainers), along with a limited amount of scripted programs (such as Secretos and Historias Delirantes ("Disturbing Stories"), an anthology series featuring supernaturally themed storylines).

On September 14,the day the network Estrella TV launched, estrella latina soccer league, unveils “Estellas Hoy” an entertainment show that offers viewers an exclusive and unprecedented look into the world of top Latino celebrities. The show was previously hosted by Jorge Gomez Haro and Lilli Brillanti. Gino del Corte and Andrea Rincón, and Victoria Del Rosal have been taking the helm of the show until July 27 when the show was cancelled and replaced with a newsmagazine titled “I Testigo”. On June 11 the network returned an entertainment news offering with El Mameluco a show similar to Dish Nation focusing on celebrity entertainment news told by their perspective. The shows hosts are Ricardo “Rika” Rubio, Giselle Bravo, Said Garcia, and Stephanie Gerard. The show premiered in select US cities and started making its Television debut on August 6.

As ofthe network's longest-running first-run entertainment program is Tengo Talento, Mucho Talento ("I Have Talent, Lots of Talent"), a reality talent competition series similar in format to the Got Talent franchise which debuted on October 5, [33] Among its early program offerings was Estrellitas Del Sabado, a two-hour family variety series featuring talent from children ages 12 and under and hosted by Itati Cantoral, which was designed to compete with Univision's then-Saturday night stalwart Sabado Gigante; the program was cancelled inafter two seasons.[34] The Saturday evening estrella latina soccer league period has been partly filled since then by Sabados en Concierto ("Saturdays in Concert"), a weekly series of concert performances from various traditional and contemporary Latin music artists estrella latina soccer league is an offshoot of a series of Friday night concert specials that began airing in October The network debuted its first original miniseries on November 15,Jenni – La Vida de Una Diva ("Jenni - How to make a paintball slingshot Life of a Diva"), a ten-episode series chronicling the life and career of singer Jenni Rivera (who died in a estrella latina soccer league crash near Monterrey, Mexico, en route from a concert performance in December ), though it was an unofficial unendorsed miniseries due to Rivera's long-time association with mun2 and Telemundo.[35]

At its launch, Liberman Broadcasting president/CEO Lenard Liberman cited that it would not carry telenovelas as part of its schedule (either produced by the company or acquired from other distributors), citing the genre's skewing towards an older and more female audience;[11] however, the network would eventually reverse course inwhen it began to incorporate acquired telenovelas (such as the Venevision/Univision co-production El Talismán ("The Talisman")) as part of its estrella latina soccer league, however these programs currently only occupy an hour of the network's weekday daytime schedule As of October [update]. The network also regularly airs imported Spanish-language feature films originally produced in Mexico and South American countries on weekday afternoons seven days a week; the film roster does not concentrate on films from any specific era, estrella latina soccer league, meaning any film from the black-and-white era to contemporary times, and films made for either domestic theatrical or home video/DVD release can be featured. As ofEstrella TV now carries telenovelas and other serialized dramatic series distributed by Caracol Internacional.

InEstrella TV launched its first sitcom, Las Vega's, focusing on the lives of four women who uncover secrets of how their husband and father died (though many electronic program guides misidentified it as the NBC series Las Vegas).[36] On August 6, estrella latina soccer league,the network launched rangpur golf club Mameluco, an hour-long entertainment news program formatted similarly to the English language syndicated program Dish Nation; hosted by veteran radio producer Ricardo Rubio "El Pinche Rika", journalist and Radio producer Said Garcia, radio and TV personality Giselle Bravo, and actress/singer/comedienne Stephanie Gerard, El Mameluco originally premiered as a series on Facebook Live in select U.S. cities before making its national television debut. As of Aprilthe show is being broadcast remotely on Facebook Live as “El Mameluco Desde Casa” due to the coronavirus pandemic. On June 1, the network is set kfc yum center hockey debut a new entertainment news show titled “Chismes En Vivo”, hosted by Chisme no Like hosts “Elisa Beristain and Javier Ceriani”, replacing El Mameluco under updated programming changes that are being made ever since the network began being under new management since February [37][38]

On October 30,Estrella TV signed a multi-year agreement with Fremantle North America to broadcast Latinos Dijeron, an American Spanish-language adaptation of Family Feud that previously aired on the now-defunct MundoMax from toin early The program, which is hosted by actor/comedian Armando Hernandez (who replaced original host Marco Antonio Regil), estrella latina soccer league, debuted on the network on February 19, During its second season run, the network added actor and comedian Mau Nieto as new host and later became a key figure in ratings success of the show. As ofrepeats of the first season run with Armando Hernandez are being aired weekdays at 11 A.M hour. On June 1,the network bought rights to reruns of the original version of Latinos Dijeron hosted by Marco Antonio Regil.[39]

On February 3,Estrella TV revamped its prime time lineup, adding the talk show Nos Cayó la Noche, hosted by popular Mexican YouTuber Alex Montiel (which replaced and utilizes the late-night format used by its predecessor Noches con Platanito, which ceased production in June amid corporate cutbacks instituted upon LBI Media's bankruptcy), and added a half-hour version of the Fenomeno Studios web series Pepe's Office (which resulted in the displacement of Alarma TV, now serving as the lead-out—instead of lead-in as previous—of its late-evening newscast Cierre de Edición, to late night). On February 20, Alarma TV returned to its regular hour by popular demand, which involved Pepe's Office being replaced by a comedy web series titled Enchufe TV, citing programming changes that made more sense for its television ratings.[40]

News programming[edit]

Estrella TV operates a news division under the umbrella brand Noticias Estrella TV ("Estrella News"); the division was formally known as “Noticiero Estrella TV” the same name for the evening newscast which launched with the network on September 14,with the two flagship half-hour, Monday-through-Friday news programs, estrella latina soccer league, Noticiero Estrella TV (Estrella TV News), and Cierre de Edición ("Final Edition"), which respectively air at and &#;p.m. Eastern and Pacific Time since their debuts. The division is also joined by a half-hour late-night daily newsmagazine series Alarma TV ("Alarm TV"), focusing mainly on caught-on-tape videos and news stories throughout Latin America and across the globe. Estrella TV's news division also broadcasts occasional special news coverage such as U.S. and Mexican elections, and the State of the Union Address. Throughout the COVID pandemic, Noticias Estrella TV has been delivering a complete coverage of all the latest news of this outbreak in a special series titled “Noticiero Estrella TV: Reportaje especial Coronavirus la Pandemia” with three additional news hours from pm/pm/pm, which lasted from March 16 and concluded on May 29, resuming the networks daily programming a few days later. On September 22 the network started launching “Estrella News” a Hour digital news network where Various journalists offer the latest news headlines affecting the community in 24 hours[41]

On April 13,Liberman Broadcasting announced that it had reached a deal with veteran journalist Enrique Gratas to join Estrella TV as anchor of a prime time newscast that would serve as the companion estrella latina soccer league the early-evening broadcast, Noticiero con Enrique Gratas ("News with Enrique Gratas"), which debuted six days later on April [42][43] Differing somewhat in tone compared to the early evening edition, the program – which adopted its current title, Cierre de Edición ("Final Edition") inand airs at &#;p.m. Eastern Time – provides more in-depth analysis of news stories affecting the U.S. Hispanic community, similar to the late-night newscast that Gratas formerly anchored for Univision from until he was laid off by that network inNoticiero Univision: Última Hora. Gratas expanded his duties inwith a short-lived weekly investigative newsmagazine El Momento con Enrique Gratas (A Moment with Enrique Gratas).[44] Gratas took a sabbatical from Cierre de Edición in August due to ongoing health issues, but remained the gymnastics kit anchor of the program until his death from a reported diagnosis of metastatic cancer at age 71 on October 8, [45][46] Pedro Ferriz Híjar (who joined the network from Mexican cable news channel Efekto TV, where he anchored a prime time newscast) was named anchor of Cierre de Edición and En La Lucha on February 2,and debuted later that month. Since Earlythe network hired Legendary News Anchor José Armando Ronstadt indy eleven soccer jersey Pedro Ferriz Hijar left the network[47]

InEstrella TV hired another veteran of Univision's news division, Myrka Dellanos, to estrella latina soccer league as main anchor of its early evening newscast Noticiero Estrella TV, and host a series of interview specials for the network, En Exclusiva con Myrka Dellanos ("Exclusive with Myrka Dellanos"). Dellanos left the network on April 24,and was subsequently replaced on Noticiero Estrella TV by Adriana Ruggiero, a former evening anchor at Los Angeles flagship station KRCA. A few months later the network replaced Adriana Ruggiero by Adriana Yanez.[48][49]

On June 28,in the runup to the Presidential election, the network debuted En La Lucha ("In the Ring"), a half-hour Sunday midday political and current affairs program featuring panel discussions on various political and socioeconomic topics of impact to the Latino community in the United States. The program was originally hosted by Hernán Molina – who in addition to such roles at Univision, CNN en Español and NTN24, previously served as a political analyst for Los Angeles flagship station KRCA – and also served as the program's co-managing editor until his termination by Liberman in December During the month of December the network canceled En la Lucha and replaced it with repeats of classic programming of the network.[50][51] Subsequently, estrella latina soccer league, on July 6, the network replaced the cancelled Estrellas Hoy with iTestigo, an hour-long entertainment "news" focusing on user-generated citizen journalism content of news events and social issues from around the world. The show had such a long run that lasted until September 3 when the network decided to cancel the show with their last edition airing on that day due to several problems with the time-slot and possibly low ratings.[23][52]

On January 9,Estrella TV launched two weekday morning news programs: Primera Edicion ("First Edition"), which focuses on news affecting the Latino community (anchored originally by Estrella TV personality Anais Salazar, who also served as newsreader for its lead-out program until late ), and Buenos Dias Familia ("Good Morning, Family"), a two-hour-long program focusing primarily on current events, celebrity interviews, human interest stories and entertainment news (hosted originally by Yul Bürkle, Aylin Mújica and Vanessa Arias).[53][54] The latter program was originally announced by Liberman Broadcasting CEO Lenard Liberman at the network's May 12, upfront presentation in New York, originally intending to be a three-hour morning news and lifestyle program described as "an original alternative" to morning programs aired on its competitors (including Univision's Despierta América and Telemundo's Un Nuevo Día) and scheduled for a debut that fall; feature films, educational programming and a rebroadcast of Cierre de Edición continued to air in the program's intended time period until it formally debuted three years later, when the network overhauled its morning lineup to include repeats of defunct original variety series following Buenos Dias Familia. (William Valdés, a former host of the morning show, left in January )[55][56] On May 31,Estrella TV cancelled Buenos Días, Familia and Primera Edicion citing low ratings for both programs, with their last editions airing on that day and their former time slots being filled by a rebroadcast of the previous weeknight's edition of Cierre de Edición and hour-long repeat blocks of telenovelas previously shown on the network in the to &#;a.m. ET slot. On November 8 of that year, the network resumed a morning news offering with the debut of En La Mañana, a two-hour morning hard news program hosted by Natalia Garduño, Javier Olivares, and Rosy Martell, which focuses on national and world news, weather, entertainment and sports news. On June 22the show got revamped with additional kitesurfing rentals near me hosts including Tomas Rubio, Giselle Bravo and Said Garcia with News of the day, entertainment, sya football, Sports, weather. On July 9Estrella TV decided to cancel the Morning news show “En La Mañana” and was replaced with a small entertainment news show titled “En vivo” and a repeat of the weeknight 2006 buick lacrosse stereo aux “Cierre de Edición”, it is unknown whether or not the network plans to launch another morning show[57][58]

Locally among the network's station body, Estrella TV has fewer stations that have an independent news operation than those of Univision and Telemundo; these in-house news departments are primarily limited to Estrella TV's owned-and-operated stations, including at Los Angeles flagship station KRCA, which had a news operation at the network's launch. On April 29,Estrella TV started to expand its news operations among its O&Os in three key markets with the premiere of daily evening local newscasts in Houston (KZJL), Dallas–Fort Worth (KMPX-TV), and Miami (WGEN-TV/WVFW-LD); newscasts on those three stations are produced out of the studios of its Dallas-based O&O KMPX, which was established as a production hub for the respective twice-daily programs.[59] On November 30ththe Estrella Media decided to cancel all three newscasts produced in Dallas and outsource them to Multimedios in Mexico. 45 people cricket 19 crack download Dallas lost their jobs as a result of this decision

Sports programming[edit]

Estrella TV also operates a sports division Estrella Deportes which also originates from the networks Burbank headquarters. The division, which is responsible for creating sports content on Estrella TV, produces association football matches from Major League Soccer including Los Angeles Football Club and FC Dallas for the Los Angeles and Dallas markets. The network has also produced Liga MX soccer matches involving Dorados de Sinaloa until the end of the – season. It has a multi year partnership with the National Football League team Los Angeles Chargers for the Estrella latina soccer league Angeles station. It is home to some of the best boxing from Mexico and Latin America in “Boxeo Estrella TV” which airs on the last Friday of every month. The network is also the Hispanic broadcast home for the Mexican Rodeo Federation also known as Charreadas in a weekly series that airs every Sunday afternoon titled “Charreadas en Fuego”. The division has done television specials involving the Super Bowl.

On January 29,Estrella TV acquired its first broadcast television rights to a televised sporting event, when Liberman Broadcasting announced that it had signed an agreement with Alianza F.C. to obtain the exclusive U.S. Spanish broadcast rights to telecast Salvadoran Primera Divisiónsoccer matches involving the El Salvador-based football club. Under the deal, which began with its first game broadcast six days later on February 3, estrella latina soccer league, the network estrella latina soccer league broadcast Alianza F.C.'s Sunday afternoon matches (although it occasionally airs prime time matches, mainly on Friday evenings), and produce pre-game and post-game analysis programs bookending the telecasts.[60] In Maythe network acquired the U.S. broadcast rights to the Liga MX-affiliated Copa Socio MX exhibition tournament, a six-game tournament involving teams within the league that is played in major U.S. venues.[23]

On July 27,the network expanded its sports coverage when it reached a three-year programming agreement with Golden Boy Promotions, as the Oscar De La Hoya-founded boxing promotion's exclusive deal with Fox Sports Media Group (in which its fights were broadcast on Fox Sports 1 and Fox Deportes) expired due to Premier Boxing Champions's efforts which had Fox Sports sign with that circuit. Under the deal, Estrella TV obtained the rights to broadcast two live evening fight cards two weeks per month under the banner "Boxeo Estelar", as well as rights to the Friday night boxing showcase series LA Fight Club – the latter of which aired on the network as its first fight telecast on September 4, For the –16 season, the network started carrying Liga MX soccer matches involving Dorados de Sinaloa. As ofit is unknown weather the soccer matches will return for the club's –20 season as a result of Dorados being realigned to the Ascenso MX league, or whether the network will air home matches of another soccer team. It was unknown whether the boxing series "Boxeo Icon sports voucher code would return since Golden Boy Promotions ended their deal with Estrella TV in end of and moved on to an agreement with DAZN. On March 25,the network announced in a press release from its parent company Estrella Media that it is bringing boxing back with a new series titled “Boxeo Estrella TV” thanks to a partnership with Producciones Deportivas in Mexico, where the network will showcase some of the best boxing from Mexico and Latin America and will be scheduled on the last Friday of each estrella latina soccer league February 21,the network returns to doing soccer matches with the new partnership with (Los Angeles Football Club) the fastest growing franchise in MLS. The Los Angeles station network 62 will be televising 17 of the club's 34 regular season contests during the campaign at an unknown date, including 30 minute of pre game and post game shows, as well as exclusive content and original behind the scenes access to training, matches and more. On April 4 of that same year, the network started estrella latina soccer league LAFC flashbacks of previous matches from every Saturday until sports were able to resume in the summer. On June 16, Estrella Media announced a licensing multi year partnership with Los Angeles Chargers, in which Estrella TV 62 Los Angeles and Que Buena / FM, will be home to Preseason matches and Radio home to all matches through the entire NFL season involving playoffs, with Pre and Post game shows and a weekly Chargers series and news throughout the year.

Specials[edit]

Since the network's inception, Estrella TV has broadcast Los Premios de la Estrella latina soccer league ("Radio Awards"), an annual awards ceremony held each November, honoring Mexican Regional music performers from classic and contemporary genres and involving Liebermann's radio stations.[63] The network also holds the broadcast rights to Premios El Don, an award show held in January, awarding the contributions of Latinos in the American film industry.

On November 18,Estrella TV became the American Spanish language television broadcaster of Miss World (promoted as Miss Mundial), becoming the only U.S. television network to carry the beauty pageant. (E! had held the English-language telecast rights to the pageant in the U.S., but declined to air it for the edition.)[64][65]

Stations[edit]

Main article: List of Estrella TV affiliates

As of October [update], Estrella TV has seven owned-and-operated stations, and current and pending affiliation agreements with 45 additional television stations encompassing 49 states and the District of Columbia (including stations in 40 of the 50 largest Nielsen markets);[66][67] counting only its broadcast stations, the network has an estimated national reach of % of all households in the United States (or , Americans with at least one television set).

National advertising sales for the network are handled by the Spanish Media Rep Team (SMRT), an LBI Media-owned sales estrella latina soccer league that also sells spot advertising and handles sales representation for national accounts for Estrella TV owned-and-operated and affiliated stations; SMRT and local affiliates share the responsibility of selling advertising inventory, with affiliate stations retaining 40% of the commercial inventory not sold by Liberman.[10][11] Stations are allowed the option to carry local programming – including newscasts, local public affairs programs, local brokered programming and political specials – in place of regular programming or infomercials aired within the base Estrella TV schedule.[1][68]

After it announced the expansion of the Estrella TV concept into a national network, Liberman Broadcasting initially planned to launch the national Estrella TV network on all six of its existing independent stations, with company executives also immediately seeking agreements with prospective stations owned by other broadcasting companies to serve as charter affiliates of Estrella TV. Although it focused on affiliating with full-power stations (particularly digital subchannels of those already affiliated with other networks), the network ultimately obtained primary channel affiliations in several markets where Liberman did not own a station, mainly via agreements with low-power stations. Liberman estimated that Estrella TV would have an initial market reach covering about 70% of all Hispanic-inhabited U.S. households at its launch.[10][11][16]

On February 2,eight days after the network's national launch was first announced, Liberman entered into an affiliation agreement with Communications Corporation of America, which launched the network estrella latina soccer league five of the company's Texas stations; the deal originally encompassed subchannel affiliations for four stations – KTSM-TV in El Paso, KVEO in Brownsville, KWKT-TV in Waco (as well as its BryansatelliteKYLE-TV) and KETK-TV in Tyler – but later added KPEJ-TV in Odessa as another subchannel-only affiliate through a separate agreement on April 27, [69][70]

By the network's launch date in September, Estrella TV had expanded its footprint of charter outlets, signing affiliation agreements with Tribune Broadcasting (for WPIX in New York City);[71]Sinclair Broadcast Group (initially for KVMY in Las Vegas);[72]Sunbeam Television (for WSVN in Miami);[73] Titan Broadcast Management (for KTNC in San Francisco and KFRE-TV in Sanger-Fresno);[74][75]Belo (for KENS in San Antonio); and Hearst Television (for KOAT in Albuquerque and WPBF in West Palm Beach),[76][77] helping to give the network affiliates in 68% of all Hispanic television households and nine of the ten largest Hispanic media markets in the U.S.[13][16] Estrella Estrella latina soccer league debuted with 17 affiliated stations, in addition to the seven Liberman-owned charter stations, reaching near its national coverage goal with a Hispanic market reach of 68% and affiliates in nine of the ten largest Hispanic U.S. markets (including New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago, Dallas, Houston, San Antonio and Brownsville).[16][18][78]

In addition, Liberman also purchased additional stations to serve as O&Os of the network, purchasing WASA-LP in Port Jervis, New York from Venture Technologies Group, LLC for $6 million on April 6, (WPIX relayed its programming on its subchannel);[79] KWHD (now KETD) estrella latina soccer league Denver from LeSEA Broadcasting for $ million on January 28, (it joined the network on June 1, );[80][81][82] and W40BY (now WESV-LD) in Chicago from the Trinity Broadcasting Network (which operated it as a translator of WWTO-TV in LaSalle) on February 22, (it joined the network on December 7).[83][84][85][86]

Estrella TV is natively transmitted in the aspect ratio, launching high definition operations in mid in the p format, though for the most part this is limited to a few over-the-air stations and estrella latina soccer league and satellite providers; most stations carry Estrella TV on a digital subchannel solely in istandard definition and scale the signal down for that format. Although most series aired on the network produced before and "television" cuts of most films released before were originally formatted inthe network presents these programs in anamorphic widescreen by default; estrella latina soccer league, the network airs most commercials in their original picture format whenever possible. The national cable/satellite feed uses Liberman's Estrella station in Miami, WVFW-LD, as its signal source.

Although the network prefers traditional over-the-air distribution with supplementary carriage on cable and satellite providers,[14] Estrella TV's programming is available in other areas of the United States through a national cable network feed that is distributed directly to select cable, direct-broadcast satellite and IPTV providers (such as Time Warner Cable, Cablevision, Charter and Verizon FiOS) – particularly on dedicated Spanish language programming tiers which incorporate other networks that operate direct-to-pay-television feeds (such as UniMás and Azteca) – as an alternative method of distribution in markets without either the availability or the demand for a local owned-and-operated or affiliate station of the network due to its smaller Hispanic population density.[87][88][89]

Although most of Estrella TV's local affiliates carry the entire schedule, estrella latina soccer league, some pre-empt certain programs within the network's lineup in order to air newscasts or public affairs programs (such as with Los Angeles flagship station KRCA and Estrella latina soccer league in Tulsa, Oklahoma); some also pre-empt paid programs within the network's overnight and estrella latina soccer league infomercial block (such as with KOCY-LD in Oklahoma City) with other locally produced or brokered programming, or to move English-language network programming over due to breaking news situations on the affiliate's main signal (as WSVN in Miami did during Hurricane Irma in with Fox and Fox Sports programming; as mentioned above, Libermann maintains the owned WVFW-LD to air all network programming in Miami, but continues their affiliation agreement with WSVN-DT2 for full-market estrella latina soccer league.

Controversies[edit]

Indecency complaints concerning José Luis Sin Censura[edit]

On February 28,the Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD) and the National Hispanic Media Coalition (NHMC) filed a page joint indecency complaint with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) against Liberman Broadcasting and Estrella TV's Los Angeles flagship station KRCA, in response to content featured on the conflict talk show José Luis Sin Censura (or José Luis Uncensored, an hour-long tabloid talk show hosted by Estrella latina soccer league Luis Gonzalez), due to repeated instances of verbal and physical abuse against LGBT and female guests.[90]

The two organizations also provided transcripts, video clips and still photographs allegedly sourced from the program (in more than 20 different episodes that aired between June 18 and December 7, ) to help illustrate the allegations described in the complaint, which featured pixellated nudity, various censored and uncensored profanity, anti-gay slurs and violent outbursts from angry audience members. GLAAD president Jarrett Barrios said in a statement regarding the offending content: "For years[,] Liberman has ignored concerns from viewers as well as revenue loss from advertisers pulling spots. This material is some of the most violent and offensive on television today and the FCC should hold the broadcaster responsible for airing material which is putting gay and lesbian people in harm's way." GLAAD stated that representatives for the LGBT advocacy organization had met with Liberman executives inabout excising the profanity, slurs and violent acts, but did not have their request granted, and acknowledged that several advertisers pulled advertising from the program following the previous campaign to tone down the content. Following the FCC filing, GLAAD subsequently partnered with the Women's Media Center to launch an online campaign to urge supporters of the complaint to e-mail the Commission in support of or to file their own individual complaints. In referencing to the extremity of the content, NHMC president Alex Nogales referred in an announcement of the complaint, "José Luis makes Jerry Springer look like Mr. Rogers."[91] More than 30 organizations also responded in the demand for Liberman to take action in regards of the program.[92] According to GLAAD President Jarrett Barrios, "This show serves no role except to fuel a climate of intolerance and violence against our community. The FCC has an obligation to stand up against this offensive program, which has no place on our airwaves."[92]

The groups subsequently launched a boycott against companies that maintained advertising sponsorships for José Luis Sin Censura, and created a petition on casinoextra.fr urging Liberman to take action regarding the show and its content. In response to the controversy, AT&T and Time Warner Cable withdrew their advertising from the program.[93] In addition, Miami affiliate WSVN opted to pre-empt José Luis Sin Censura from its Estrella TV feed on digital channelwhile KCTU-LD in Wichita, Kansas disaffiliated the network from one of its subchannels in latewith the station's estrella latina soccer league manager Ron Nutt citing the network's programming in general "was so objectionable that, at one point or another, half estrella latina soccer league its viewership had called us with a complaint. They are going for sensationalism. If an English-language network put out this content, they would be asking for trouble."[94] On August 8,Estrella TV agreed to officially cancel José Luis Sin Censura, immediately pulling the show from its schedule.[93][95]

On November 15,the FCC's Enforcement Bureau filed an indecency enforcement action against Liberman Broadcasting, in which the company voluntarily agreed to pay $, to settle the indecency complaints filed by GLAAD, the NHMC and others as part of a consent decree.[96][97]

Carriage dispute with Comcast[edit]

In Februaryduring negotiations to renew its carriage agreement for Estrella TV's owned-and-operated stations in Denver (KETD), Houston (KZJL) and Salt Lake City (KPNZ), Liberman Broadcasting entered into a carriage dispute with Comcast over carriage fees and expanded distribution to all markets served by the provider's Xfinity service in 13 other markets. Chief executive officer Lenard Liberman cited that it was seeking to switch from must carry status for the network's carriage to a retransmission consent compensation model; he also cited concerns that Comcast's since-aborted merger with Time Warner Estrella latina soccer league would result in the provider exerting too much leverage in programming deals, resulting in it favoring networks the company owns (such as Telemundo) over minority-owned networks (an issue cited in a $20 billion racial discrimination lawsuit filed by Entertainment Studios and the National Association of African-American Owned Media that month over its alleged favoring of The Africa Channel, a minority-owned founded by former Comcast/NBCUniversal executive Paula Madison, over other black-owned networks). Estrella TV launched an on-air and social media campaign on February 7, asking viewers to urge Comcast to continue carrying the network; however, representatives for Comcast countered that it expanded distribution of 60 independently operated Hispanic-focused networks (such as Galavisión known as a univision network, HITN and Azteca) across its systems (as part of an agreement resulting from its merger with Telemundo parent NBCUniversal), and while it was negotiating in good faith with Liberman, it did not want to raise subscriber rates to carry a network with "limited [viewer] appeal".[98][99][][][]

In response, on February 11, California casinoextra.fr Cárdenas circulated a letter to other U.S. House members, asking them to write to the Federal Communications Commission and the U.S. Department of Justice to ensure that independent programmers would not be harmed should the Comcast-TWC merger receive federal approval.[] KETD, KZJL and KPNZ were all removed from Comcast's systems in the respective markets upon the agreement's expiration at &#;a.m. Eastern Time on February 20; however, its stations in the 13 other markets where Comcast serves as a major cable provider (including New York City, Chicago, Miami and Fresno) were unaffected due to separate carriage agreements.[]

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